James Brydges, 3rd Duke of Chandos

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James Brydges, 3rd Duke of Chandos PC (27 December 1731 – 29 September 1789), styled Viscount Wilton from birth until 1744 and Marquess of Carnarvon from 1744 to 1771, was a British peer and politician.

Background[edit]

Chandos was the only son of Henry Brydges, 2nd Duke of Chandos, and Lady Mary Bruce, daughter of Charles Bruce, 3rd Earl of Ailesbury.

Political career[edit]

Chandos was Member of Parliament for Winchester from 1754 to 1761 and for Radnorshire between 1761 and 1768.[1] He succeeded in the dukedom upon the death of his father on 28 November 1771.

Marriages and children[edit]

Chandos's first marriage was to Margaret Nicol (1736–1768), daughter of John Nicol, on 22 March 1753. Margaret was the owner of a famous portrait of Shakespeare, which came to be known as the Chandos portrait following the marriage. Following the death of his first wife he married Anne Eliza Gamon, daughter of Richard Gamon, on 21 June 1777. His second marriage produced the only child to survive to adulthood — Lady Anne Elizabeth Brydges (died 1836[2]),[1] who married Richard Temple-Grenville, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos. Chandos died in September 1789, aged 57, when the Dukedom became extinct. He was buried in St Lawrence Little Stanmore Whitchurch in Canons Park, London.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., volume III, page 45
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ http://www.dukesofbuckingham.org.uk/places/Whitchurch/whitchurch.htm
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Henry Penton
Paulet St John
Member of Parliament for Winchester
with Henry Penton

1754–1761
Succeeded by
Lord Harry Powlett
Henry Penton
Preceded by
Howell Gwynne
Member of Parliament for Radnorshire
1761–1768
Succeeded by
Chase Price
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Dartmouth
Lord Steward
1783–1789
Succeeded by
The Duke of Dorset
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Bolton
Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
1763–1764
Succeeded by
The Earl of Northington
Preceded by
The Earl of Northington
Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
1771–1780
Succeeded by
The Lord Rivers
Masonic offices
Preceded by
The Lord Carysfort
Grand Master of the Premier Grand Lodge of England
1754–1757
Succeeded by
Lord Aberdour
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Henry Brydges
Duke of Chandos
1771–1789
Extinct
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Henry Brydges
Baron Chandos
2nd creation
1771–1789
Dormant