James Brudenell, 5th Earl of Cardigan

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The Right Honourable
The Earl of Cardigan
The Earl of Cardigan
Keeper of the Privy Purse
In office
Monarch George III
Preceded by Sir William Breton
Succeeded by John McMahon
Personal details
Born 20 April 1725
London, England
Died 24 February 1811 (1811-02-25) (aged 85)
Grosvenor Square, Mayfair, London
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Spouse(s) (1) Hon. Anne Legge
(died 1786)
(2) Lady Elizabeth Waldegrave
Alma mater Oriel College, Oxford

James Brudenell, 5th Earl of Cardigan (20 April 1725 – 24 February 1811), styled The Honourable James Brudenell until 1780 and known as The Lord Brudenell between 1780 and 1790, was a British politician and courtier.[1]

Background and education[edit]

Brudenell was born in London, England, the second son of George Brudenell, 3rd Earl of Cardigan, by Lady Elizabeth Bruce, daughter of Thomas Bruce, 3rd Earl of Elgin. He was the brother of George Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu, the Honourable Robert Brudenell and Thomas Brudenell-Bruce, 1st Earl of Ailesbury. He was educated at Winchester College, Hampshire and matriculated at Oriel College, Oxford, from where he graduated in 1747 with a Bachelor of Arts degree.[2]

Public life[edit]

Brudenell was Member of Parliament for Shaftesbury from 1754 to 1761,[2][3] for Hastings from 1761 to 1768,[2][4] for Great Bedwyn from March to November 1768[2][5] and for Marlborough 1768 to 1780.[2][6] He served as Deputy Cofferer of the Household from 1755 to 1760, as Master of Robes to the Prince of Wales from 1758 to 1760, who acceded as King George III, and as Keeper of the Privy Purse from 1760 to 1811.[2] In 1780 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Brudenell, of Deene in the County of Northampton.[7] Ten years later he inherited the earldom of Cardigan from his brother, George Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu, the 4th Earl of Cardigan. In 1791 he was appointed Constable and Governor of Windsor Castle (succeeding his brother the Duke of Montagu), a post he held until his death.[2]

Personal life[edit]

Lord Cardigan married the Honourable Anne Legge, daughter of George Legge, Viscount Lewisham, in 1760. After her death in November 1786 he married secondly, aged 76, the 32-year-old Lady Elizabeth Waldegrave, daughter of John Waldegrave, 3rd Earl Waldegrave, in 1791. Both marriages were childless. He died at Grosvenor Square, Mayfair, London, in February 1811, aged 95. The barony of Brudenell created for him in 1780 died with him. The remaining titles passed to his nephew, Robert Brudenell, 6th Earl of Cardigan, son of Robert Brudenell. The Countess of Cardigan died at Seymour Place, Mayfair, London, in June 1823, aged 65.[2]


  • G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910–1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume III, page 15.

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Cuthbert Ellison
William Beckford
Member of Parliament for Shaftesbury
With: Sir Thomas Clavering, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir Gilbert Heathcote, Bt
Samuel Touchet
Preceded by
Andrew Stone
James Pelham
Member of Parliament for Hastings
With: William Ashburnham
Succeeded by
Samuel Martin
William Ashburnham
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Fludyer
William Burke
Member of Parliament for Great Bedwyn
March 1768–November 1768
With: Hon. Robert Brudenell 1768
William Burke 1768
Succeeded by
William Northey
William Burke
Preceded by
Sir James Tylney-Long, Bt
Hon. Robert Brudenell
Member of Parliament for Marlborough
With: Sir James Tylney-Long, Bt
Succeeded by
The Earl of Courtown
William Woodley
Court offices
Preceded by
Edward Finch
Master of the Robes
Succeeded by
Sir James Peachey, Bt
Preceded by
Sir William Breton
Keeper of the Privy Purse
Succeeded by
John McMahon
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Montagu
Constable and Governor of Windsor Castle
Succeeded by
The Earl of Harrington
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Brudenell
Peerage of England
Preceded by
George Montagu
Earl of Cardigan
Succeeded by
Robert Brudenell