James Brown Mason

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James Brown Mason
James Brown Mason.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Rhode Island's at-large district
In office
March 4, 1815 – March 3, 1819
Preceded by Elisha Reynolds Potter
Succeeded by Nathaniel Hazard
Personal details
Born (1775-01-28)January 28, 1775
Thompson, Connecticut
Died August 31, 1819(1819-08-31) (aged 44)
Providence, Rhode Island
Resting place North Burial Ground
Political party Federalist
Spouse(s) Alice Brown
Parents John Mason, Rosanna Mason
Residence Charleston, South Carolina and Providence, Rhode Island
Alma mater Brown University
Occupation Physician

James Brown Mason (1775 – August 31, 1819) was a physician and U.S. Representative from Rhode Island.


James was born in Thompson, Connecticut, in January 1775.[1] His parents were John and Rose Anna (Brown) Mason.[2] Mason pursued classical studies.[1] He was graduated from Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, in 1791.[1][2][3] He studied medicine and was admitted to practice.[1] He moved to Charleston, South Carolina, and practiced 1795–1798.[1][2]

In South Carolina, James met and married his first wife. Upon her death in 1798, he returned to Rhode Island.[2]

In Providence, Rhode Island, James engaged in mercantile pursuits 1798–1819.[1] He served as member of the State house of representatives 1804–1814 and served as speaker from February 1812 to May 1814.[1]

The Grosvenor Boys (James Brown Mason's nephews) by James Sullivan Lincoln
Dr. William Grosvenor (James Brown Mason's son in law) by George Peter Alexander Healy

James married Alice Brown (1777-1823), the youngest daughter of John Brown and Sarah (Smith) Brown, on July 16, 1800.[2] Her father was a wealthy merchant, slave trader, and statesman from Providence, Rhode Island, and a founder of Brown University. James and Alice's children were: Abby Mason, who married Nicholas Brown III (1792–1859); Sarah Brown Mason, who married first George B. Ruggles, and second Levi C. Eaton; and Rosa Anna Mason, who married William Grosvenor.[2]

Mason was elected as a Federalist to the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Congresses (March 4, 1815 – March 3, 1819).[1] He was not a candidate for renomination in 1818 to the Sixteenth Congress.[1] He served as a trustee of Brown University 1804-1819.[1][3]

Death and burial[edit]

He died in Providence, Rhode Island, August 31, 1819. He was interred in North Burial Ground.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Mason, James Brown (1775-1819)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. US Congress. Retrieved 14 August 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f The Biographical Cyclopedia of Representative Men of Rhode Island. National biographical publishing Company. 1881. p. 189. Retrieved 14 August 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Historical Catalogue of Brown University. Providence: Brown University. 1914. p. 61. Retrieved 14 August 2016. 

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Elisha R. Potter
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Rhode Island's at-large congressional district

Succeeded by
Nathaniel Hazard