|Major General Jama Korshel
|Years of service||1950s-1970s|
Jama Korshel (Somali: Jaamac Qoorsheel, Arabic: جامع قورشيل) was a Somali army Major General and former Head of the Somali Police Force. He was the Vice President of the Supreme Revolutionary Council.
Korshel was born in the town of Erigavo, situated in the northern Sanaag region of Somalia. Korshel completed the Quran in Erigavo and started school at SOS Sheikh Secondary School to finish his middle school education. The SOS Sheikh Secondary School is situated near the town of Sheikh in a remote part of present day Somaliland. Korshel finished his high school studies in Aden, Yemen. After completing high school Korshel went back to northern Somalia and joined the police force. He was given a scholarship to go to the National Police College in Ryton-on-Dunsmore, Warwickshire, England to complete his training.
He was a leader in the Somali National League (SNL) when British Somaliland gained its independence in 1960. Following the establishment of the Somali Republic and the assassination of the young nation's second president, Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke, Korshel would later emerge as one of the key figures in the putsch which saw the military junta of Major General Mohamed Siad Barre into power. He was appointed Vice President of the new Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC) that assumed office, and put in charge of Internal Affairs.
In 1970, an alleged counter-coup d'état attempt, reportedly masterminded by Korshel, was uncovered. Korshel was subsequently arrested in April 1971, until 1975, when he was released from prison. Korshel later embarked on a business career.
Korshel's son, Said Korshel, would later follow in his father's footsteps, entering politics and serving in the Puntland regional administration as a minister between 2002-2007 and the federal Government of Somalia as Minister of Transportation.
- Legum, p.177
- Ottaway, p.64
- Burke, p.233
- Burke, Edmund (1971). The Annual register of world events: a review of the year, Volume 212. Longmans, Green.
- Legum, Colin; John Gordon Stewart Drysdale (1970). Africa contemporary record: annual survey and documents, Volume 2. Africana Pub. Co.
- Ottaway, Marina (1982). Soviet and American influence in the horn of Africa. Praeger. ISBN 0-03-058908-8.