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James A. B. Scherer (1870–1944) served as the last President of the Throop Polytechnic Institute until its renaming to the California Institute of Technology (from 1908 to 1921). Before being asked by George Ellery Hale to serve as President of Throop, Scherer was a Lutheran minister, one of the founders of the Japan Evangelical Lutheran Church. He is responsible for the foundations of Caltech and helped bring Arthur Noyes and Robert Millikan to Caltech to complete the driving triumvirate.
- Obituary in C.I.T. News
- Judith Goodstein "Millikan's School" (1991)