Jamalpur, Bihar

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Skyline of Jamalpur
Jamalpur is located in Bihar
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 25°18′N 86°30′E / 25.3°N 86.5°E / 25.3; 86.5Coordinates: 25°18′N 86°30′E / 25.3°N 86.5°E / 25.3; 86.5[1]
Country India
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodyJamalpur Municipal Council
10 km2 (4 sq mi)
 • Length4 km (2 mi)
 • Width2.8 km (1.7 mi)
Elevation151 m (495 ft)
 • Rank15th in Bihar
 • Density11,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)
 • OfficialMaithili, Hindi language
 • SpokenAngika, Bhojpuri, Bengali, Hindi, Maithili, Urdu
 • Total87.38%
 • Male92.58%
 • Female81.40%
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationBR-08
Sex ratio871 females per 1000 males /

Jamalpur is a town in the Indian state of Bihar. It is situated 8 km from Munger city center. Jamalpur is a part of Munger-Jamalpur twin cities. The name Jamalpur literally means Jamal (beautiful) pur (town). Jamalpur is best known for the Jamalpur Locomotive Workshop, which employs over 25,000 people at its training institution, The Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering. The town was established in 1862 during the British Raj, with the Railways Institute forming its cultural hub.



The paleolithic site of "Kali Pahar", atop Jamalpur Hill, was the location of an important find of quartzite Early and Middle Stone Ages implements.[4][5]


Jamalpur is located at 25°18′51″N 86°29′22″E / 25.314236°N 86.489525°E / 25.314236; 86.489525 at an average elevation of 151 metres (495 ft).

The suburb is a part of Munger city. The city centre of Munger is 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) northwest of Jamalpur area of Munger city. There is a road as well as a rail link throughout these areas, the rail link has been completed recentlyMunger Ganga Bridge. Jamalpur is an overnight rail or road journey from Kolkata.

The nearest airport is Munger Airport near Safiyabad area of the Munger city.The nearest commercial domestic airport is Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport in Patna, 199 kilometres (124 mi) away. The nearest international airport is Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport in Kolkata, 460 kilometres (290 mi) from Jamalpur on NH80.


As of the 2011 census, Jamalpur has a population of 105,221, with a ratio of 871 females for every 1,000 males. The average literacy rate is 87.38%; for men it is 92.58%, and for women it is 81.40%. There are 12,298 children in Jamalpur aged 0 to 6, with a ratio of 867 girls for every 1,000 boys.[3]

Industry and culture[edit]

Locomotive workshop[edit]

The Jamalpur Locomotive Workshop was the first full-fledged railway workshop facility in India, founded on 8 Feb 1862 by the East Indian Railway Company. The Jamalpur site was chosen for its proximity both to the Sahibganj loop, which was the main trunk route at the time, and to the communities of gunsmiths and other mechanical craftsmen in Bihar.

The workshop was initially for repairing locomotives, and assembling new ones from salvaged parts. By the early 20th century, however, it had progressed to producing its own locomotives. It produced the first one, CA 764 "Lady Curzon", in 1899. In 1893, it became the site of the first railway foundry in India. It also had a workshop for repairing and building boilers. Today it has a foundry, metallurgical lab facilities, and machine tool facilities. Its rolling mill and nut and bolt shop ceased operation in 1984.

The school attached to the workshop eventually became the Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (IRIMEE).

Ananda Marga[edit]

The Ananda Marga movement was founded here by Jamalpur native Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar in 1955.[6]

Places of interest[edit]

  • JSA Stadium, a football stadium.
  • The Jamalpur Gymkhana, the hostel and club used by the Special Class Railway Apprentices.
  • The Jamalpur Golf Course, the site of the annual ITC Golf Tournament.
  • Kali Pahadi, a mountain and picnic spot featuring a temple to the Hindu goddess Kali.
  • Panchmukhi hanuman mandir, badidariyapur jamalpur.
  • Jogi asthan durga mandir, rampur basti jamalpur.
  • Tunnel{jamalpur- bhagalapur train route}near nayagaon, jamalpur.
  • Sadar bazar market, jamalpur.
  • Baptist Church, albert road, nayagaon, jamalpur
  • St.joseph Catholic church, east colony, jamalpur
  • Hanuman mandir, jubilee well.
  • Gurudwara jamalpur.
  • St.mary's church, golf road, jamalpur
  • Gandhi library.daulatpur, munger road.
  • Yog maya badi durga devi mandir,Shani Dev Mandir ,sadar bazar, jamalpur.
  • Historical Jamalpur Workshop (estd. 1853).
  • Jamalpur filter water works at the top of kali pahadi.


There are many good schools which give quality education to children. First Notre Dame Academy of India was established at Jamalpur in 1950. There are many branches of Saraswati Vidya Mandir,1 Kendriya Vidyalaya, and several many.


  • J. R. S. College
  • Jamalpur College
  • Indian Railway institute of mechanical and electrical engineering (IRIMEE)


  • Notre Dame Academy, Jamalpur: The first Notre Dame school in India, founded in 1950. Notre Dame Academy is a Catholic Institution managed by the Patna Notre Dame Sisters' Society.
  • Eastern Railway High School: A high school for railway employees' children, and one of the oldest high schools in the city.
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Jamalpur - a CBSE-affiliated Kendriya Vidyalaya set up in 1973 with the sponsorship of the Eastern Railway.
  • Achhuram Kanya Madhya Vidyalaya
  • Ananda Marga School
  • Blue Bells School
  • D.A.V Public School
  • P. D. High School
  • Rajkiya Balika Vidyalaya
  • R.B.High School
  • SVM school

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Jamalpur Coordinates". Tageo.com. Retrieved 13 August 2014. External link in |website= (help)
  2. ^ "Munger Jamalpur Geography". MungerJamalpur.com. Retrieved 13 August 2014. External link in |website= (help)
  3. ^ a b c "Jamalpur City Census 2011 data". Population Census 2011. Census Organization of India. Retrieved 13 August 2014. External link in |website= (help)
  4. ^ Archaeology, India Dept of (1964). Indian Archaeology. Archaeological Survey of India. p. 5.
  5. ^ Banerjee, Krishna Das; Gaur, Aniruddh Singh; Tripati, Sila; Singh, Sanjib Kumar (2004). Kṛṣṇāyan, a peep into the past: Dr. K.D. Banerjee commemorative volume, essays on archaeology. Harman Pub. House. ISBN 9788186622704.
  6. ^ Acosta, Devashish Donald (1 October 2010). Anandamurti: The Jamalpur Years. Innerworld Publications. ISBN 978-1881717102.

External links[edit]