James Cameron (scientist)
James Malcolm Cameron (1930–2003) was a British forensic scientist. Cameron was born in Swansea and attended Glasgow High School. Thus he was known to all as 'Taffy Cameron'. After graduating from the University of Glasgow, he held appointments in general medicine, general surgery, orthopaedic surgery and paediatric orthopaedics, before specialising in pathology with a special interest in forensic pathology. He joined the London Hospital Medical College as a lecturer in 1963. He progressed to senior lecturer in 1965 and reader from 1970. He was also a senior lecturer at St Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College from 1971. He succeeded Francis Camps to the Chair of Forensic Medicine in 1973 which he occupied until his retirement in 1992.
Cameron was involved in many high profile investigations, including the death of Rudolf Hess in Spandau Prison in his capacity as Senior Honorary Consultant in Forensic Medicine to the Armed Forces. He was also a leading prosecution witness in the infamous Maxwell Confait murder case of 1972 in which his subsequently discredited time of death led to the wrongful conviction of three young men that had huge ramifications ultimately leading to a Royal Commission on Criminal Procedure. His testimony at the Lindy Chamberlain trial in 1982 assisted her wrongful conviction for the murder of her baby daughter Azaria. The conviction was, however, overturned in 1988; the evidence had evolved, and Cameron's earlier assessment of it was accepted as mistaken. Thus, his conclusions were criticised by Chief Justice Asche in his opinion in "Re Conviction of Chamberlain" (1988).
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