James Begbie FRSE FRCPE FRCSE (1798, Edinburgh – 26 August 1869, Edinburgh) was a Scottish medical doctor who served as president of the Medico-Chirurgical Society of Edinburgh (1850–2) and as president of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (1854–6).
He was among the first physicians to give a detailed description of exophthalmic goitre, currently known as Graves disease (previously called Basedow's syndrome or Begbie's disease). He is also related to the study of Dubini's disease, the old name for myoclonic epidemic encephalitis.
His son James Warburton Begbie was also an eminent physician.
Begbie was born on 18 December 1798 in Edinburgh, and educated at the High School. Aged 14 he was apprenticed to Dr John Abercrombie (1780–1844) at 19 York Place. Later on, he also became Abercrombie's assistant.
In 1821, Begbie obtained his medical doctorate (MD) from the University of Edinburgh. In 1822, he became a fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons. In 1827 he is listed as a Governor of the Dean Orphan Hospital
In 1847, he also became a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, and became its president from 1854 up to 1856. For forty years, Begbie was a physician for the Scottish Widows Fund and Life Assurance Society 1837 to 1869.
For several years he had the honour of being Physician in Ordinary to Queen Victoria in Scotland.
- Contributions to Practical Medicine (1862)
He was married to Elizabeth Spear (1805–1874).
- James Begbie, WhoNamedIt.com.
- Waterston, Charles D; Macmillan Shearer, A (July 2006). Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002: Biographical Index (PDF). I. Edinburgh: The Royal Society of Edinburgh. p. 70. ISBN 090219884X. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
- Edinburgh and Leith Post Office Directory 1812
- Edinburgh and Leith Post Office Directory 1868-69