James Camp Tappan

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James Camp Tappan
James C. Tappan.jpg
Member of the Arkansas House of Representatives
In office
1850–1851
1897–1900
Speaker of the Arkansas House of Representatives
In office
1897–1899
Preceded by John C. Colquitt
Succeeded by A. F. Vandeventer
Personal details
Born (1825-09-09)September 9, 1825
Franklin, Tennessee
Died March 19, 1906(1906-03-19) (aged 80)
Helena, Arkansas
Political party Democratic
Residence Phillips County, Arkansas
Military service
Allegiance  Confederate States of America
Service/branch Confederate States Army
Years of service 1861–1865
Rank Brigadier-General
Battles/wars American Civil War

James Camp Tappan (September 9, 1825 – March 19, 1906) was a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.

Early years[edit]

James C. Tappan was born in Franklin, Tennessee, where his parents had migrated from Newburyport, Massachusetts. Tappan attended Phillips Exeter Academy in Exeter, New Hampshire, and graduated from Yale University in 1845. Tappan studied law at Vicksburg, Mississippi, and was admitted to the bar in 1846.

Tappan soon moved to Helena in Phillips County, Arkansas. He was elected to two terms in the Arkansas legislature and served as a circuit court judge.

Civil War[edit]

At the outbreak of the Civil War, Tappan's sympathies lay with the Confederate cause (despite his Northern parents), and he joined the Confederate army. In May 1861 he received a commission as Colonel of the 13th Arkansas Infantry

Tappan commanded his regiment at the Battle of Belmont and made repeated charges on the "Hornet's Nest" at the Battle of Shiloh. After Shiloh, Tappan took part in the Kentucky Campaign and fought at the Battle of Richmond and the Battle of Perryville.

On November 5, 1862, Tappan received his commission as a brigadier general and was transferred to the Trans-Mississippi Department under General Sterling Price. Tappan commanded his brigade at the Battle of Pleasant Hill in Louisiana, defending against Maj. Gen. Nathaniel Banks' Red River Campaign of 1864. After the fight at Pleasant Hill, Tappan's brigade was moved northward back into Arkansas to meet General Frederick Steele at the Battle of Jenkins' Ferry. Tappan and his brigade also took part in Price's Missouri Raid.

Postbellum career[edit]

After the war, Tappan returned to Helena, Arkansas, and resumed his law practice, where he established himself as the dean of the Arkansas bar. Tappan also engaged in politics after the Reconstruction period and served again in the Arkansas legislature. Tappan was nominated by the Democratic party for Governor of Arkansas on two occasions but declined to run.

James Camp Tappan died in Helena. He is buried at Maple Hill Cemetery in Helena near the graves of fellow Confederate generals Thomas C. Hindman and Patrick Cleburne.

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