|• Type||Village council|
|• Head of Municipality||Abdullah Tawfiq|
|• Jurisdiction||16,517 dunams (16.5 km2 or 6.4 sq mi)|
|Name meaning||from personal name|
Jalud (Arabic: ﺎﻟﻭﺩ) is a Palestinian village in the Nablus Governorate in the northern West Bank. It is approximately 30 kilometers (19 mi) south of Nablus and is situated just east of Qaryut, south of Qusra and northeast of Shilo, an Israeli settlement. Its land area consists of 16,517 dunams (square kilometers), 98 of which constitutes its built-up area. Jalud is encircled by four illegal outposts: Esh Kodesh, Adi Ad, Ahiya and Shvut Rachel. Jalud residents were blocked by both IDF forces and settlers from tending most of their farms from 2001 to 2007. In 2007 permission was given to farm their groves, twice a year for a few days, on condition that prior coordinating arrangements are made with the IDF.
In 1596, Jalud appeared in Ottoman tax registers as being a village in the nahiya of Jabal Qubal in the liwa of Nablus. It had a population of 20 households, all Muslim. The villagers paid taxes on wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, goats and beehives.
In 1870 French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village, which he found to have about 300 inhabitants. In the 1882, Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine, (SWP), described Jalud as "a small village on low ground, with olives to the south".
British Mandate era
In a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, Jalud had a population of 145, all Muslims, while in the 1931 census it had 52 occupied houses and a population of 225, still all Muslim. In 1945 the population had increased to 300, all Muslims, while the total land area was 15,815 dunams, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 457 dunams were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 6,838 for cereals, while 24 dunams were classified as built-up areas.
In 2007, Jalud's population was 464 according to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). There were 91 non-residential buildings, 94 houses and five business establishments in the village. The average household size was 5.5 persons. According to Jalud's mayor, the village experiences high unemployment and migration due to land confiscation by Israel and sporadic violence from nearby Israeli settlements, which for 10 years has impeded villagers' access to their groves.
- On 9 February 2011, Israeli settlers from Ahiya, a nearby settlement outpost, attacked Jalud, demanding residents evacuate their houses. Israeli police arrived following clashes between the settlers and Palestinian residents, dispersing the former using tear gas and stun grenades.
- On October 21, 2011, while international activists and Combatants for Peace assisted the Jalud villagers in reclaiming their harvests, a group of 4 armed and masked men from Esh Kodesh a satellite outpost confronted them yelling that they must get off what the group asserted was outpost land. They then threw a stun grenade and fired in the direction of the harvesters, some of whom were then clubbed. According to the testimony of Israeli eyewitnesses, the IDF and Border Police present did not intervene, other than to fire more tear gas grenades at the harvesters and wounded. A formal complaint was laid. Follow-up checks by the Israeli NGO Yesh Din over several months indicate that a police investigation is "ongoing".
- On 9 October 2013, Israeli arsonists, apparently from the nearby outposts, intruded into the Jalud elementary school, hurled rocks and damaged 5 cars belonging to the teaching body. They then set fire to the village's olive groves, damaging some 400 trees. A settler website vindicated the attack as a reprisal for the dismantlement of another illegal outpost, Givat Geulat Zion, carried out by the IDF that morning. Three youths from Adi Ad were subsequently arrested on suspicion of involvement, but local Palestinian eyewitnesses have stated that the assailants, some 20, did not appear to be minors.
In her 2009 publication entitled Tree Flags, legal scholar and ethnographer, Irus Braverman, describes how Palestinians identify olive groves as "their symbol of their longtime agricultural connection to the land.":1
- Palmer, 1881, p. 253
- Land confiscated for settlement protection Qarut and Jalud Villages. Applied Research Institute-Jerusalem. 2006-08-26. Retrieved on 2012-02-21.
- Amira Hass, 'Israelis attack school in Palestinian village, torch olive groves,' at Haaretz 10 October 2013
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 137.
- Guérin, 1875, p. 19
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 386
- Barron, 1923, Table IX, p. 25
- Mills, 1932, p. 62
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 18
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 60
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 106
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 156
- 2007 PCBS census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). 2008. Retrieved on 2012-02-21.
- Armed settlers attack West Bank village. Ma'an News Agency. 2011-02-09. Retrieved on 2012-02-21.
- Amira Hass, 'Eight months after bloody olive harvest battle, still no justice in sight,' at Haaretz, 22 August 2012.
- Planted Flags: Trees, Land, and Law in Israel/Palestine (PDF). Yale Agrarian Studies Colloquium. Buffalo, New York. 28 September 2010. p. 54. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
- Staton, Bethan (21 January 2015). "The deep roots of the Palestine-Israel conflict: Palestinians have tended olive groves for decades, but Israelis are staking a claim by planting their own trees". Israel/Palestine. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
- Braverman, Irus (2009). Planted Flags: Trees, Land, and Law in Israel/Palestine. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 052176002X.
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Clermont-Ganneau, Charles Simon (1896). [ARP] Archaeological Researches in Palestine 1873-1874, translated from the French by J. McFarlane. 2. London: Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Welcome To Jalud
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 15: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- The Expropriation of Jalud's Lands Towards the Buntustanization of the West Bank, 28, December, 1997, ARIJ
- Land confiscated for settlement protection Qarut and Jalud Villages 27, August, 2006, ARIJ
- Shivot Raheil Colonists Plough 14 Dunums of Palestinian Lands in Jalud Village, 22, May, 2010, ARIJ
- Confiscation Orders Against Tens of Dunums of Agricultural Lands in Jalud village, 17, October, 2010, ARIJ
- Jalud… Torched Olive and Expanding Colonies 02, August, 2011, ARIJ