James Craig (actor)

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James Craig
James Craig in Boys Ranch trailer.jpg
Craig in Boys' Ranch (1946)
Born James Henry Meador
(1912-02-04)February 4, 1912
Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.
Died June 27, 1985(1985-06-27) (aged 73)
Santa Ana, California, U.S.
Other names James Mead
Occupation Film actor
Years active 1937–1972
Spouse(s) Sumie Jassi (1969–1980)
Jill Jarmyn (1959–1962) (divorced)
Mary June Ray (?-?)
Children 3

James Craig (born James Henry Meador,[1] February 4, 1912 – June 27, 1985) was an American actor. He is best known for appearances in films like Kitty Foyle and The Devil and Daniel Webster, and his stint as a leading man at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in the 1940s where he appeared in films like The Human Comedy.

Biography[edit]

He was born in Nashville Tennessee and studied at the Rice Institute, planning a career in medicine. After graduation he worked for a time as a professional footballer, and a debt collector. A visit to Hollywood made him decide to become an actor. He returned home and worked in little theatre for a year, then went back to Hollywood. He did a screen test for Paramount who offered him a contract.[2][3]

Paramount[edit]

He began appearing in films at Paramount, originally using the name James Mead.[4] He most often was seen in B-movies and serials. His early credits included Sophie Lang Goes West (1937), This Way Please (1937), Thunder Trail (1937), Born to the West (1937), The Buccaneer (1938), The Big Broadcast of 1938 (1938), and Swing, Teacher, Swing (1938).[5] He was in Pride of the West (1938).

Craig left Hollywood and went to New York. He appeared on Broadway in Missouri Legend (1938), which re-ignited Hollywood interest in him.[6][7]

Columbia[edit]

Craig tested for the role of Rhett Butler in Gone with the Wind and had the lead in North of Shanghai (1939) for Columbia.[8]

He was in The Lone Wolf's Daughter (1939) and the serial Flying G-Men (1939). He was in Blondie Meets the Boss (1939), Romance of the Redwoods (1939), Blind Alley (1939), Outside These Walls (1939), and Missing Daughters (1939). He was in a Buster Keaton short, Pest from the West (1939), then Good Girls Go to Paris (1939) and the serial Overland with Kit Carson (1939). He did a short with Andy Clyde, Trouble Finds Andy Clyde (1939), then Behind Prison Gates (1939), The Man They Could Not Hang (1939), and Konga (1939).

Craig was in some Charley Chase shorts, Skinny the Moocher (1939) and Static in the Attic (1939). After A Woman Is the Judge (1939) he appeared in the Three Stooges film Oily to Bed, Oily to Rise. Craig followed this with Taming of the West (1939), Scandal Sheet (1939), Forestalled (1939), and Cafe Hostess (1940).[9]

Universal[edit]

Craig signed with Universal in November 1939. The studio announced they wanted to build him into a leading man.[10] He had a support role in Black Friday (1940), then he did The House Across the Bay (1940) for Walter Wanger.

He returned to Universal for Zanzibar (1940) where he had the male lead. He was down the cast list for Secret Enemy (1940), and the serial Winners of the West (1940) but had a lead part in South to Karanga (1940). Craig had smaller parts in I'm Nobody's Sweetheart Now (1940), Seven Sinners (1940), and Lucky Ralston (1940).

RKO[edit]

Craig's big break happened when RKO bought out his contract with Universal to play one of Ginger Rogers' suitors in Kitty Foyle (1940).[11][12] This was a big hit.[13]

RKO gave him the romantic lead in Unexpected Uncle (1941) and he played a New Hampshire farmer who sells his soul in All That Money Can Buy, also titled The Devil and Daniel Webster (1941), with Walter Huston and Edward Arnold.

He appeared with Lucille Ball in an RKO Western, Valley of the Sun (1942). Edward Small cast him in Friendly Enemies (1942), supporting Charles Ruggles and Charles Winninger.

MGM[edit]

Louis B. Mayer, head of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, thought Craig resembled the studio's most popular male star Clark Gable. Mayer signed Craig to a seven-year contract to potentially fill in for Gable when he enlisted in the United States Army Air Forces.[14]

MGM started off Craig as the lead in some B Westerns, The Omaha Trail (1942) and Northwest Rangers (1942). The latter was a remake of Manhattan Melodrama with Craig playing the role played by Gable in the original.[15] Both films lost money.[16]

Craig went back to RKO for Seven Miles from Alcatraz (1942) then did a naval propaganda short, Freedom Comes High.

MGM launched Craig as a star in The Human Comedy (1943), which was a massive success.[17] He was Ann Sothern's love interest in Swing Shift Maisie (1943) and supported Margaret O'Brien in Lost Angel (1943).

In 1944, Craig co-starred with William Powell and Hedy Lamarr in The Heavenly Body. That year exhibitors voted him the second most likely to be a "star of tomorrow".[18]

Craig supported Ronald Colman in Kismet (1944), and Lana Turner in Marriage Is a Private Affair (1944); the latter was a big hit.[16] Craig was given the star role in Gentle Annie (1945) and Dangerous Partners (1945); he was reunited with O'Brien in Our Vines Have Tender Grapes (1945).

Craig starred in She Went to the Races (1945), and two with Butch Jenkins, Boys' Ranch (1946) and Little Mister Jim (1947), which both lost money.[16] Craig replaced Van Johnson in the Dr Kildare series.[19] The film, Dark Delusion (1947) lost money.

Craig was loaned out to be in The Man from Texas (1948). Eagle Lion borrowed him for Northwest Stampede (1948) then he went back to MGM to play the villain in Side Street (1949). It flopped as did A Lady Without Passport (1950), where Craig supported Lamarr and John Hodiak, and The Strip (1951) with Mickey Rooney.

Craig had the lead in a Western, Drums in the Deep South (1951) for the King Brothers and RKO. He supported Yvonne de Carlo in Hurricane Smith (1952). He wrote the script for the Western Scorching Fury (1952). The Los Angeles Times noted that Craig's MGM contract "seems to go on and on... notwithstanding he only seems to appear in the company's films at well-spaced intervals."[20]

Walter Wanger gave him the lead in Fort Vengeance (1953). He supported in Code Two (1953) for MGM. In 1953 his $2,500 a week contract with MGM ended.[21]

Later career[edit]

Craig began appearing on TV in "The Westerner" for Chevron Theatre and Studio 57 and "Wedding March" for Ford Television Theatre. He did "Dead Reckoning" for Science Fiction Theatre (1955).

Craig returned to features with Last of the Desperados (1955), where he had the lead, and While the City Sleeps (1956), which he had a support role. He could be seen in starring roles in B films like The Women of Pitcairn Island (1956),[22] Shoot-Out at Medicine Bend (1957) with Randolph Scott, The Persuader (1957), The Cyclops (1957) for Bert I. Gordon, Naked in the Sun (1957), Ghost Diver (1957), Man or Gun (1958) and Four Fast Guns (1960).

He guest starred on shows like The Millionaire (1956), Broken Arrow (1957), Have Gun - Will Travel (1958), Colgate Theatre (1958), Death Valley Days (1960), and Tales of Wells Fargo (1962).

B Films[edit]

Craig went to Japan for The Revenge of Doctor X (1967), also known as Venus Flytrap. He had support roles in Hostile Guns (1967), Fort Utah (1967) and Arizona Bushwhackers (1968) and guest starred in Daniel Boone, Custer, and The Virginian

Craig could also be seen in The Devil's Brigade (1968), If He Hollers, Let Him Go! (1968), Bigfoot (1970), and The Tormentors (1971).

Both his last film and television performance came in 1972: he played Dr. Hainer in the sci-fi movie Doomsday Machine and John Rodman on The ABC Afternoon Playbreak episode "This Child Is Mine".

Personal life[edit]

Craig was married to Mary June Ray (from 1939 to 1954),[23] Jill Jarman (married 1963, divorced 1963[24]), and Sumie Jassi; each union ended in divorce.

Craig's first wife claimed he hit her.[25] In 1963, a judge issued an arrest warrant to Craig for refusing to attend a divorce hearing involving his second wife Jane. He turned himself in and successfully argued his release. Jane alleged he had broken into their home, beaten her and cut up her clothes; she also alleged he had a problem with drinking.[26][27] In 1967 Jane killed her eleven year old son by a previous marriage, then committed suicide.[28]

Craig had two sons, Robert and James Jr., and a daughter; one of the sons predeceased him.

During his 1954 divorce hearing, Craig revealed he made money from a variety of sources in addition to acting, including race horses, a cafe, a chicken ranch and carpentry.[21]

After retiring from acting in 1972, Craig became a real estate agent.[29]

Death[edit]

Craig died of lung cancer at Western Medical Center in Tustin, California, in 1985. He was 74. He was survived by three children and four grandchildren.[4]

Partial filmography[edit]

Radio appearances[edit]

Year Program Episode/source
1943 Lady Esther Screen Guild Theatre Men in White[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Room, Adrian (2012). Dictionary of Pseudonyms: 13,000 Assumed Names and Their Origins, 5th ed. McFarland. p. 121. ISBN 9780786457632. Retrieved 6 November 2017. 
  2. ^ Mayer, Geoff (2017). Encyclopedia of American Film Serials. McFarland. p. 81. ISBN 9781476627199. Retrieved 6 November 2017. 
  3. ^ The life story of JAMES CRAIG. (1953, Aug 29). Picture show, 61, 12. Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/1879642350?accountid=13902
  4. ^ a b "James Craig, Actor, 74, Dies; Once Called Gable Successor". The New York Times. Associated Press. July 10, 1985. Archived from the original on 6 November 2017. Retrieved 6 November 2017. 
  5. ^ Scott, J. (1937, Aug 01). HUNDRED HOPEFUL NEWCOMERS PURSUE WILL-O'-WISP OF FILM FAME. Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/164755619?accountid=13902
  6. ^ "Missouri Legend-Cast". Playbill. Archived from the original on 6 November 2017. Retrieved 6 November 2017. 
  7. ^ "JAMES CRAIG". The World's News (2056). New South Wales, Australia. 3 May 1941. p. 10. Retrieved 16 November 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  8. ^ "James Craig New Threat to Hollywood He-Men". Sunday Times (Perth) (2178). Western Australia. 22 October 1939. p. 22. Retrieved 16 November 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  9. ^ Special to The New York Times. (1938, Oct 12). SCREEN NEWS HERE AND IN HOLLYWOOD. New York Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/102330715?accountid=13902
  10. ^ Schallert, E. (1939, Nov 30). DRAMA. Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/164990947?accountid=13902
  11. ^ "He rises to stardom in "Kitty Foyle"". The Australian Women's Weekly. 8, (42). Australia, Australia. 22 March 1941. p. 22 (The Movie World). Retrieved 16 November 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  12. ^ By DOUGLAS W CHURCHILL Special to The New York Times. (1940, Sep 12). SCREEN NEWS HERE AND IN HOLLYWOOD. New York Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/105107106?accountid=13902
  13. ^ Jewell, Richard B.; Harbin, Vernon (1982). The RKO Story. New York: Arlington House. ISBN 9780517546567. 
  14. ^ Services, From Times Wire (9 July 1985). "James Craig, Once Billed as 2nd Gable, Dies". Retrieved 14 August 2016 – via LA Times. 
  15. ^ SCREEN. (1942, Jun 23). Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/165334671?accountid=13902
  16. ^ a b c The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study 
  17. ^ "Top Grossers of the Season", Variety, 5 January 1944 p 54
  18. ^ "Saga of the High Seas". The Mercury (Hobart, Tasmania: 1860–1954). Hobart, Tasmania: National Library of Australia. 11 November 1944. p. 9. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  19. ^ Special to The New York Times. (1946, Oct 11). CRAIG TO REPLACE JOHNSON IN ROLE. New York Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/107417357?accountid=13902
  20. ^ Schallert, E. (1952, Aug 07). Drama. Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/166328890?accountid=13902
  21. ^ a b Mrs. james craig given $475 a month alimony. (1954, Nov 04). Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/166696084?accountid=13902
  22. ^ Schallert, E. (1956, Aug 09). Drama. Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/166990363?accountid=13902
  23. ^ Actor james craig's wife seeks divorce. (1954, Sep 04). Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/166673068?accountid=13902
  24. ^ Mrs. james craig files for divorce. (1963, Jun 26). Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/168329185?accountid=13902
  25. ^ "Story ending unhappily". The Courier-mail (4326). Queensland, Australia. 7 October 1950. p. 4. Retrieved 16 November 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  26. ^ Craig gives up, promises to enter hospital. (1963, Nov 21). Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/168449838?accountid=13902
  27. ^ Link broke but not love. (1963, Nov 20). Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/168444081?accountid=13902
  28. ^ EX-WIFE OF ACTOR CRAIG FATALLY SHOOTS SELF, SON. (1967, May 30). Chicago Tribune (1963–Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/179177242?accountid=13902
  29. ^ "Actor James Craig, once touted as a successor to ..." UPI Archives. July 9, 1985. Archived from the original on 6 November 2017. Retrieved 6 November 2017. 
  30. ^ "Allbritton, Louise". radioGOLDINdex. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 

External links[edit]