James A. Garfield Memorial

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This article is about the memorial in Cleveland. For the memorial in Washington, D.C., see James A. Garfield Monument. For the memorial in Philadelphia, see James Garfield Memorial.
James A. Garfield Memorial
Garfield Memorial 2013-09-14 17-58-11.jpg
James A. Garfield Memorial is located in Cleveland
James A. Garfield Memorial
James A. Garfield Memorial is located in Ohio
James A. Garfield Memorial
James A. Garfield Memorial is located in the US
James A. Garfield Memorial
Location 12316 Euclid Ave. in Lake View Cemetery, Cleveland, Ohio
Coordinates 41°30′36″N 81°35′29″W / 41.51000°N 81.59139°W / 41.51000; -81.59139Coordinates: 41°30′36″N 81°35′29″W / 41.51000°N 81.59139°W / 41.51000; -81.59139
Area 0.5 acres (0.20 ha)
Built 1890
Architect George Keller; Caspar Buberl, sculptor
Architectural style Gothic, Romanesque
NRHP Reference # 73001411[1]
Added to NRHP April 11, 1973
President and Mrs. Garfield's caskets at the memorial

The James A. Garfield Memorial was built in memory of the 20th U.S. President, James A. Garfield, who was assassinated in 1881. The memorial is located at 12316 Euclid Avenue in Lake View Cemetery in Cleveland, Ohio. The country grieved for his loss almost as much as they had done for Lincoln, 16 years previously. In Washington, 100,000 plus citizens visited his casket, lying in state in the Capitol. Part of the memorial’s funding came from pennies sent in by children throughout the country.[2]

The caskets of the President and Lucretia Garfield lie in a crypt beneath the memorial, along with the ashes of their daughter and son-in-law,[3] (Mary "Mollie" Garfield Stanley-Brown (1867–1947) and Joseph Stanley-Brown).

The tomb was designed by architect George Keller utilizing Ohio sandstone, with reliefs depicting scenes from Garfield's life.[4] The exterior sculptures were done by Caspar Buberl. Its construction began in 1885, and it was dedicated on May 30, 1890. Its cost, $135,000, was defrayed by popular subscription.[5] The round tower is 50 feet (15 m) in diameter and 180 feet (55 m) high.[3] The interior features stained glass windows, mosaics, and a 12-foot (3.7 m)-tall marble statue of President Garfield by Alexander Doyle. An observation deck provides views of downtown Cleveland and Lake Erie. The monument was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973.

It is open to the public daily from April 1 through November 19 from 9am to 4pm.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ Gibbons, Thomas (April May June 2012). "Our Presidents". Cleveland Visitor. Independence OH: City Visitor Communications.  Check date values in: |date= (help);
  3. ^ a b "Garfield Monument". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Case Western Reserve University. 1998-03-27. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  4. ^ Foster, Ellsworth D.; Hughes, James Laughlin (1922). The American Educator. Ralph Durham Company. p. 853. 
  5. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1906). "Garfield Monument". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. 
  6. ^ "James A. Garfield Monument". Lake View Cemetery. Retrieved 2011-01-12. 

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