|Real name||James Douglas|
|Height||6 ft 3 1⁄2 in (192 cm)|
|Reach||83 in (211 cm)|
April 7, 1960|
Columbus, Ohio, U.S.
|Wins by KO||25|
James "Buster" Douglas (born April 7, 1960) is an American former professional boxer who competed from 1981 to 1990, and 1996 to 1999. He is best known for his stunning upset of Mike Tyson on February 11, 1990 in Tokyo to win the undisputed heavyweight title. At the time Tyson was undefeated and considered to be the best boxer in the world, as well as one of the most feared heavyweight champions in history due to his domination of the division over the previous three years. The only casino to make odds for the fight (all others declining to do so as they considered the fight such a foregone conclusion) had Douglas as a 42-to-1 underdog for the fight, making his victory, in commentator Jim Lampley's words, "The biggest upset in the history of heavyweight championship fights." Douglas held the title for eight months and two weeks, losing on October 25, 1990 to Evander Holyfield via third-round knockout, in his only title defense.
The son of professional boxer William "Dynamite" Douglas, Douglas grew up in Columbus, Ohio, in the predominantly black Linden neighborhood of Windsor Terrace. He attended Linden McKinley High School, where he played football and basketball, leading Linden to a Class AAA state basketball championship in 1977. After high school, Douglas played basketball for the Coffeyville Community College Red Ravens in Coffeyville, Kansas, from 1977 to 1978; the 17-year-old was a 6'0" power forward. He is in the Coffeyville Community College Men's Basketball Hall of Fame. He also played basketball at Sinclair Community College from 1979 to 1980 in Dayton, Ohio, before attending Mercyhurst University on a basketball scholarship. He moved back to Columbus to focus on boxing. For a brief period of time during his early twenties, Douglas was known as the "Desert Fox" within the Columbus boxing community. This moniker was affixed to Douglas because of a misinterpreted encyclopedia entry regarding Douglas MacArthur and Erwin Rommel. Several friends of Buster Douglas mistakenly believed that Douglas MacArthur was known as the "Desert Fox" and subsequently addressed the future heavyweight champion as such. However, Buster Douglas distanced himself from the "Desert Fox" label no later than 1985 because of clarification from his promotional team and the concern that he might be confused with Syrian boxer Ghiath Tayfour.
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Douglas made his debut on May 31, 1981 and defeated Dan O'Malley in a four-round bout. He won his first five fights before coming into a fight with David Bey twenty pounds heavier than he usually did in his early fights. Bey knocked Douglas out in the second round to hand him his first defeat. After six more fights, all wins, Douglas fought Steffen Tangstad to a draw on October 16, 1982. He was penalized two points during the course of the fight which proved to be the difference.
After the draw Douglas beat largely journeyman fighters over the next fourteen months. Two of his wins were against Jesse Clark. Douglas fought him a total of three times and knocked him out all three times. In his last fight of 1983, Douglas was dominating opponent Mike White, but White knocked him out in the ninth round.
On November 9, Douglas was scheduled to fight heavyweight contender Trevor Berbick in Las Vegas. Berbick pulled out of the bout three days before it was scheduled and Randall "Tex" Cobb elected to take the fight in Berbick's place. Douglas defeated the former heavyweight contender by winning a majority decision. The next year, he fought up-and-coming contender Jesse Ferguson, but was beaten by majority decision.
Douglas fought three times in 1986, defeating former champion Greg Page and fringe contender David Jaco in two of the fights. This earned him a shot at the International Boxing Federation championship that Michael Spinks was stripped of for refusing to defend it. Douglas started well against Tony Tucker and was ahead on points, but he ran out of gas and was stopped in the tenth round.
After the Tucker defeat Douglas won four consecutive fights and went on to fight Trevor Berbick in 1989, winning by a unanimous decision. He followed that up with a unanimous decision victory over future heavyweight champion Oliver McCall, and earned a shot at the undisputed heavyweight championship held by Mike Tyson, who became the universally recognized champion after knocking out Spinks in one round in 1988. (Douglas fought on the undercard of the event and defeated Mike Williams by TKO in seven rounds.)
Undisputed heavyweight champion
The fight against Mike Tyson was scheduled for February 11, 1990 and took place in Tokyo at the Tokyo Dome. Almost everyone assumed that the bout was going to be another quick knockout for the champion. No challenger had taken Tyson beyond the fifth round since 1987. Many thought it was just an easy tune-up for Tyson before a future mega-fight with undefeated Evander Holyfield, who had recently moved up to heavyweight from cruiserweight where he became the first boxer to be the undisputed champion of the weight class. Douglas was given so little chance of lasting against Tyson, let alone beating him, that nearly every betting parlor in Las Vegas refused to hold odds for the fight. The one casino that did, The Mirage, made Douglas a 42-to-1 underdog.
Douglas's mother, Lula Pearl, died 23 days before the title bout. Douglas, who had trained hard, surprised the world by dominating the fight from the beginning, using his 12-inch reach advantage to perfection. He seemingly hit Tyson at will with jabs and right hands and danced out of range of Tyson's own punches. The champion had not taken Douglas seriously, expecting another quick and easy knockout victory. He was slow, refusing to move his head and slip his way in (his usual effective strategy) but rather setting his feet and throwing big, lunging hooks, repeatedly trying to beat Douglas with single punches. By the fifth round, Tyson's left eye was swelling shut from Douglas's many right jabs, and ringside HBO announcers proclaimed it was the most punishment they had ever seen the champion absorb. Larry Merchant memorably added, "Well, if Mike Tyson, who loves pigeons, was looking for a pigeon in this bout, he hasn't found him."
Tyson's cornermen appeared to be unprepared for the suddenly dire situation. They had not brought an endswell or an ice pack to the fight, so they were forced to put tap water into a latex glove to hold over Tyson's swelling eye. By the end of the fight, Tyson's eye had swollen almost completely shut. In the eighth round, Tyson landed a right uppercut that knocked Douglas down. The referee's count created controversy as Douglas was on his feet when the referee reached nine, although the official knockdown timekeeper was two seconds ahead. In the ring the final arbiter of the knockdown seconds is the referee and a comparison with Douglas's winning knockdown count issued to Tyson two rounds later revealed that both fighters had received long counts.
Tyson came out aggressively in the dramatic ninth round and continued his attempts to end the fight with one big punch hoping that Douglas was still hurt from the eighth round knockdown. Both men traded punches before Douglas connected on a multi-punch combination that staggered Tyson back to the ropes. With Tyson hurt along the ropes Douglas unleashed a vicious attack to try to finish off a dazed Tyson but, amazingly, Tyson withstood the punishment and barely survived the 9th round. In the tenth round, the severe punishment Douglas had inflicted on Tyson finally began to take its toll on the champion. Douglas dominated the round from the outset. While setting Tyson up with his jab Douglas scored a huge uppercut that snapped Tyson's head upward. He then followed with a rapid four-punch combination to the head, and knocked Tyson down for the first time in his career. Tyson struggled to his knees and picked up his mouthpiece lying on the mat next to him. He awkwardly attempted to place it back into his mouth. The image of Tyson with the mouthpiece hanging crookedly from his lips would become an enduring image from the fight. He was unable to beat the referee's count, and Douglas was the new world heavyweight champion. As Douglas said in an interview years later, “I thought Tyson was getting up until I had seen him looking for that mouth piece and then I knew that he was really hurt. So anytime you know you only got ten seconds to get up so you aren’t going to worry about anything but just getting up first. So when I had seen him looking around for that mouth piece I knew he was really hurt.” By contrast, during Douglas's knockdown two rounds earlier, Douglas showed he was ready to beat the count and continue (he bangs his fist against the canvas in frustration at having let Tyson land the crucial counterpunch, showing no signs of being seriously hurt). Douglas was clearly showing he was waiting for the referee to count to 8 before getting up.
Douglas's joy over the victory soon turned to confusion and anger as manager John Johnson informed him in the dressing room that Tyson and Don King were lodging an official protest about the referee's knockdown count in the eighth round. A week later, during an in-studio interview with HBO's Larry Merchant, Douglas admitted that the protest and the post-fight confusion ruined what should have been the best time of his life. During that interview with both fighters, Merchant asked Tyson the first four questions, infuriating Douglas's management crew, who stopped just short of walking out of the HBO studios.
Losing the title
While the IBF immediately recognized Douglas as its champion, the WBA and WBC initially refused due to Tyson's protest. However, Tyson withdrew his protest four days later amid worldwide public outcry and demands from boxing commissions around the world, and Douglas was officially recognized as undisputed heavyweight champion.
While still champion, Douglas appeared on the February 23, 1990 episode of the World Wrestling Federation's The Main Event, as special guest referee for a rematch between Hulk Hogan and "Macho Man" Randy Savage. Originally, Tyson was scheduled to be the guest referee, but following the upset, the WWF scrambled to sign on Douglas for the event. At the end of the match, Douglas was provoked into a kayfabe punch and knockout of Savage, who was the heel wrestler in the match.
The defeated Tyson clamored for a rematch and Douglas was offered more money than he had ever made for a fight. Not wanting to deal with Tyson's camp or his promoter Don King, Douglas decided to make his first defense against #1 contender Evander Holyfield, who had watched the new champion dethrone Tyson from ringside in Tokyo. Douglas went into the October 25, 1990 fight at 246 pounds, 15 pounds heavier than he was for the Tyson match and also the heaviest he had weighed in for a fight since a 1985 bout with Dion Simpson, in which he tipped the scale at just over 247 pounds.
Douglas came out rather sluggish, and was thoroughly dominated by Holyfield during the first two rounds. In the third round Douglas attempted to hit Holyfield with a hard uppercut that he telegraphed. Holyfield avoided the uppercut and knocked an off-balance Douglas to the canvas with a straight right to the chin. Douglas merely lay flat on his back, motionless and disoriented, as referee Mills Lane stopped the fight. Buster Douglas retired after that bout.
Douglas vs Holyfield was a reported $24.6 million payday for Douglas. Doing little for the next several years, Douglas gained weight, reaching nearly 400 pounds. It was only after he nearly died during a diabetic coma that he decided to attempt a return to the sport. He went back into training and made a comeback. He was successful at first, winning six straight fights, but his comeback almost came to a halt in a 1997 disqualification win over journeyman Louis Monaco. In a bizarre ending, Monaco landed a right hand, just after the bell ending round one, that knocked Douglas to the canvas. Douglas was unable to continue after a five-minute rest period and was consequently awarded the win by disqualification (on account of Monaco's illegal punch).
A fight with light-heavyweight champion Roy Jones, Jr. was touted in the late 1990s, although ultimately fell through. In 1998 Douglas was knocked out in the first round of a fight with heavyweight contender Lou Savarese. Douglas subsequently had two more fights, winning both, and retired in 1999 with a final record of 38–6–1.
Professional boxing record
|Professional record summary|
|46 fights||38 wins||6 losses|
|46||Win||38–6–1 (1)||Andre Crowder||TKO||1 (10), 1:11||Feb 19, 1999||Memorial Auditorium, Burlington, Iowa, U.S.|
|45||Win||37–6–1 (1)||Warren Williams||KO||1 (10), 2:56||Dec 12, 1998||Bank of America Centre, Boise, Idaho, U.S.|
|44||Loss||36–6–1 (1)||Lou Savarese||KO||1 (12), 2:34||Jun 25, 1998||Foxwoods Resort Casino, Ledyard, Connecticut, U.S.||For vacant IBA heavyweight title|
|43||Win||36–5–1 (1)||Quinn Navarre||TKO||4 (10), 2:25||Jul 13, 1997||Grand Casino, Biloxi, Mississippi, U.S.|
|42||Win||35–5–1 (1)||Louis Monaco||DQ||1 (10), 3:00||May 13, 1997||Grand Casino, Biloxi, Mississippi, U.S.||Monaco disqualified for hitting after the bell|
|41||Win||34–5–1 (1)||Brian Scott||KO||6 (10), 0:30||Mar 30, 1997||Mohegan Sun Arena, Montville, Connecticut, U.S.|
|40||Win||33–5–1 (1)||Dicky Ryan||UD||10||Feb 12, 1997||The Theater at Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.|
|39||Win||32–5–1 (1)||Rocky Pepeli||UD||10||Jan 10, 1997||Mohegan Sun Arena, Montville, Connecticut, U.S.|
|38||Win||31–5–1 (1)||Tony LaRosa||RTD||3 (10), 3:00||Jun 22, 1996||Etess Arena, Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S.|
|37||Loss||30–5–1 (1)||Evander Holyfield||KO||3 (12), 1:10||Oct 25, 1990||The Mirage, Paradise, Nevada, U.S.||Lost WBA, WBC, IBF, and lineal heavyweight titles|
|36||Win||30–4–1 (1)||Mike Tyson||KO||10 (12), 1:22||Feb 11, 1990||Tokyo Dome, Tokyo, Japan||Won WBA, WBC, IBF, and lineal heavyweight titles|
|35||Win||29–4–1 (1)||Oliver McCall||UD||10||Jul 21, 1989||Convention Hall, Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S.|
|34||Win||28–4–1 (1)||Trevor Berbick||UD||10||Feb 25, 1989||Las Vegas Hilton, Winchester, Nevada, U.S.|
|33||Win||27–4–1 (1)||Mike Williams||TKO||7 (10), 2:45||Jun 27, 1988||Convention Hall, Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S.|
|32||Win||26–4–1 (1)||Jerry Halstead||TKO||9 (10)||Apr 16, 1988||Las Vegas Hilton, Winchester, Nevada, U.S.|
|31||Win||25–4–1 (1)||Percell Davis||RTD||9 (10)||Feb 24, 1988||Pioneer Hall, Duluth, Minnesota, U.S.|
|30||Win||24–4–1 (1)||Donnie Long||KO||2 (10), 2:18||Nov 19, 1987||Downtown Sheraton, Columbus, Ohio, U.S.|
|29||Loss||23–4–1 (1)||Tony Tucker||TKO||10 (15), 1:36||May 30, 1987||Las Vegas Hilton, Winchester, Nevada, U.S.||For vacant IBF heavyweight title|
|28||Win||23–3–1 (1)||Dee Collier||UD||10||Sep 6, 1986||Las Vegas Hilton, Winchester, Nevada, U.S.|
|27||Win||22–3–1 (1)||David Jaco||UD||10||Apr 19, 1986||Las Vegas Hilton, Winchester, Nevada, U.S.|
|26||Win||21–3–1 (1)||Greg Page||UD||10||Jan 17, 1986||Omni Coliseum, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.|
|25||Loss||20–3–1 (1)||Jesse Ferguson||MD||10||May 9, 1985||Caesars Boardwalk Regency, Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S.|
|24||Win||20–2–1 (1)||Dion Simpson||KO||1 (8), 3:01||Mar 27, 1985||Steel Pier, Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S.|
|23||Win||19–2–1 (1)||Randall Cobb||MD||10||Nov 9, 1984||Riviera, Winchester, Nevada, U.S.|
|22||NC||18–2–1 (1)||David Starkey||NC||1 (10)||Jul 9, 1984||East Dallas Club, Columbus, Ohio, U.S.||NC after both boxers' corners stormed the ring|
|21||Loss||18–2–1||Mike White||TKO||9 (10)||Dec 17, 1983||Sands Hotel and Casino, Paradise, Nevada, U.S.|
|20||Win||18–1–1||Eugene Cato||TKO||1 (8)||Sep 28, 1983||Sands Hotel and Casino, Paradise, Nevada, U.S.|
|19||Win||17–1–1||Dave Johnson||MD||10||Jul 5, 1983||Sands Hotel and Casino, Paradise, Nevada, U.S.|
|18||Win||16–1–1||Henry Porter||TKO||2 (8), 1:36||Apr 28, 1983||Sands Hotel and Casino, Paradise, Nevada, U.S.|
|17||Win||15–1–1||Jesse Clark||KO||2 (8)||Apr 16, 1983||Catholic Central Highschool, Muskegon, Michigan, U.S.|
|16||Win||14–1–1||Leroy Diggs||TKO||7 (10)||Mar 29, 1983||Tropicana, Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S.|
|15||Win||13–1–1||Jesse Clark||KO||2 (8)||Mar 9, 1983||V.I.P. Club, Niles, Ohio, U.S.|
|14||Win||12–1–1||Tim Johnson||KO||1 (8)||Nov 20, 1982||Infinity Club, Columbus, Ohio, U.S.|
|13||Draw||11–1–1||Steffen Tangstad||UD||8||Oct 16, 1982||Bismarck Hotel, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.|
|12||Win||11–1||Mel Daniels||TKO||1 (6)||Apr 24, 1982||War Memorial Arena, Johnstown, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|11||Win||10–1||Rick Enis||MD||6||Apr 8, 1982||Sherwood Club, Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.|
|10||Win||9–1||Marvin Earle||TKO||2 (6)||Feb 15, 1982||Stan & Ollie's Lounge, Kalamazoo, Michigan, U.S.|
|9||Win||8–1||Donny Townsend||UD||6||Feb 13, 1982||Central Tech High School, Erie, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|8||Win||7–1||Hubert Adams||KO||1 (6)||Jan 23, 1982||Morgan High School, McConnelsville, Ohio, U.S.|
|7||Win||6–1||Don Johnson||TKO||3 (6)||Dec 23, 1981||Memorial Civic Center, Canton, Ohio, U.S.|
|6||Loss||5–1||David Bey||TKO||2 (4)||Nov 6, 1981||Civic Arena, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|5||Win||5–0||Jesse Clark||KO||3 (4)||Oct 23, 1981||Swayne Hall, Toledo, Ohio, U.S.|
|4||Win||4–0||Abdul Muhaymin||TKO||5 (6), 1:56||Oct 14, 1981||Tyndall Armory, Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.|
|3||Win||3–0||Mike Rodgers||TKO||3 (4)||Sep 27, 1981||Veterans Memorial Auditorium, Columbus, Ohio, U.S.||Professional debut according to some sources|
|2||Win||2–0||Mike Lear||UD||4||Jul 24, 1981||Mount Vernon Plaza, Columbus, Ohio, U.S.|
|1||Win||1–0||Dan O'Malley||TKO||3 (4)||May 31, 1981||Mount Vernon Plaza, Columbus, Ohio, U.S.||Fought with headgear, listed by some sources as an exhibition|
In the media
Douglas made his feature film acting debut in the Artie Knapp science fiction comedy film Pluto's Plight.
Douglas was the star of the video game James 'Buster' Douglas Knockout Boxing for the Sega Master System and Sega Genesis. (In reality, Sega took a pre-existing game, Final Blow, changed the name, and changed one of the character's names to Douglas'.) This game is considered as a response to Nintendo's Mike Tyson's Punch-Out!!, especially since Tyson lost to Douglas, which Sega took advantage in order to promote their early "Genesis does what Nintendon't" advertisements - an advertising campaign in which Douglas frequently participated.
Douglas is one of the few non-students to be honored by Ohio State University with the opportunity to dot the "i" during the performance of the Script Ohio by The Ohio State University Marching Band.
- List of heavyweight boxing champions
- List of undisputed boxing champions
- List of lineal boxing world champions
- "Men's Basketball Hall of Fame". Coffeyville Community College. Retrieved 25 June 2011.[dead link]
- "A changed Buster Douglas reconnects with true self". Dayton Daily News. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- Arabic Eurosport: اغتيال الملاكم السوري غياث طيفور برصاص مسلحين (in Arabic) Archived March 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Long, Bill (2007). Tyson-Douglas: The Inside Story of the Upset of the Century. Potomac Books. pp. 122–124.
- "Timeline James "Buster" Douglas". The Columbus Dispatch. 2007-06-08. Archived from the original on 2011-05-23. Retrieved 2008-05-30.
- Anderson, Dave (1990-02-12). "SPORTS OF THE TIMES; Referee's Count Is What Counts". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-02-07.
- "The Lineal Heavyweight Boxing Champs". The Cyber Boxing Zone Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2009-06-08.
- "Buster Douglas on the Tyson vs Douglas fight". boxingmemories.com. Retrieved 2011-04-18.
- Berger, Phil (1990-02-12). "Boxing Officials Could Overturn Defeat of Tyson". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
- "What They Really Meant to Say Was..." Los Angeles Times. 1990-02-14. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
- Berger, Phil (1990-02-14). "Tyson Concedes; Wants Rematch". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
- "Will He Be A Tyson Chicken?". Sports Illustrated. 1998-05-04. Archived from the original on 2008-12-08. Retrieved 2008-12-07.
- The "i"-Dot Tradition Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., OSU Marching and Athletic Bands Online
|World boxing titles|
| WBA heavyweight champion
February 11, 1990 – October 25, 1990
| WBC heavyweight champion|
February 11, 1990 – October 25, 1990
| IBF heavyweight champion|
February 11, 1990 – October 25, 1990
| Undisputed heavyweight champion|
February 11, 1990 – October 25, 1990
| Lineal heavyweight champion|
February 11, 1990 – October 25, 1990
UD12 Donald Curry
| The Ring Upset of the Year
KO10 Mike Tyson
KO8 Jeff Fenech