James Finn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
James Finn
James Finn.jpg
Born 1806
Died 1872 (aged 65–66)
Resting place Wimbledon, London
Nationality British
Occupation U.K. Consul in Jerusalem,
writer, philanthropist
Years active 1846 – 1863
Known for Writings about Palestine
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Anne Finn
Children Alexander 'Guy Fawkes' Finn, 1847
Constance Finn, 1851
Arthur Henry Finn, 1854

James Finn was a British Consul in Jerusalem, in the then Ottoman Empire (1846–1863).[1] He arrived in 1845 with his wife Elizabeth Anne Finn. Finn was a devout Christian, who belonged to the London Society for Promoting Christianity Amongst the Jews, but who did not engage in missionary work during his years in Jerusalem.

Finn was a writer and philanthropist. He was a great believer in productivity, an ideology that was very much in vogue at the time, and in 1853 purchased for £250 Karm al-Khalil (Arabic for "Abraham's Vineyard", lit. "vineyard of the loved one", which in Hebrew became Kerem Avraham) a barren piece of land outside the walls of the Old City. Kerem Avraham was established as a training farm for Jews in agriculture and to become productive citizens. Finn employed Jewish labourers to build the first house there in 1855. Cisterns for water storage were built and a soap factory was established which produced high quality soap sold to tourists.

He helped establish the experimental farm at the village of Artas outside Bethlehem.

Books (partial list)[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Webster, Gillian (1 January 1985). "Elizabeth Anne Finn". The Biblical Archaeologist. 48 (3): 181–185. doi:10.2307/3209937. JSTOR 3209937. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Kerem Avraham at Wikimedia Commons