James Cullen Martin

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James Cullen Martin
JC Martin 1991.jpg
JC Martin in Tokyo, Japan,
December 19, 1991
Born (1928-01-14)January 14, 1928
Dover, Tennessee, United States
Died April 20, 1999(1999-04-20) (aged 71)
Tampa, Florida, United States
Nationality American
Alma mater Vanderbilt University, MS 1952
Harvard University PhD 1956
Known for Dess–Martin periodinane
Awards Alexander von Humboldt Prize
Scientific career
Institutions University of Illinois 1956–1985
Vanderbilt University 1985–1992
Doctoral advisor Paul Doughty Bartlett

James Cullen Martin (January 14, 1928 – April 20, 1999) was an American chemist. He specialized in organic chemistry and main group element chemistry with an emphasis on physical organic chemistry. Professor Martin is best known for his work on bonding of main group elements. He is responsible for the hexafluorocumyl alcohol derived "Martin" bidentate ligand and a tridentate analog. With his doctoral student Daniel Benjamin Dess he invented the Dess–Martin periodinane that is used for selective oxidation of alcohols. He is also known for the creation of the Martin sulfurane. His later work included studies of the hexaiodobenzene dication that shows σ-delocalization ("aromaticity") between the iodine atoms.

In 1983, Prof. Martin served as Chair of the Organic division of the American Chemical Society.[1]


  1. ^ ACS Organic Division Archive. – Retrieved 2010-12-28.