James A. Byrne United States Courthouse
|James A. Byrne|
United States Courthouse
|Type||Federal courthouse, office|
|Location||601 Market Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States|
|Owner||General Services Administration|
|Roof||303 ft (92 m)|
|Design and construction|
The James A. Byrne United States Courthouse is a Federal courthouse in the Center City region of Philadelphia. The court houses the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit and the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. It is located at 601 Market Street between N. 6th and N. 7th Streets, next to Independence Mall. The building is named after James A. Byrne, a former Democrat in the U.S. House of Representatives.
The building, which overlooks Independence National Park, opened in late 1975, to coincide with the celebration of the Bicentennial of the Declaration of Independence. It houses a Louise Nevelson sculpture titled Bicentennial Dawn. Under the leadership of former Chief Third Circuit Judge Edward R. Becker, the main entrance and ground floor lobby were redesigned in 2004 to be more inviting and educational to the general public. After his death in 2006, the lobby, which features quotations on the importance of the right to jury trial, was dedicated to and named for Judge Becker.
Along with the adjacent William J. Green, Jr. Federal Building, the Courthouse is part of the largest Federal complex in Philadelphia, with 1.7 million gross square feet. It shares mechanical systems and an underground garage with the Green Building.
- "Third Judicial Circuit". Retrieved 2 June 2012.
- "U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Pennsylvania". Retrieved 2 June 2012.
- Philadelphia Public Art: Louise Nevelson. Philart.net. Retrieved on 2014-02-28.
- Thalacker, Donald W. (1980). The Place of Art In the World of Architecture. New York: Chelsea House. pp. 120–125. ISBN 0877540985. Thalacker was Director of the Art-In-Architecture Program of the U.S. General Services Administration.
- Third Circuit Bar Ass'n. "Third Circuit remembers Judge Becker" (PDF). Newsletter, Vol. 1, No. 1. Retrieved 4 March 2014., p.3
- Media related to James A. Byrne United States Courthouse at Wikimedia Commons
- United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
- United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania