James E. Boasberg
James Emanuel Boasberg
|Judge of the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court|
|Assumed office |
May 18, 2014
|Appointed by||John Roberts|
|Preceded by||Reggie Walton|
|Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia|
|Assumed office |
March 17, 2011
|Appointed by||Barack Obama|
|Preceded by||Thomas F. Hogan|
|Associate Judge of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia|
September 2002 – March 14, 2011
|Appointed by||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Gregory E. Mize|
|Succeeded by||John F. McCabe, Jr.|
James Emanuel Boasberg
February 20, 1963
San Francisco, California
|Education||Yale University (B.A.)|
Yale Law School (J.D.)
University of Oxford (M.St.)
James Emanuel "Jeb" Boasberg (born February 20, 1963) is a United States District Judge on the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, also serving as a Judge on the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court; and former associate judge on the Superior Court of the District of Columbia.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Clerkship and legal career
- 3 Judicial service
- 4 Personal life
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Early life and education
Boasberg was born in San Francisco, California in 1963, to Sarah Margaret (Szold) and Emanuel Boasberg III. The family moved to Washington, D.C. when Boasberg's father accepted a position in Sargent Shriver's Office of Economic Opportunity, a Great Society agency responsible for implementing and administering many of Lyndon B. Johnson's War on Poverty programs. Boasberg received a Bachelor of Arts from Yale University in 1985, where he was a member of Skull and Bones, and a Master of Studies the following year from Oxford University. He then earned his Juris Doctor from Yale Law School in 1990.
Clerkship and legal career
After completing law school, Boasberg served as a law clerk for Judge Dorothy W. Nelson of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit for the 1990–91 term. He then went into private practice, working at firms first in San Francisco (1991–94) and then in the District of Columbia (1995–96). In 1996, Boasberg joined the office of the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia where he would spend 5.5 years as a prosecutor, specializing in homicides.
In September 2002, Boasberg became an Associate Judge of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia, where he served in the Civil and Criminal Divisions and the Domestic Violence Branch until his appointment to the federal bench in 2011. During the 111th Congress, Delegate Eleanor Holmes Norton recommended Boasberg to fill a judicial vacancy on the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. On June 17, 2010, President Barack Obama formally nominated Boasberg to the District Court for the District of Columbia. Boasberg was confirmed on March 14, 2011 by a vote of 96 ayes to 0 nays. He received his commission on March 17, 2011.
Osama Bin Laden photos
On April 26, 2012, Boasberg ruled that the public had no right to view government photos of a deceased Osama Bin Laden. Judicial Watch, a conservative legal group, had filed a request under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), but were unsuccessful in convincing the Judge that FOIA rights outweighed national-security factors.
Registered tax return preparer regulations
On January 18, 2013, Boasberg issued a permanent injunction prohibiting the Internal Revenue Service from enforcing regulations on Registered Tax Return Preparers, which otherwise required tax return preparers to register with the IRS and pass a written test as evidence of competency. Loving v. Internal Revenue Service, No. 12-385 (U.S.D.C. D.C. 1/18/2013). The IRS appealed and in 2014, the Court of Appeals upheld Boasberg's district court decision.
Appointment to United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court
On February 7, 2014 Chief Justice John G. Roberts announced that he would appoint Boasberg to the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court for a term starting May 18, 2014 to a seat being vacated by Reggie Walton. His term began May 18, 2014.
Hillary Clinton emails
On August 22, 2016, Boasberg ordered the release of over 14,000 emails found in the United States Department of State correspondence of Hillary Clinton by the FBI during an investigation of Clinton's private server. These emails were requested by Judicial Watch, a conservative legal group, because the FBI has indicated that emails were work-related and not entirely private as Clinton had previously said.
Trump tax returns
On August 18, 2017, Boasberg dismissed a lawsuit from the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC), which had sued the IRS under FOIA seeking President Donald Trump's personal tax returns from 2010 to the present to be released. Boasberg concluded that because personal tax returns are confidential, they may only be obtained either by permission from Trump himself or if Congress's Joint Committee on Taxation signed off to allow the disclosure.
Boasberg married Elizabeth Leslie Manson in 1991. His brother, Tom Boasberg, succeeded Michael Bennet as Superintendent of Denver Public Schools after Colorado Governor Bill Ritter appointed Bennet to the United States Senate in January 2009.
- Report of District of Columbia Judicial Nomination Commission
- U.S. Congress, Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs (2002). Hearing before the Committee on Governmental Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Seventh Congress, second session, on the nomination of James "Jeb" E. Boasberg to be an associate judge of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia, June 26, 2002 (Volume 107, Issue 561 of S. hrg, United States Congress ed.). Washington, D.C.: U.S. G.P.O. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
- United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary (January 5, 2011). "Questionnaire for Judicial Nominees: James Emanuel Boasberg" (PDF). Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- (August 26, 1991). "Elizabeth Leslie Manson Is Married To J. E. Boasberg in New Hampshire". The New York Times. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- "Sally Boasberg, landscape designer and advocate for District's green spaces, dies at 74 – The Washington Post". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- Mitchell, Nancy (January 9, 2009). "Boasberg sole finalist for DPS superintendent job". Rocky Mountain News. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- Meyer, Jeremy P. (January 21, 2009). "Boosters say Boasberg's the man to lead DPS". The Denver Post. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- Robbins, Alexandra (July 2004). "Powerful Secrets". Vanity Fair. p. 116.
- The White House: Office of the Press Secretary (June 17, 2010). "President Obama Names Three to United States District Court, 6/17/10". whitehouse.gov. Archived from the original on January 20, 2017. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
- "Boasberg, James Emanuel – Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
- U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. "Official Biography". Retrieved March 22, 2017.
- Palazzolo, Joe (February 8, 2010). "White House Vetting OPR Chief for Federal Judgeship". Main Justice. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- "Judicial Nominations and Confirmations: 112th Congress". Archived from the original on 2011-01-08. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- "Federal judge blocks release of bin Laden death photos - CNN.com". cnn.com. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- https://www.irs.gov/uac/IRS-Statement-on-Court-Ruling-Related-to-Return-Preparers (Retrieved 1/25/2013)
- Donnelly, Madaline. Meet the Single Mom Who Took On the IRS, Daily Signal, October 9, 2015.
- "FISA Court Appointments, Potential Reforms, and More from CRS". Secrecy News. Archived from the original on February 21, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
- "Two Judges Appointed to Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court". Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
- Reid, Paula (August 22, 2016). "Judge orders expedited release of 15,000 Hillary Clinton documents found by FBI". CBS News. New York City, New York. Retrieved August 22, 2016.
Initially, the State Department attorney would not answer Judge James Boasberg's repeated questions about the number of emails recovered by the FBI. The judge urged the State Department to expedite its review of what is called "Disc 1," which is one of two discs handed over from FBI to the State Department in late July.
- Seipel, Brooke (2017-08-18). "Federal court can't force IRS to release Trump's tax returns". TheHill. Retrieved 2017-08-19.
- Meyer, Jeremy P. (January 9, 2009). "Finalist is the face behind recent efforts". The Denver Post. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- Osher, Christopher N. (January 23, 2009). "Boasberg is unanimous pick for superintendent". The Denver Post. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- "The Trial of Hamlet". Shakespeare Theatre Company in the District of Columbia. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
- James E. Boasberg at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- James E. Boasberg at Ballotpedia
- Biography of Judge Boasberg at the Superior Court
Thomas F. Hogan
| Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia
| Judge of the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court|