Jamaat al Dawa al Quran

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Not to be confused with Jama'at-ud-Da'wah.
Jamaat al Dawa al Quran
Participant in the War in Afghanistan (1978–present) and the Global War on Terrorism
Active c. 1980s[1] – present
Ideology Salafism
Founder Jamil al-Rahman
Area of operations Kunar, Afghanistan
Part of Taliban[2]
Allies Flag of Jihad.svg al-Qaeda
Flag of Lashkar-e-Taiba.svg Lashkar-e-Taiba[3]
Opponents

Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Afghanistan NATO NATO

Battles and wars Soviet war in Afghanistan
Civil war in Afghanistan (1989–92)
Civil war in Afghanistan (1992–96)
Civil war in Afghanistan (1996–2001)
War in Afghanistan (2001–14)
War in Afghanistan (2015–present)

Jamaat al Dawa al Quran (JDQ, Society for the Call to the Quran), also known as Jama’at al-Da’wa ila al-Quran wal-Sunna (JDQS) and the Salafi Group,[4] is a militant Islamist organisation operating in eastern Afghanistan.

Background[edit]

Founded around 1986 during the Soviet–Afghan War by Jamil al-Rahman as a splinter from the larger Hezbi Islami faction, Jamaat al Dawa al Quran was a Salafi organisation that hosted many Arab volunteers and received funding from sympathetic Saudi and Kuwaiti businessmen.[5] The group was able to establish an Islamist mini-state in Kunar Province in 1990, but it quickly dissolved after attacks by Hezbi Islami and al-Rahman's assassination in 1991, however JDQ continued to operate.[1]

Following the 2001 US-led invasion of Afghanistan, one faction of JDQ registered as a political party and took part in the 2005 Afghan parliamentary elections. Alleged arbitrary arrests and cultural insensitivity by coalition forces, along with loss of influence in the local Kunar administration, led to JDQ members joining the local insurgency as the Salafi Taliban.[6]

By the later part of the decade, JDQ began taking part in the insurgency against NATO and Afghan security forces in Korangal Valley.[7][8] In 2010, the group pledged allegiance to Mullah Omar, leader of the Taliban. Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid released a statement announcing that JDQ was now a part of the Taliban.[2]

JDQ was involved in the September 2010 kidnapping of British aid worker Linda Norgrove,[3][4] who was accidentally killed by US forces during a rescue attempt.[9]

Designation as a terrorist organization[edit]

Countries and organizations below have officially listed the group as a terrorist organization.

Country Date References
 United States 25 May 2016 [3]

Combatant Status Review Tribunal[edit]

Having an affiliation with the organisation was raised by the Combatant Status Review Tribunal during the hearings of several detainees at Guantanamo Bay detention camp.[10]

isn names notes
561

Abdul Rahim Muslimdost

  • Three of the allegations Muslimdost faced during his Tribunal were:[11]
    • The detainee was a member of Jamaat ud Dawa il al Quran al Sunnat [sic] (JDQ).
    • Jamyat-u-Dawa-al-Quarani [sic] (JDQ) conducted training with several types of weapons in the Abdullah Abu Masood camp.
    • The JDQ is a militant religious school which trains students in military camps as well as classrooms. The JDQ has a militant wing and an assassination wing.
  • Muslimdost acknowledged being a member of the JDQ—fifteen years earlier, during the struggle to oust Afghanistan's Soviet invaders.
  • Muslimdost said the JDQ had a military wing, and practiced assassination.
  • Muslimdost said the JDQ had run training camps, and had tried to assassinate him.
798

Sahib Rohullah Wakil

  • Two of the allegations Rohullah faced during his Tribunal were:[12]
  • Rohullah testified that the JDQ was not an extremist group, and had not had a military wing since 1991.
  • Rohullah testified that all the JDQ's operations since the ouster of the communists have been humanitarian.
  • Rohullah testified that the JDQ had been supported by the Northern Alliance.

Sabar Lal Melma

References[edit]

External links[edit]