James Anderson (botanist)

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James Anderson

James Anderson FRSE (17 January 1738, Long Hermiston, Midlothian - 6 August 1809, Garden House, by Madras, India)[1] was a Scottish physician and botanist.

He was the son of Andrew Anderson, physician in Long Hermiston.[2] He studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh.[2]

He was company surgeon for the East India Company from 1786 and physician-general in Madras from 1800.[1]

He wrote about his experiences of culture in the South of India.

He published Varnish and Tallow-trees in 1791 and Culture of Bastard Cedar Trees on Coast of Coromandel in 1794. He was a member of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. William Roxburgh (1751–1815) named the genus Andersonia after him.


  1. ^ a b Waterston, Charles D; Macmillan Shearer, A (July 2006). Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783-2002: Biographical Index (PDF). I. Edinburgh: The Royal Society of Edinburgh. ISBN 978-0-902198-84-5. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Memoirs of Dr James Anderson physician at Madras", in The Bee, or Literary weekly intelligencer, Edinburgh, May 9, 1792, p. 16
  3. ^ IPNI.  Anderson. 
  • Ray Desmond (1994). Dictionary of British and Irish Botanists and Horticulturists including Plant Collectors, Flower Painters and Garden Designers. Taylor & Francis and The Natural History Museum (London). ISBN 0-85066-843-3