|Born||Gilfortrigs, Skelsmergh, Westmorland, England|
|Died||19 April 1601, Tyburn, Middlesex, England|
|Means of martyrdom||Hanged|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||15 December 1929, by Pope Pius XI|
James Duckett (died 19 April 1601) was an English Catholic layman and martyr.
Born at Gilfortrigs in the parish of Skelsmergh in Westmorland at an unknown date, Duckett became a bookseller and publisher in London. Brought up a Protestant, he was converted by a book: a friend of his, Peter Mauson lent him The Foundation of the Catholic Religion while Duckett was serving his apprenticeship in London, and he decided to become a Catholic. Earlier he had twice been imprisoned in Bridewell for not attending the Protestant services. Both times his employer interceded and got him freed. But then the employer asked James to find a job elsewhere.
He was received into the Catholic Church by an old priest named Weekes who was imprisoned in the Gatehouse at Westminster. Two or three years later, about 1590, he married a Catholic widow, but out of his twelve years of married life, nine were spent in prison for his new faith. Their son later became a Carthusian monk and recorded much of what we know about his father.
He was active in propagating Catholic literature. He was finally betrayed by Peter Bullock, a bookbinder, who acted in order to obtain his own release from prison. Duckett's house was searched on 4 March 1601 and he was arrested on a charge of having 25 copies of Fr. Southwell's books on his premises. For this he was at once thrown into Newgate.
At the trial, Bullock testified that he had bound various Catholic books for Duckett, who admitted this but denied other false accusations in a self-possessed manner. The jury found him not guilty; but the judge, Sir John Popham, the Lord Chief Justice, browbeat the jury, which reversed its verdict and Duckett was found guilty of felony. Despite the betrayal of Duckett, Bullock was taken to his death at Tyburn in the same cart as Duckett on 19 April 1601.
James Duckett's son was the John Duckett who later became Prior of the English Carthusians at Nieuwpoort in Flanders. He related that on the way to Tyburn his father was handed a cup of wine, which he drank, and told his wife to drink to Peter Bullock and to forgive him. When she declined, he chided her gently until she did. On arrival at Tyburn Tree James kissed and embraced Bullock, beseeching him to die in the Catholic faith, without success.
James Duckett was beatified by Pope Pius XI on 15 December 1929.
- Bassett, Fr. Bernard, "The Beatified Bookseller", Catholic Herald, p.3, April 20, 1951
- Camm, Bede (1909). "Ven. James Duckett". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. 5. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- "Blessed James Duckett", Saints for Young Readers for Every Day of the Year, Pauline books and Media, Boston, MA.
- Stanton, Rev. Richard, A Menology of england and Wales, or Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints, p.167, Burns & Oates, Ltd., London, 1892
- See also Godfrey Anstruther, Seminary Priests, Mayhew-McCrimmond, Great Wakering, vol. 2, 1975, pp. 89–90.
- James Duckett, M.M. Merrick, (Douglas Organ, London 1947)