Jamaica Buses was a bus company in New York City, United States, operating local service in Queens and express service to Manhattan until January 30, 2006, when the MTA Bus Company took over its operations.
The president of Jamaica Buses, and GTJ Reit Inc. was the late Mr. Jerome Cooper (August 14, 1928 – May 20, 2015 aged 86). Its facility was located on 114-15 Guy R. Brewer Boulevard in South Jamaica, Queens.
After the bankruptcy of the Long Island Electric Railway in 1926, the company's trolley lines in Nassau County were disestablished, however the ones in Queens survived, and the company was reorganized as the Jamaica Central Railways. This company would continue to operate streetcars for another six years. Upon reestablishment, the company purchased used trolley cars from companies such as the Empire State Railroad of Oswego, and the New York and Stamford Railway. Many of these cars dated back as far as 1911 and proved to be defective when used on the Far Rockaway Line. The conditions became so dangerous that by the Summer of 1930 the New York State Public Service Commission intervened and demanded that they trade the cars in for those from the Eastern Massachusetts Street Railway. Unfortunately, those cars proved to be inadequate, and that line was eventually abandoned. Cars on other lines inherited from the LIER did not suffer such misfortunes.
In 1930, the City of New York granted the company a bus franchise service named Jamaica Buses, a subsidiary of Jamaica Central Railways. Bus operation over all the former JCR trolley lines began on November 12, 1933; this coincided with the widening of Jamaica Avenue, and the removal of the trolley tracks on the former routes. The company was later acquired by the stockholders of Green Bus Lines after financial troubles, and in the 1970s an express route to Manhattan was initiated.
- Q110 Jamaica - Belmont Park, via Jamaica Avenue
- Q111 Jamaica - Rosedale, via Guy Brewer Boulevard
- Q112 Jamaica - Ozone Park, via Liberty Avenue
- Q113 Jamaica - Far Rockaway, via Guy Brewer Boulevard - Limited stops and Local services
- QM21 Rochdale Village - Gramercy Park, Manhattan Express
Also, between 1954-1995 Jamaica Buses Inc., provided a wide range of private CHARTER services earning extra income used to help subsidize the other Cooper family owned bus companies such as Green Bus Lines and Triboro Coach Corp.
- Jamaica Buses Incorporated (accessed January 19, 2007; archived June 4, 2015)
- Obituaries; Jerome Cooper (New York Times; May 21, 2015)
- "Company Profile". Jamaica Buses, Inc. Archived from the original on 2006-01-25. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
- "Jamaica Buses To Inaugurate New Service: Ceremony Will Be Held Tomorrow in Opening Routes to Southeast". Newspapers.com. Brooklyn Daily Eagle. November 10, 1933. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
- Jamaica Buses Incorporated (Internet Archive)
- "Pick Tentative Bus Operators; Queens Objects: Board Selects North Shore and Jamaica Firms-Hearing July 10". Newspapers.com. Brooklyn Daily Eagle. June 19, 1931. p. 2. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
- NYCDOT - Privately Operated Bus Service (as of early-to-mid 2000s, accessed January 19, 2007)
- Jamaica Bus Photos (Bus:NYCSubway.org)