James Cecil, 1st Marquess of Salisbury

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The Marquess of Salisbury

Lord Chamberlain
In office
MonarchGeorge III
Prime Minister
Preceded byThe Earl of Hertford
Succeeded byThe Earl of Dartmouth
Postmaster General
In office
Prime MinisterThe Earl of Liverpool
Preceded by
Succeeded byThe Earl of Chichester
Personal details
Born4 September 1748 (1748-09-04)
Died13 June 1823(1823-06-13) (aged 74)
(m. 1773)
Shield of arms of James Cecil, 1st Marquess of Salisbury, KG, PC
Arms: Barry of ten argent and azure over all six escutcheons sable three, two, and one, each charged with a lion rampant of the first, crescent for difference.

James Cecil, 1st Marquess of Salisbury, KG PC (4 September 1748 – 13 June 1823), styled Viscount Cranborne until 1780 and known as The Earl of Salisbury between 1780 and 1789, was a British nobleman and politician.


Salisbury was the son of James Cecil, 6th Earl of Salisbury, and Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Keat.[1]

Political career[edit]

Lord Salisbury (in the front) with George III and Charlotte Sophia of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

Salisbury was returned to Parliament for Great Bedwyn in 1774, a seat he held until 1780, and briefly represented Launceston and Plympton Erle in 1780. In the latter year he succeeded his father in the earldom of Salisbury and entered the House of Lords. He served under Lord North as Treasurer of the Household between 1780 and 1782 and under William Pitt the Younger and then Henry Addington as Lord Chamberlain of the Household between 1783 and 1804. He was admitted to the Privy Council in 1780[2] and created Marquess of Salisbury, in the County of Wiltshire, in 1789.[3] He later served as Joint Postmaster General under Lord Liverpool from 1816 to 1823. He also held the honorary post of Lord Lieutenant of Hertfordshire between 1771 and 1823. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1793.


Lord Salisbury married Lady Emily Mary, daughter of Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, on 2 December 1773. She became known as a sportswoman and influential society hostess. The couple had four children:

Lord Salisbury died in June 1823, aged 74, and was succeeded by his only son, James. The Marchioness of Salisbury died in a fire at Hatfield House in November 1835.[4]


  1. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "thepeerage.com James Cecil, 1st Marquess of Salisbury". The Peerage.[unreliable source]
  2. ^ "No. 12122". The London Gazette. 26 September 1780. p. 1.
  3. ^ "No. 13123". The London Gazette. 15 August 1789. p. 550.
  4. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "thepeerage.com James Cecil, 1st Marquess of Salisbury". The Peerage.[unreliable source]


Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
The Earl of Courtown
Paul Methuen
Member of Parliament for Great Bedwyn
With: Paul Methuen
Succeeded by
Paul Methuen
Merrick Burrell
Preceded by
Humphry Morice
John Buller
Member of Parliament for Launceston
With: Thomas Bowlby
Succeeded by
Thomas Bowlby
Charles Perceval
Preceded by
John Durand
William Fullarton
Member of Parliament for Plympton Erle
With: Sir Ralph Payne
Succeeded by
Sir Ralph Payne
James Archibald Stuart
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Onslow
Treasurer of the Household
1780 – 1782
Succeeded by
The Earl of Effingham
Preceded by
The Earl of Hertford
Lord Chamberlain
1783 – 1804
Succeeded by
The Earl of Dartmouth
Preceded by
The Earl of Chichester
The Earl of Clancarty
1816 – 1823
With: The Earl of Chichester
Succeeded by
The Earl of Chichester
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Essex
Lord Lieutenant of Hertfordshire
1771 – 1823
Succeeded by
The Earl of Verulam
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Marquess of Salisbury
1789 – 1823
Succeeded by
James Gascoyne-Cecil
Peerage of England
Preceded by
James Cecil
Earl of Salisbury
1780 – 1823
Succeeded by
James Gascoyne-Cecil