James Caird (politician)

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Sir James Caird KCB PC FRS (1816 – 9 February 1892) was a Scottish agricultural writer and politician.


Born at Stranraer, Caird was educated at Edinburgh High School and University of Edinburgh. He was Member of Parliament for Dartmouth from 1857–59 and for Stirling Burghs from 1859-65.

He was a free-trade farmer. In 1849, he wrote High Farming as the best Substitute for Protection. In 1850 he wrote The Plantation Scheme: Or, the West of Ireland as a Field of Investment. He toured America, and Canada.[1]

He was appointed a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1865, President of the Royal Statistical Society, 1880-2 and was made a Privy Counsellor in 1889. He was senior member of the Land Commission in 1882. He was director of the land department of the Board of Agriculture from 1889-91.[1]

He was appointed a CB in 1869 and promoted to KCB in 1882.[1]


  • English Agriculture in 1850-51 (London, 1852)
  • The Plantation Scheme; Or, the West of Ireland as a Field of Investment (Edinburgh, 1850)
  • Caird, James (1878). The Landed Interest and the Supply of Food (1 ed.). London, Paris & New York: Cassell, Petter & Galpin. Retrieved 21 August 2015. via Internet Archive



External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Herbert
Member of Parliament for Dartmouth
Succeeded by
Edward Wyndham Harrington Schenley
Preceded by
Sir James Anderson
Member of Parliament for Stirling Burghs
Succeeded by
Laurence Oliphant