James Brudenell, 5th Earl of Cardigan
|The Right Honourable
The Earl of Cardigan
The Earl of Cardigan
|Keeper of the Privy Purse|
|Preceded by||Sir William Breton|
|Succeeded by||John McMahon|
|Born||20 April 1725
|Died||24 February 1811 (aged 85)
Grosvenor Square, Mayfair, London
|Spouse(s)||(1) Hon. Anne Legge
(2) Lady Elizabeth Waldegrave
|Alma mater||Oriel College, Oxford|
James Brudenell, 5th Earl of Cardigan (20 April 1725 – 24 February 1811), styled The Honourable James Brudenell until 1780 and known as The Lord Brudenell between 1780 and 1790, was a British politician and courtier.
Background and education
Brudenell was born in London, England, the second son of George Brudenell, 3rd Earl of Cardigan, by Lady Elizabeth Bruce, daughter of Thomas Bruce, 3rd Earl of Elgin. He was the brother of George Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu, the Honourable Robert Brudenell and Thomas Brudenell-Bruce, 1st Earl of Ailesbury. He was educated at Winchester College, Hampshire and matriculated at Oriel College, Oxford, from where he graduated in 1747 with a Bachelor of Arts degree.
Brudenell was Member of Parliament for Shaftesbury from 1754 to 1761, for Hastings from 1761 to 1768, for Great Bedwyn from March to November 1768 and for Marlborough 1768 to 1780. He served as Deputy Cofferer of the Household from 1755 to 1760, as Master of Robes to the Prince of Wales from 1758 to 1760, who acceded as King George III, and as Keeper of the Privy Purse from 1760 to 1811. In 1780 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Brudenell, of Deene in the County of Northampton. Ten years later he inherited the earldom of Cardigan from his brother, George Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu, the 4th Earl of Cardigan. In 1791 he was appointed Constable and Governor of Windsor Castle (succeeding his brother the Duke of Montagu), a post he held until his death.
Lord Cardigan married the Honourable Anne Legge, daughter of George Legge, Viscount Lewisham, in 1760. After her death in November 1786 he married secondly, aged 76, the 32-year-old Lady Elizabeth Waldegrave, daughter of John Waldegrave, 3rd Earl Waldegrave, in 1791. Both marriages were childless. He died at Grosvenor Square, Mayfair, London, in February 1811, aged 95. The barony of Brudenell created for him in 1780 died with him. The remaining titles passed to his nephew, Robert Brudenell, 6th Earl of Cardigan, son of Robert Brudenell. The Countess of Cardigan died at Seymour Place, Mayfair, London, in June 1823, aged 65.
- Drummond, Mary M. (1964). "BRUDENELL, Hon. James (1725-1811)". In Namier, Sir Lewis; Brooke, John. The House of Commons 1754-1790. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2015-06-14.
- thepeerage.com James Brudenell, 5th Earl of Cardigan
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 2)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 2)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 1)
- "No. 12122". The London Gazette. 26 September 1780. p. 1.
- G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910–1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume III, page 15.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Cardigan