James Brown (ecologist)
James Hemphill Brown
|Alma mater||Cornell University|
University of Michigan
|Known for||Macroecology |
Metabolic theory of ecology
|Institutions||University of New Mexico|
|Doctoral advisor||Emmet T. Hooper|
|Influences||Robert H. MacArthur|
James Hemphill Brown (born 1942) is an American biologist and academic.
He is an ecologist, and as of 2001[update] a Distinguished Professor of Biology at the University of New Mexico. His work has focused on 3 distinct aspects of ecology: 1) the population and community ecology of rodents and harvester ants in the Chihuahuan Desert, 2) large-scale questions relating to the distribution of body size, abundance and geographic range of animals, leading to the development of the field of macroecology, a term that was coined in a paper Brown co-authored with Brian Maurer of Michigan State University. and 3) the Metabolic Theory of Ecology. In 2005 he was awarded the Robert H. MacArthur Award by the Ecological Society of America for his work, including his work toward a metabolic theory of ecology. Between 1969 and 2011 he was awarded over $18.4 million in grants for his research.
Education and honors
Brown received a bachelors with honors in 1963 before obtaining his PhD in 1967:
Honors James Brown has received include:
- American Association for the Advancement of Science, Fellow, 1988
- Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1995
- Eugene P. Odum Award for Education (Ecological Society of America), 2001
- Marsh Ward for Career Achievement, (British Ecological Society), 2002
- Robert H. MacArthur Award (Ecological Society of America), 2005
- Member of the National Academy of Sciences, 2005
Trained graduate students and post-docs
John F. Addicott, Andrew P. Allen, Susan Anderson, Kristina Anderson-Teixeira, Ford Ballantyne, Alison Boyer, Michael Bowers, Gregory S. Byers, Jason Bragg, Jean-Luc Cartron, Gerardo Ceballos, Charles G. Curtin, Michael Cyr, Diane Davidson, Brian J. Enquist, Kristine Ernest, S.K. Morgan Ernest, Katrin Bohning-Gaese, William Gannon, Laura Gonalez-Guzman, Thomas Gibson, James Gillooly, Deborah Goldberg, Jacob Goheen, Qinfeng Guo, Alan Harvey, Lauraine Hawkins, Robert Holmes, Richard Inouye, Dawn M. Kaufman, Douglas Kelt, S.Kathleen Lyons, Katrina Mangin, Pablo Marquet, Brian Maurer, David Mehlman, Shahroukh Mistry, Jordan Okie Jennifer Parody, Colleen Kelly, Jim Reichman, Kevin Rich, Michael Rourke, Dov Sax, Andrew Smith, Felisa Smith, Ursula Shepherd, Marian Skupski, Steven Sutherland, Robert Taylor, Katherine Thibault, Daniel Thompson, Hira Walker, Ethan P. White, Thomas Whitham, David Wright, Wenyun Zuo
In 1977 Brown, in collaboration with Diane Davidson and James Reichman, started a research project in the Chihuahuan Desert near Portal, Arizona to study competition between rodents and ants and their influence on the annual plant community.
- Brown, J.H.; Gibson, A.C. (1983). Biogeography (1st ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.
- Real, L.; Brown, J.H. (1991). Foundations of Ecology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226705941.
- Genoways, H.H.; Brown, J.H. (1993). Biology of the Heteromyidae. American Society of Mammalogists. ISBN 0935868666.
- Brown, J.H. (1995). Macroecology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226076157.
- Brown, J.H.; Lomolino, M.V. (1998). Biogeography (2nd ed.). Sunderland, MA: Sinauer.
- Brown, J.H.; West, G.B. (2000). Scaling in Biology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195131420.
- Lomolino, M.V.; Sax, D.F.; Brown, J.H. (2004). Foundations of Biogeography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226492360.
- Lomolino, M.V.; Riddle, B.R.; Brown, J.H. (2005). Biogeography (3rd ed.). Sunderland, MA: Sinauer.
- Storch, D.; Marquet, P.A.; Brown, J.H. (2007). Scaling in Biodiversity. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521876025.
- Lomolino, M.V.; Riddle, B.R.; Whittaker, R.J.; Brown, J.H. (2009). Biogeography (4th ed.). Sunderland, MA: Sinauer. ISBN 9780878934867.
- Smith, F.A.; Gittleman, J.L.; Brown, J.H. (2014). Foundations of Macroecology (1st ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226115337.
- "James Hemphill Brown Curriculum Vitae" (PDF). University of New Mexico. July 26, 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 18, 2014. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
- Brown, James H.; Maurer, Brian A. (1989). "Macroecology: the division of food and space among species on continents" (PDF). Science. 243 (4895): 1145–1150. doi:10.1126/science.243.4895.1145. PMID 17799895. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 18, 2014. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
- Brown, James H.; Gillooly, James F.; Allen, Andrew P.; Savage, Van M.; West, Geoffrey B. (2004). "Toward a metabolic theory of ecology" (PDF). Ecology. 85 (7): 1771–1789. doi:10.1890/03-9000. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 18, 2014. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
- "Eugene P. Odum Award" (PDF). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America: 17–18. 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 18, 2014. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
- Resetarits, Jr., William J.; Bernardo, Joseph (1998). Experimental Ecology: Issues and Perspectives. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-515042-2.