Chuter Ede

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Chuter-Ede
CH PC JP DL
James Chuter Ede (minister van Binnenlandse Zaken (Home Secretary)), Bestanddeelnr 900-7223.jpg
Leader of the House of Commons
In office
16 March 1951 – 26 October 1951
Prime MinisterClement Attlee
Preceded byHerbert Morrison
Succeeded byHarry Crookshank
Home Secretary
In office
3 August 1945 – 26 October 1951
Prime MinisterClement Attlee
Preceded bySir Donald Somervell
Succeeded bySir David Maxwell Fyfe
Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education
In office
15 May 1940 – 13 August 1944
PresidentHerwald Ramsbotham
Rab Butler
Preceded byKenneth Lindsay
Succeeded byOffice Abolished
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Education
In office
13 August 1944 – 23 May 1945
MinisterRab Butler
Preceded byOffice Created
Succeeded byThelma Cazalet-Keir
Member of Parliament
for South Shields
In office
14 November 1935 – 15 October 1964
Preceded byHarcourt Johnstone
Succeeded byArthur Blenkinsop
In office
30 May 1929 – 27 October 1931
Preceded byEdward Harney
Succeeded byHarcourt Johnstone
Member of Parliament
for Mitcham
In office
3 March 1923 – 6 December 1923
Preceded byThomas Worsfold
Succeeded byRichard James Meller
Personal details
Born(1882-09-11)11 September 1882
Epsom, Surrey
Died(1965-11-11)11 November 1965 (aged 83)
Ewell, Surrey
NationalityBritish
Political partyLabour
Spouse(s)Lilian Williams (d. 1948)
Alma materChrist's College, Cambridge

James Chuter Ede, Baron Chuter-Ede, CH, PC, JP, DL (11 September 1882 – 11 November 1965) was a British teacher, trade unionist and Labour politician. He served as Home Secretary under Prime Minister Clement Attlee from 1945 to 1951, becoming the longest-serving Home Secretary of the 20th century.

Early life[edit]

Chuter Ede was born in Epsom, Surrey, the son of James Ede, a shopkeeper of Unitarian religious convictions, and his wife Agnes Mary (née Chuter). He was educated at Epsom National School, Dorking High School for Boys, Battersea Pupil Teachers' Centre, and Christ's College, Cambridge, where he studied natural sciences. He then worked as a teacher, becoming an assistant master at a council elementary school in Mortlake (1905–1914).[1] During the First World War he served in the East Surrey Regiment and Royal Engineers, reaching the rank of Acting Regimental Sergeant Major. After the war he was active within the National Union of Teachers.

Political career[edit]

He was a member between 1920 and 1927 of Epsom Urban District Council and Surrey County Council and was charter mayor of Epsom and Ewell in 1937.

After fighting Epsom in 1918, he was first elected to the House of Commons as Member of Parliament (MP) for Mitcham, at a by-election in March 1923. However, he lost the seat in December at the 1923 general election. He returned to Parliament at the 1929 general election, for the Tyneside seat of South Shields, but was defeated again at the 1931 election. He was re-elected at the 1935 general election, and held the seat until his retirement from the Commons at the 1964 general election.

In the wartime coalition he held junior ministerial office as Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education. He was Home Secretary in the 1945 Labour government of Clement Attlee, and concurrently Leader of the House of Commons in 1951. He was closely involved in the drafting of the Butler Education Act and the Criminal Justice Act 1948, and established the Lynskey tribunal under Sir George Lynskey in 1948 to investigate allegation of corruption among ministers and civil servants. In 1964 he left the Commons and was created a life peer as Baron Chuter-Ede, of Epsom in the County of Surrey.

Family[edit]

Chuter Ede married Lilian Mary, daughter of Richard Williams, in 1917. She died in 1948. Lord Chuter-Ede survived her by 17 years and died at Ewell, Surrey, in November 1965, aged 83. Chuter Ede Education Centre in South Shields is named after him. It was formerly a comprehensive school.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jeffreys, Kevin, "Ede, James Chuter Chuter-, Baron Chuter-Ede (1882–1965)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edition, January 2008. Retrieved 19 April 2018 (subscription required)

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Thomas Cato Worsfold
Member of Parliament for Mitcham
1923
Succeeded by
Sir Richard James Meller
Preceded by
Edward Augustine St Aubyn Harney
Member of Parliament for South Shields
1929–1931
Succeeded by
Harcourt Johnstone
Preceded by
Harcourt Johnstone
Member of Parliament for South Shields
1935–1964
Succeeded by
Arthur Blenkinsop
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Donald Somervell
Home Secretary
1945–1951
Succeeded by
Sir David Maxwell Fyfe
Preceded by
Herbert Morrison
Leader of the House of Commons
1951
Succeeded by
Harry Crookshank