Jameh Mosque of Yazd
|Jāmeh Mosque of Yazd|
مسجد جامع یزد
مسجد جامع یزد
|Location||Yazd, Yazd Province, Iran|
The Jāmeh Mosque of Yazd (Persian: مسجد جامع یزد – Masjid-e-Jāmeh Yazd) is the grand, congregational mosque (Jāmeh) of Yazd city, within the Yazd Province of Iran. The mosque is depicted on the obverse of the Iranian 200 rials banknote.
The 12th-century mosque is still in use today. It was first built under Ala'oddoleh Garshasb of the Al-e Bouyeh dynasty. The mosque was largely rebuilt between 1324 and 1365, and is one of the outstanding 14th century buildings of Iran.
According to the historians, the mosque was constructed in the site of the Sassanid fire temple and Ala'oddoleh Garshasb commenced building the mosque. The previous mosque was constructed by order of Ala'oddoleh Kalanjar in 6th century A.H., however the main construction of the present building was done by order of "Seyyed Rokn Al-din Mohammad Qazi".
The mosque is a fine specimen of the Azari style of Persian architecture. The mosque is crowned by a pair of minarets, the highest in Iran, and the portal's facade is decorated from top to bottom in tile work, predominantly blue in colour. Within is a long arcaded courtyard where, behind a deep-set south-east iwan, is a sanctuary chamber (shabestan). This chamber, under a squat tiled dome, is exquisitely decorated with faience mosaic: its tall faience Mihrab, dated 1365, is one of the finest of its kind in existence.
The elegant patterns of brick work and the priceless inscription of mosaic tiles bearing angular kufic all create a sense of beauty. The main prayer niche, the one which is located below the dome, is decorated with elegant mosaic tiles. On the two star-shaped inlaid tiles, are the name of the builder and the time of construction of the prayer niche. The two towering minarets dating back to the Safavid era measure 52 meters in height and 6 meters in diameter.
The grand iwan of the mosque.
- "200 Rials". Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Retrieved 24 March 2009.
- Dehghan, Mohammad Hossein (2011). Yazd, A paradise in Kavir. Yazda Pblication.
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