James Cornwallis, 4th Earl Cornwallis

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The Earl Cornwallis

Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry
Bp James 4th Earl Cornwallis.jpg
DioceseDiocese of Lichfield and Coventry
In office1781–1824
PredecessorRichard Hurd
SuccessorHenry Ryder
Personal details
Born(1743-02-25)25 February 1743
Died20 January 1824(1824-01-20) (aged 80)
NationalityBritish
DenominationAnglican
SpouseCatherine Mann
ChildrenJames Mann, 5th Earl Cornwallis
EducationEton College
Alma materChrist Church, Oxford

James Cornwallis, 4th Earl Cornwallis (25 February 1743 – 20 January 1824) was a British clergyman, and peer.

Life[edit]

He was the third son of Charles Cornwallis, 1st Earl Cornwallis and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of the 2nd Viscount Townshend, and niece of Sir Robert Walpole. His uncle, Frederick, was Archbishop of Canterbury. Frederick's twin brother, Edward, was a military officer, colonial governor, and founder of Halifax, Nova Scotia. James's brother William was an Admiral in the Royal Navy. His other brother, Charles Cornwallis, was the general of the American Revolutionary War.

Cornwallis was educated at Eton College, proceeding in 1760 to Christ Church, Oxford. He was subsequently a Fellow of Merton College, Oxford.

He was Rector of Ickham from 1769–73, of Addisham-with-Staple from 1770–81, of Newington in 1770, Prebendary of Westminster Abbey from 1770–85, Vicar of Wrotham from 1771–85, Rector of Boughton Malherbe from 1773–85 and Dean of Canterbury from 1775-81. In 1774-75 he served as Master's Mate aboard HMS Pallas, which was under the command of his brother William and stationed off the west African coast.[1]

In 1781 Cornwallis was appointed Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry and was Dean of Windsor from 1791–94 and Dean of Durham from 1794 before dying in office in 1824.

Family[edit]

On 30 April 1771 Cornwallis married Catherine Mann, a sister of Sir Horatio Mann, 2nd Baronet, and they had one child, James. In 1814, he inherited Sir Horatio's estate at Linton Park. In 1823 he inherited the earldom of Cornwallis from his nephew, Charles Cornwallis, 2nd Marquess Cornwallis but held the title for less than a year, when it passed to his son.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quarm, Roger (1995). "An Album of Drawings by Gabriel Bray RN, HMS Pallas 1774-75". The Mariner's Mirror. 81 (1): 41. doi:10.1080/00253359.1995.10656531.
Religious titles
Preceded by
John Moore
Dean of Canterbury
1775–1781
Succeeded by
George Horne
Preceded by
Richard Hurd
Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry
1781–1824
Succeeded by
Henry Ryder
Preceded by
John Douglas
Dean of Windsor
1791–1794
Succeeded by
Charles Manners-Sutton
Preceded by
John Hinchcliffe
Dean of Durham
1794–1824
Succeeded by
Charles Hall
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Charles Cornwallis
Earl Cornwallis
1823–1824
Succeeded by
James Cornwallis