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For other uses, see Jamaican (disambiguation).
Flag of Jamaica.svg
Total population
(c. 4.8 million)
Regions with significant populations
 Jamaica 2.95 million (2015)
 United States 1,091,482 (2013)[1]
 Panama 323,436[2]
 Canada 256,195[3][4][5][6]
 United Kingdom 160,776[7]
 Costa Rica 64,000[7]
 Trinidad and Tobago 1,497[7]
 Australia 1,092[7]
Other ~2,000–5,000[7]

Jamaicans are the citizens of Jamaica and their descendants in the Jamaican diaspora. Most Jamaicans are of African descent, with smaller minorities of Europeans, East Indians, Chinese, Mixed-Race, and others. The bulk of the Jamaican diaspora resides in Canada, United States, Panama and the United Kingdom and in the other Anglophone countries.


Main article: Jamaican diaspora

Many Jamaicans now live overseas and outside Jamaica, while many have migrated to Anglophone countries, including over 150,000 Jamaicans in the United Kingdom, over 250,000 Canada, over a million in the United States.

Within the Caribbean, there are an estimated 30,000 Jamaicans living in the Dominican Republic.[8] An equal number reside in other CARICOM members states,[9] including the Bahamas (5,600),[10] Cuba (5,000),[11] Antigua & Barbuda, Barbados and Trinidad & Tobago.[9] As of November 21, 2013, an estimated 16,958 Jamaicans could be residing illegally in Trinidad & Tobago, as according to the records of the Office of the Chief Immigration Officer, their entry certificates would have since expired.[12]

Notable Jamaicans[edit]

Main article: List of Jamaicans

See also[edit]