James Cameron (journalist)
Cameron was born in Battersea, London, of Scottish parentage; his father, William Ernest Cameron, was a barrister who wrote novels under the pseudonym Mark Allerton. His mother was Margaret Douglas (Robertson) Cameron.
Cameron began as an office dogsbody with the Weekly News in 1935. Having worked for several Scottish newspapers and for the Daily Express in Fleet Street, he was rejected for military service in World War II. After the war, his experience of reporting on the Bikini Atoll nuclear experiments turned him into a pacifist and a founding member of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. He continued to work for the Express until 1950, after which he briefly joined Picture Post, where he and photographer Bert Hardy covered the Korean War, winning the Missouri Pictures of the Year International Award for "Inchon". Tom Hopkinson, the editor of Picture Post, lost his job as publisher when he defended the magazine's coverage of atrocities committed by South Korean troops at a concentration camp in Pusan. Cameron wrote, "I had seen Belsen, but this was worse. This terrible mob of men - convicted of nothing, un-tried, South Koreans in South Korea, suspected of being 'unreliable'." The founder of the Hulton press, Edward G. Hulton, decided to "kill" the story.
In 1952 Cameron wrote an obituary essay for The Illustrated London News, "The King Is Dead", about the death of King George VI. Cameron then spent eight years with the News Chronicle. In 1953 he visited Albert Schweitzer in Lambaréne, in French Equatorial Africa (now Gabon) and found flaws in the practices and attitudes of Schweitzer and his staff. This was the subject of The Walrus and the Terrier a BBC Radio 4 Afternoon Play by Christopher Ralling, broadcast on 7 April 2008.
In 1965, Cameron wangled his way into North Vietnam for interviews and photos (with photographer Romano Cagnoni) of Ho Chi Minh and other top leaders. His book "Here Is Your Enemy" was published in the United States, and his five-part series on North Vietnam was published in December 1965 in "The New York Times", where it was edited by journalist Anthony Lewis.
Cameron also did illustration work, especially in his early career. Working in Scotland for D. C. Thomson, he prepared drawings for sensationalist items in Thomson's publications. He rebelled when asked to draw a picture of a murdered young girl, embellishing it with excess blood and grisly detail. Called to Thomson's office, he was rebuked merely for exposing her underwear.
Cameron became a broadcaster for the BBC after the war, writing and presenting such television series as Cameron Country, and numerous single documentaries. An unusual example was Edgar Wallace: The Man Who Made His Name, a television biography of the once popular thriller writer and journalist. He was a frequent contributor to Up Sunday, a magazine show that featured him and other commentators talking to the camera about topics of interest to them. Cameron also wrote a radio play, The Pump (1973), based on his experience of open heart surgery, which won a Prix Italia award in 1973. In his last years, he wrote a column for The Guardian. Cameron wrote two volumes of autobiography: Point of Departure, a chronicle of his life, and An Indian Summer, about his relationship with India; his marriage to his third wife, Moni, originally of Indian nationality, and his serious car accident and near death in Calcutta.
Cameron's first wife, Elma, died in childbirth near the start of World War II. He later married Elizabeth (who already had a son Desmond Roderic O’Conor by a previous marriage) and then Moni; and had two children, Elma and Fergus. James Cameron died of a stroke in his sleep on 26 January 1985. He was 73.
Books by Cameron
- Touch of the Sun (1950)
- Mandarin Red (1955)
- 1914: A Portrait of the Year (1959)
- The African Revolution (1961)
- 1916: Year of Decision (1962)
- Men of Our Time (1963)
- Witness [in Vietnam] (1966)
- Point of Departure (1967) ISBN 0-85362-175-6
- What a Way to Run the Tribe (selected journalism) (1968)
- An Indian Summer: A Personal Experience of India (1974) ISBN 0-14-009569-1
- The Making of Israel (1976) ISBN 0-80085-084-X
- Wish You Were Here: The English at Play. London: Gordon Fraser, 1976. ISBN 0-900406-70-4. Introduction and commentary by Cameron, photographs by Patrick Ward).
- Yesterday's Witness (1979)
- The Best of Cameron (1981)
James Cameron Memorial Trust Award
There is an annual James Cameron Award Ceremony in London.
Previous winners include:
- 1987. David Hirst
- 1988. Michael Buerk
- 1989. Neal Ascherson
- 1990. John Simpson
- 1991. Robert Fisk & Charles Wheeler
- 1992. Bridget Kendall
- 1993. Martin Woollacott
- 1994. Ed Vulliamy
- 1995. George Alagiah
- 1996. Maggie O'Kane
- 1997. Fergal Keane
- 1998. Jonathan Steele
- 1999. Ann Leslie
- 2000. Jon Swain
- 2001. For consistently impartial reporting from Israel, Suzanne Goldenberg.
- 2002. For reporting from Africa, Chris McGreal.
- 2003. Norma Percy
- 2004. For Outstanding Journalism, John Ware.
- 2004. Special Posthumous Award, Paul Foot.
- 2005. Lindsey Hilsum
- 2006. Patrick Cockburn
- 2007. Ghaith Abdul-Ahad
- 2008. Peter Taylor
- 2009. For reporting on Barack Obama's election, Gary Younge.
- 2010. Michela Wrong & Lasantha Wickrematunge
- 2011. Alex Crawford
- 2012. Martin Wolf
- 2013. Lyse Doucet
- 2014. Luke Harding
- 2015. Jeremy Bowen
- 2016. Ian Pannell received the James Cameron Memorial Award. The Special Award went to David Walsh of The Sunday Times. The lecture was given by Gideon Rachman of the Financial Times.
From 2017 onwards, City, University of London continued to host the James Cameron Memorial Lecture, but the prize was replaced with the Eric Robbins Prize. The James Cameron Memorial Lecture was given by:
- 2017. Lyse Doucet
- Jon Halliday and Bruce Cumings. "Selections from Korea: The Unknown War". msu web. Retrieved 16 October 2014.
- James Cameron Point of Departure, 1966 , Law Book Co of Australasia, p154-74. The bulk of this passage is online here.
- The Walrus and the Terrier - programme outline
- Prix Italia, Winners 1949 - 2010, RAI Archived 22 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
- "James Cameron Memorial Lecture and Award - Award winners". City University London. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
- The Guardian, 23 June 2007, Abdul Ahad wins Cameron award
- "Guardian's Luke Harding wins prestigious James Cameron prize". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- Grover, Ed (20 October 2016). "Foreign reporting in the age of globalisation". City, University of London. City, University of London. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
- "James Cameron Memorial Lecture". City, University of London. City, University of London. Archived from the original on 29 September 2018. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
- James Cameron's World (1911-1985): A Great Journalist Lives His Calling Via the Curiosity and Talents of a Cat, ca. 41,700-word biography researched and written by David Joseph Marcou, La Crosse, WI: DigiCOPY, 2015. Cited in La Crosse Public Library Catalog -- http://encore.wrlsweb.org/iii/encore/record/C__Rb1575707__Sjames%20cameron's%20world__Orightresult__U__X8;jsessionid=65ADD33D18B8A8403320E58F1F9BC2CF?lang=eng&suite=cobalt.
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- Short Biography with excerpts from his writing
- 'Meeting Two British Journalists Who Made History,' by David J. Marcou, Published on the Great History Blog, 2009. (archived 2013)
- Another Famous James Cameron by David J. Marcou, 2009, La Crosse History Unbound