James A. Black

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James Augustus Black
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1843 – April 3, 1848
Preceded by Isaac E. Holmes
Succeeded by Daniel Wallace
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from Abbeville District
In office
November 26, 1832 – December 19, 1835
In office
November 27, 1826 – January 30, 1828
Personal details
Born 1793
Ninety-Six District, South Carolina
Died April 3, 1848 (aged 54–55)
Washington, D.C.
Resting place Columbia, South Carolina
Political party Democratic
Profession cotton dealer
Military service
Allegiance United States United States of America
Service/branch Emblem of the United States Department of the Army.svg United States Army
Years of service 1812–1815
Rank US-O2 insignia.svg Lieutenant
Battles/wars War of 1812

James Augustus Black (1793 – April 3, 1848) was a manufacturer, cotton broker, and U.S. Representative from South Carolina.

Early life and military service[edit]

Black was born on his father's plantation in the Ninety-Six District, near Abbeville, South Carolina. He attended the common schools on his father's plantation.

Black served in the army during the War of 1812. He was appointed a second lieutenant in the Eighth Infantry on March 12, 1812. He was promoted to first lieutenant on December 2, 1813. After the war, Black was honorably discharged (June 15, 1815).

Early career and a taste for politics[edit]

Soon after returning to civilian life, Black co-founded the Kings Mountain Iron Works, which was involved in the mining of iron ore in areas near present day Cherokee Falls, South Carolina.

Black eventually moved to Georgia, settling in Savannah, where he engaged in the buying and selling of cotton. Black served as tax collector of Chatham County, Georgia for a time, before he returned to South Carolina.

Political career[edit]

This time, Black settled in Columbia, where he worked for a time as a cashier of the State Bank branch. He ran for, and twice won, a seat in the South Carolina House of Representatives, serving from 1826–1828; and again, 1832–1835.

Beginning in 1843, Black, a Democrat, was elected to three consecutive terms (the Twenty-eighth, Twenty-ninth, and Thirtieth) United States Congresses. Black was chairman of the Committee on the Militia during the Mexican–American War.

Death[edit]

Black served in Congress from March 4, 1843, until his death April 3, 1848 in Washington, D.C. while still in office. He is interred in the graveyard of the First Presbyterian Church, Columbia, South Carolina. A cenotaph in his honor was erected at the Congressional Cemetery.

Source[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Isaac E. Holmes
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 1st congressional district

1843–1848
Succeeded by
Daniel Wallace