Jamalpur (community development block)

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Jamalpur
জামালপুর
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Jamalpur is located in West Bengal
Jamalpur
Jamalpur
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°04′00″N 87°59′00″E / 23.06667°N 87.98333°E / 23.06667; 87.98333
State West Bengal
District Purba Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituency Bardhaman Purba
Assembly constituency Jamalpur
Area
 • Total 101.55 sq mi (263.02 km2)
Elevation 69 ft (21 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 266,338
 • Density 2,600/sq mi (1,000/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 713408 (Jamalpur)
713166 (Jaugram)
713404 (Chakdighi)
713401 (Ajhapur)
Telephone/STD code 03213
Vehicle registration WB-37,WB-38,WB-41,WB-42,WB-44
Literacy Rate 74.08 per cent
Website http://bardhaman.gov.in/

Jamalpur is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Administrative set up[edit]

At some point of time the town was known as Salimabad.[1] In Peterson’s District Gazeteer of 1910 there is mention of Jamalpur and other police stations in Bardhaman subdivision.[2]

Movements[edit]

The freedom fighter Dasarathi Tah organised political movement in the area in the thirties and forties.[3] Damodar floods wrought havoc in the area and Dasarathi Tah initiated the ‘Nakrah hana embankment movement’ and even published a weekly newspaper named Damodar to focus on the problems faced by the people in the area.[4] The August movement of 1942 had a great impact in the area. The post office at Jamalpur was burnt down.[5]

Geography[edit]

Jamalpur is located at 23°04′00″N 87°59′00″E / 23.066667°N 87.983333°E / 23.066667; 87.983333.

Jamalpur CD Block is part of the Khandaghosh Plain, which lies in the south-western part of the district, The Damodar flows through the area. The bed of the Damodar is higher than the surrounding areas and the right bank is protected against floods with embankments in portions of the south of the Damodar River. The region has allauvial soil of recent origin.[6] Unlike the rest of Bardhaman district, which lies to the north of the Damodar River, the Khandaghosh-Jamalpur-Raina area lies on the alluvial plains between the Damodar on its southern/ eastern side and the Dwarakeswar River. As a result, it has been a flood prone area.[7]

Jamalpur CD Block is bounded by Memari I CD Block on the north, Dhaniakhali CD Block, in Hooghly district, on the east and south, and Raina I and Raina II CD Blocks on the west.[8][9]

It is located 29 km from Bardhaman, the district headquarters.[8]

Jamalpur CD Block has an area of 263.02 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 13 gram panchayats, 205 gram sansads (village councils), 123 mouzas and 121 inhabited villages. Jamalpur police station serves this block.[10] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Jamalpur.[11]

Gram panchayats of Jamalpur block/panchayat samiti are: Abhjhati I, Abujhati II, Ajhapur, Berugram, Chakdighi, Jamalpur I, Jamalpur II, Jarogram, Jaugram, Jotsriram, Panchra, Paratal I and Paratal II.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Jamalpur CD Block had a total population of 266,338, all of which were rural. There were 134,429 (51%) males and 131,809 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 27,737. Scheduled Castes numbered 96,097 (36.08%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 40,432 (15.18%).[13]

As per the 2001 census, Jamalpur block had a total population of 243,474, out of which 123,728 were males and 119,746 were females. Jamalpur block registered a population growth of 14.87 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[14] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[15]Scheduled castes at 87,575 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 37,043.[16]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Jamalpur CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Masagram (4,310), Ruppur (6,866), Nabagram (6,298), Ajhapur (8,502), Selimabad (5,491), Balarampur (5,490), Kalera (6,236), Sahhosenpur (4,209), Shura (6,384), Pranballabhpur (4,270), Abujhati (4,611), Amra (6,038), Jaugram (11,421) and Kulingram (7,730).[13]

Other villages in Jamalpur CD Block include (2011census figures in brackets): Berugram (2,520), Jotshriram (1,780), Paratal (2,189), Chak Dighi (1,833),[13]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Jamalpur CD Block was 176,756 (74.08% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 97,172 (80.62% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 79,584 (67.41% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 13.21%.[13]

As per 2001 census, Jamalpur block had a total literacy of 65.54 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 74.49 per cent female literacy was 56.35 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[17]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[8]

In 2001 Bengali was the mother-tongue of 79.9% of the population of Bardhaman district, Hindi was the mother-tongue of 10.9%, Santali 4.9%, Urdu 2.8%, Bhojpuri 0.1% and Oraon 0.1%. There were other languages spoken by small percentages. However, as of 2017, CD Block-wise/ other region-wise break-up of mother tongue is not available in census/ other official sources.[18]

Religion in Jamalpur CD Block
Hindu
  
80.88%
Muslim
  
16.85%
Christian
  
0.12%
Others
  
2.16%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 215,401 and formed 80.88% of the population in Jamalpur CD Block. Muslims numbered 44,866 and formed 16.85% of the population. Christians numbered 321 and formed 0.12% of the population. Others numbered 5,750 and formed 2.16% of the population.[19]

In Bardhaman district the percentage of Hindu population has been declining from 84.3% in 1961 to 77.9% in 2011 and the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 15.2% in 1961 to 20.7% in 2011.[20]

Rural poverty[edit]

As per poverty estimates obtained from household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Jamalpur CD Block was 28.18%.[21]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

In Jamalpur CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 17.70%, agricultural labourers 58.38%, household industry workers 3.56% and other workers 20.37%.[22]

Jamalpur CD Block is part of the area where agriculture dominates the scenario but the secondary and tertiary sectors have shown an increasing trend.[23]

Weaving and oil milling had been major occupations in the area.[24]

Infrastructure[edit]

All 123 or 100% of mouzas in Jamalpur CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[22]

All 123 mouzas in Jamalpur CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 165 fertiliser depots, 30 seed stores and 66 fair price shops in the CD Block.[22]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Jamalpur CD Block

  Bargadars (7.85%)
  Patta holders (6.11%)
  Small farmers (5.57%)
  Marginal farmers (21.68%)
  Agricultural labourers (58.80%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[25] Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture Jamalpur could be classified as follows: bargadars 7.85%, patta (document) holders 6.11%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 5.57%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 21.68% and agricultural labourers 58.80%.[22]

In 2003-04 net cropped area in Jamalpur Block was 19,062 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 19,408 hectares.[26]

In 2013-14, Jamalpur CD Block produced 3,629 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 1,280 hectares, 4,015 tonnes of Aus paddy (summer crop) from 1,517 hectares, 9,492 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 2,796 hectares, 33 tonnes of jute from 2 hectares and 317,928 tonnes of potatoes from 14,672 hectares. It also produced oilseeds.[22]

In Bardhaman district as a whole Aman paddy constituted 64.32% of the total area under paddy cultivation, while the area under Boro and Aus paddy constituted 32.87% and 2.81% respectively. The expansion of Boro paddy cultivation, with higher yield rates, was the result of expansion of irrigation system and intensive cropping.[27] In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Jamalpur CD Block was 16,278.48 hectares, out of which 14,340.40 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 781.56 hectares by river lift irrigation and 1,156.52 hectares by deep tube wells.[22]

The Eden Canal from Kanchannagar to Jamalpur was the first irrigation canal in the district. In the collectorate reports of 1904, it is recorded that the canal used to irrigate 20,000 acres of land.[28]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Jamalpur CD Block had offices of 7 commercial banks and 5 gramin banks.[22]

Transport[edit]


Howrah–Bardhaman Chord
km
Up arrowto Bardhaman-Asansol section
95 Bardhaman
88 Gangpur
83 Saktigarh
Right arrowto Howrah–Bardhaman main line
NH19-IN.svg National Highway 19
78 Palla Road
75 Chanchai
Left arrowto Bankura-Masagram line
72 Masagram
WB SH15-IND.png SH 15 Memari-Tarakeswar Road
69 Nabagram
65 Jaugram
62 Jhapandanga
58 Gurap
56 Hajigarh
52 Shibai Chandi
49 Dhaniakhali
47 Belmuri
45 Porabazar
41 Chandanpur
36 Madhusudanpur
WB SH2-IND.png State Highway 2
33 Kamarkundu
Left arrowSheoraphuli-Bishnupur line Right arrow
32 Balarambati
30 Mirzapur-Bankipur
27 Baruipara
23 Begampur
21 Janai Road
16 Gobra
15 Dankuni
NH19-IN.svg National Highway 19
NH16-IN.svg National Highway 16
12 Belanagar
7 Bally
Right arrowto Howrah–Bardhaman main line
Left arrowto Howrah-Kharagpur line
Rajbaridanga
Right arrowto Sealdah-Ranaghat line
Belur Math
5 Liluah
UpperLeft arrowto Howrah-Kharagpur line
0 Howrah

Jamalpur CD Block has 10 ferry services and 11 originating/ terminating bus routes.[22]

Howrah-Bardhaman chord passes through the CD Block and there are stations at Masagram and Nabagram.[29]

The Bankura-Mathnasipur sector of Bankura-Masagram line has been operational since 2011.[30] The line will have stations at Grammasagram, Habaspur and Gramdadpur in this CD Block.[31]

Kolkata-Delhi NH 19 (old numbering NH 2) passes through this CD Block.[32]

The Memari-Tarakeswar sector of SH 15 running from Dainhat (in Bardhaman district) to Gadiara (in Howrah district) passes through this CD Block and crosses NH 19 at Masagram.[33]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Jamalpur CD Block had 167 primary schools with 13,172 students, 7 middle schools with 677 students, 12 high schools with 7,406 students and 11 higher secondary schools with 10,619 students. Jamalpur CD Block had 1 general college with 1,234 students, 1 technical/ professional institute with 100 students, 548 institutions for special and non-formal education with 14,924 students.[22]

Jamalpur Mahavidyalaya was established at Jamalpur in 2010.[34]

Radha Gobinda B Ed Teacher Training College was established at Jhapandanga, PO Keotara.[35]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Jamalpur CD Block had 1 block primary health centre, 4 primary health centres and 3 private nursing homes with total 98 beds and 8 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 38 family welfare subcentres. 192,359 patients were treated indoor and 429,840 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[22]

Jamalpur CD Block has a block primary health centre at Jamalpur and primary health centres at Nabagram and Chakdighi.[36][37]

Jamalpur CD Block is one of the areas of Bardhaman district which is affected by a low level of arsenic contamination of ground water.[38]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori,Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, p. 547, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  2. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p369
  3. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p. 443
  4. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p. 478
  5. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p. 454
  6. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  7. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, pp. 15-18, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  8. ^ a b c "Jamal Pur Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  9. ^ "Tehsil Map of Barddhaman". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  10. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  11. ^ "District Census Handbook: Barddhaman" (PDF). Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  12. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  13. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  14. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  15. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  16. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  17. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  18. ^ "Census of India 2011: District Census Handbook Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 11: Population by Mother-tongue in Barddhaman district (1961-2001), page 51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  20. ^ "Census of Indiia 2011: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 9: Population by religion in Badhaman district (1961-2011), Page 50. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  21. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 4.2: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 94. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  23. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Block/ Sub-division wise Variation in Occupational Distribution of Workers, page 47. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  24. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p. 93, p. 663, p. 667
  25. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  26. ^ "District Human Development Report, Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 3.10, Gross Cropped Area, Net Cropped Area and Cropping Intesity of different blocks of Bardhaman district 2003-04, Page 53. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  27. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Occupational Structure, Status and levels of Livelihood, page 55. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  28. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p599
  29. ^ "36811/ Howrah Barddhaman Jn Chord Local". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  30. ^ "Before swearing-in, Didi's rail sops on track". Business Standard, 18 May 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-19. 
  31. ^ Google maps
  32. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
  33. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 
  34. ^ "Jamalpur Mahavidyalaya". JM. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  35. ^ "Radha Gobinda B Ed Teacher Training College". RGC. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  36. ^ "Bardhaman district". Medical Institutions. Bardhaman district administration. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  37. ^ "2011 District Census Handbook Bardhaman Part XII A" (PDF). Jamalpur Block Map on page 930. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  38. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Bardhaman. SOES. Retrieved 9 September 2011.