Jambi Malay

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Jambi language
Baso Jambi
Native toIndonesia
RegionJambi Province
EthnicityJambian, Batin etc.
Native speakers
1 million (2000 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3jax

Jambi (Jambi Malay: Baso Jambi, Indonesian: Bahasa Jambi) is a Malayic language spoken in Jambi province, Indonesia. It is closely related to Palembang Malay in neighbouring South Sumatra, Riau Malay in Riau Province and the surrounding islands, and Bengkulu Malay in Bengkulu Province.


There are 25 native phonemes in Jambi Malay. These native phonemes consist of 19 consonants and 6 vowels.


Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Dorsal Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Stop p  b t  d t͡ɕ  d͡ʑ k  ɡ ʔ
Fricative s ʁ h
Approximant w l j
Trill (r)


  • /p/, /t/ and /h/ are unreleased and become [], [] and [] and /k/ becomes a glottal stop [ʔ] in the syllable-final position.
  • /k/ and /ɡ/ become palatal [c] and [ɟ] and /h/ become velar [x] when they appear before the phoneme /i/.
  • /ʁ/ is pronounced as trill [r] at the end of a word.


Front Central Back
High i u
Mid e ə o
Low a


  1. ^ Jambi language at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  • Yanti; Tadmor, Uri; Cole, Peter; Hermon, Gabriella. 2015. Critò Kitò: A collection of Jambi stories in the Seberang Dialect. Jakarta: Masyarakat Linguistik Indonesia [Indonesian Linguistic Society]. ISBN 978-602-17161-3-7 [Includes word list.]
  • Żaneta Krulikowska, Nadra Nadra, & Muhammad Yusdi. (2020). Phonological Sketch of Malay Jambi Language of Sarolangun, Indonesia. Arbitrer, 7(2), 173–181. https://doi.org/10.25077/ar.7.2.173-181.2020

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