Jamalpur, Bihar

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जमालपुर, জামালপুর, جمالپور
Skyline of Jamalpur
Jamalpur is located in Bihar
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 25°18′N 86°30′E / 25.3°N 86.5°E / 25.3; 86.5Coordinates: 25°18′N 86°30′E / 25.3°N 86.5°E / 25.3; 86.5[1]
Country  India
State Bihar
District Munger
 • Type Municipal Council
 • Body Jamalpur Municipal Council
Area 10 km2 (4 sq mi)
 • Length 4 km (2 mi)
 • Width 2.8 km (1.7 mi)
Elevation[2] 151 m (495 ft)
Population (2011)[3] 105,221
 • Rank 15th in Bihar
 • Density 11,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Jamalpurites
 • Official Maithili, Hindi language
 • Spoken Angika, Bhojpuri, Bengali, Hindi, Maithili, Urdu
 • Total 87.38%
 • Male 92.58%
 • Female 81.40%
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 811214
Vehicle registration BR-08
Sex ratio 871 females per 1000 males /
Website www.mungerjamalpur.com

Jamalpur (Angika: जामालपुर, Bengali: জামালপুর, English :Hindi:जमालपुर, Maithili:জামানপুব, Urdu:جمالپور) is a town in the Indian state of Bihar. It is situated 9 km from Munger city center. Jamlalpur is a part of Munger-Jamalpur twin cities.

The name Jamalpur literally means Jamal (beautiful) pur (town). Jamalpur is best known for the Jamalpur Locomotive Workshop, which employs over 25,000 people at its training institution, The Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering. The town was established in 1862 during the British Raj, with the Railways Institute forming its cultural hub.



Jamalpur is located at 25°18′51″N 86°29′22″E / 25.314236°N 86.489525°E / 25.314236; 86.489525 at an average elevation of 151 metres (495 ft).

The suburb is a part of Munger city. The city centre of Munger is 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) northwest of Jamalpur area of Munger city. There is a road as well as a rail link throughout these areas, the rail link has been completed recentlyMunger Ganga Bridge. Jamalpur is an overnight rail or road journey from Kolkata.

The nearest airport is Munger Airport near Safiyabad area of the Munger city.The nearest commercial domestic airport is Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport in Patna, 199 kilometres (124 mi) away. The nearest international airport is Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport in Kolkata, 460 kilometres (290 mi) from Jamalpur on NH80.


As of the 2011 census, Jamalpur has a population of 105,221, with a ratio of 871 females for every 1,000 males. The average literacy rate is 87.38%; for men it is 92.58%, and for women it is 81.40%. There are 12,298 children in Jamalpur aged 0 to 6, with a ratio of 867 girls for every 1,000 boys.[3]

Industry and culture[edit]

Locomotive workshop[edit]

The Jamalpur Locomotive Workshop was the first full-fledged railway workshop facility in India, founded on 8 Feb 1862 by the East Indian Railway Company. The Jamalpur site was chosen for its proximity both to the Sahibganj loop, which was the main trunk route at the time, and to the communities of gunsmiths and other mechanical craftsmen in Bihar.

The workshop was initially for repairing locomotives, and assembling new ones from salvaged parts. By the early 20th century, however, it had progressed to producing its own locomotives. It produced the first one, CA 764 "Lady Curzon", in 1899. In 1893, it became the site of the first railway foundry in India. It also had a workshop for repairing and building boilers. Today it has a foundry, metallurgical lab facilities, and machine tool facilities. Its rolling mill and nut and bolt shop ceased operation in 1984.

The school attached to the workshop eventually became the Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (IRIMEE).

Ananda Marga[edit]

The Ananda Marga movement was founded here by Jamalpur native Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar in 1955.[4]

Famous Homeopathy Physician Late Dr J N Goshdostidar till 1980

Places of interest[edit]



Jamalpur is well known for IRIMEE, the Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering. Other institutes include:

  • Notre Dame Academy, Jamalpur: The first Notre Dame school in India, founded in 1950. Notre Dame Academy is a Catholic Institution managed by the Patna Notre Dame Sisters' Society. (See also: Notre Dame Academy, Patna)
  • Eastern Railway High School: A high school for railway employees' children, and one of the oldest high schools in the city.
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Jamalpur - a CBSE-affiliated Kendriya Vidyalaya set up in 1973 with the sponsorship of the Eastern Railway.
  • Achhuram Kanya Madhya Vidyalaya
  • Ananda Marga School
  • Blue Bells School
  • D.A.V Public School
  • D.P.S School
  • P. D. High School
  • Rajkiya Balika Vidyalaya
  • R.B.High School
  • SVM school
  • J. R. S. College, Jamalpur
  • Famous Homeopathy Doctor Late J N Ghosh Dostidar

See also[edit]


External links[edit]