James Albert Gary

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James Gary
James Albert Gary.jpg
38th United States Postmaster General
In office
March 5, 1897 – April 21, 1898
PresidentWilliam McKinley
Preceded byWilliam Lyne Wilson
Succeeded byCharles Emory Smith
Personal details
James Albert Gary

(1833-10-22)October 22, 1833
Uncasville, Connecticut, U.S.
DiedOctober 31, 1920(1920-10-31) (aged 87)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
SpouseLavinia Washington

James Albert Gary (October 22, 1833 – October 31, 1920) was a U.S. political figure. Gary ran as the Republican candidate for Maryland Governor in 1879, losing to William Thomas Hamilton.[1] He served as the Postmaster General between 1897 and 1898. He married Lavinia Washington in 1856. They had ten children with only eight surviving to adulthood.[2] He spent much of his working life in textile manufacture in the Baltimore, Maryland, region, and was involved with cotton mills along the Patapsco and Patuxent Rivers, including Ely, Guilford, and Laurel, Maryland.

Gary’s wife, Lavinia Washington

Gary was a prominent member of Baltimore's prestigious Brown Memorial Presbyterian Church and led the movement to establish Babcock Memorial Church there in memory of Brown Memorial's minister, Maltbie Babcock.[3] He also contributed to the construction of a church in Daniels, MD, which was later named in his honor: Gary Memorial United Methodist Church.[4]

Gary had a home in the Mount Vernon section of Baltimore and a summer place in Catonsville.


  1. ^ "Maryland-Colored voters shot down and driven away from the polls". The New York Times. Baltimore. November 5, 1879. p. 5. Retrieved January 5, 2021 – via Newspapers.com.
  2. ^ "James Albert Gary Biography". Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans 1904. Archived from the original on October 22, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  3. ^ "In memory of Dr. Babcock" (PDF). The New York Times. May 24, 1901. Retrieved December 6, 2008.
  4. ^ Gary Memorial United Methodist Church; "Gmuc.org - History". Archived from the original on November 21, 2008. Retrieved May 25, 2010.

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by Republican nominee for Governor of Maryland
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by United States Postmaster General
Succeeded by