James Boorman Colgate
He was born in New York City and received his first training in the house of Boorman, Johnston, and Company. In 1852, he formed a partnership with John Bond Trevor and opened the banking house of Trevor and Colgate; this company dealt in stocks, securities and precious metals and regulated a large portion of the gold and paper exchange during the Civil War. He was one of the founders of the New York Gold Exchange and was for several years its president. In 1873, the firm changed its name to J. B. Colgate and Company. His extensive loans to the federal government during the financial crisis of 1873 contributed materially to the reestablishment of confidence both in the United States and the markets of Europe. As trustee of Colgate (formerly Madison) University, he for 30 years made almost annual donations to that institution, the development of which is due chiefly to his constant care and valuable advice. See: New International Encyclopedia.
Colgate is also the namesake for the town of Colgate, a small unincorporated community in Steele County, North Dakota founded in 1882. Colgate was the county's largest landowner, with 5,000 acres (20 km2) that he purchased from the Northern Pacific Railroad in 1880.
In 1844, Mr. Colgate married S. Ellen Hoyt of Utica, N.Y., by whom he had one son, William Hoyt Colgate. Ellen Colgate died in 1846 and on February 19, 1851 he remarried to Susan Farnum Colby, daughter of Gov. Anthony Colby and Mary Messinger Everett of New London, N.H. His children by the second marriage were Mary (1857-1936) and James Colby Colgate (1863-1944).
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
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