James Frank Woods

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James Frank Woods
Frank Wood at Mana, 1923.jpg
Frank Wood at Mānā, 1923
Born (1872-06-27)June 27, 1872
Waimea, Hawaii County, Hawaii
Died June 4, 1930(1930-06-04) (aged 57)
Nationality Kingdom of Hawaii
United States
Occupation Rancher, Politician
Spouse(s) Eva K. Parker
Princess Elizabeth Kahanu
Parent(s) James Woods
Mary Ann Parker

James Frank Woods (June 27, 1872 – June 4, 1930) was a major landowner during the Kingdom of Hawaii who was related to royalty and many civil leaders.


His father was James Woods, who was born in Liverpool, England in 1845, and came to the Hawaiian Islands in 1860 to work for Janion & Green (later the "Big Five" firm Theo H. Davies & Co.), which had been based in England.[1] In 1866 his father moved to the cattle-ranching area known as Waimea where he worked to import improved cattle breeds to replace the wild cattle that had previously roamed the island of Hawaiʻi. He served in a number of government posts in the Kohala district including a term in the legislature of the Hawaiian Kingdom,[2] and eventually became part owner of several sugarcane plantations in Hawaii and cattle ranches.

On March 22. 1868 his father married his mother Mary Ann Parker (1851–1909), three-quarters native Hawaiian granddaughter of John Palmer Parker (1790–1868), founder of Parker Ranch. James Frank Woods was born June 27, 1872, and generally went by the name Frank Woods. He had seven siblings, five sisters two brothers.[3]:27 When his father died in December 1883, the Kohala and Puʻuhue ranches passed to brothers Samuel Parker Woods (1877–1937) and Palmer Parker Woods (1872–1923).

Wife Eva Kalanikauleleaiwi Parker

In 1895 Woods bought Kahuā ranch from John Maguire, at about 3,000 feet (910 m) elevation at 20°7′22″N 155°47′12″W / 20.12278°N 155.78667°W / 20.12278; -155.78667 (Kahua Ranch).[4] He also leased much of the surrounding land and started his own cattle business. He tried to convert some of the land into a sugarcane plantation, but his attempts to divert the nearby Kehna Ditch irrigation canal to his dry lands on the leeward side of Kohala Mountain were thwarted.[5] He leased the Mākua Valley (on the western coast of Oʻahu island, 21°31′51″N 158°13′30″W / 21.53083°N 158.22500°W / 21.53083; -158.22500 (Mākua Valley)[6]) to fatten his cattle on their way to the market in Honolulu. The land is now the Mākua Military Reservation.[7]

Woods married his cousin Eva Kalanikauleleaiwi Parker, second daughter of Samuel Parker.[8] He was the first vice-chairman of the board of supervisors for Hawaii County when it was organized.[9] After losing several elections in the Home Rule Party of Hawaii,[10] he won in 1913 for a single term in the Territorial Senate as a member of the Democratic Party of Hawaii.[11][12] Woods entertained Jack London and Charmian London when they visited.[13] A small cottage built for the Woods family is preserved as a museum in the Manua Lani resort.[14]

Eva died December 3, 1922. By 1928, after a dispute with neighboring ranchers and politically powerful Lincoln Loy McCandless, he was forced to sell Kahuā to Ronald von Holt and Atherton Richards, whose families still own it and offer historic tours.[15] In 1928 he married Princess Elizabeth Kahanu, the widow of Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole who had been delegate to US Congress from the Territory of Hawaii.[16] He died in June 1930 and was buried in Oahu Cemetery.[17] He second wife died in 1932 and was buried next to him.[18]

Family tree[edit]


  1. ^ George F. Nellist, ed. (1925). "Woods, James". The Story of Hawaii and Its Builders. Honolulu Star Bulletin. 
  2. ^ "Woods, James office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Archived from the original on March 20, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  3. ^ Billy Bergin (2004). Loyal to the Land: The Legendary Parker Ranch 750-1950. volume 1. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-2692-5. 
  4. ^ USGS Bulletin. United States Geological Survey. 1915. p. 14. 
  5. ^ Maile Melrose (May 1998). "Kahua Ranch: A Historical Perspective". Waimea Gazette. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Mākua Valley
  7. ^ "Environmental Impact Statement" (PDF). Mākua Military Reservation. June 2009. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  8. ^ Kapiikauinamoku (May 23, 1956). "Second Son of Parkers, Palmer, Died As Youth". The Story of Maui Royalty: The Parkers of Waimea. 
  9. ^ "Report of the Governor of the Territory of Hawaii". Congressional serial set. United States Government Printing Office. 1906. p. 59. 
  10. ^ "Frank Woods Named". The Independent. Honolulu. September 19, 1904. p. 2. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  11. ^ "Woods, James Frank office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Archived from the original on March 20, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  12. ^ Hawaii (1918). Lydecker, Robert Colfax, ed. Roster Legislatures of Hawaii, 1841–1918. Honolulu: Hawaiian Gazette Company. p. 280. OCLC 60737418. 
  13. ^ Charmian London (1918). Jack London and Hawaii. Mills & Boon. p. 296. 
  14. ^ "Eva Parker Woods cottage". Mauna Lani Resort web site. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  15. ^ "History: A working ranch that welcomes visitors". Kahua Ranch web site. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  16. ^ United States Congress. "Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole (id: K000004)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. 
  17. ^ "Photo Gallery: Woods Monument". O'ahu cemetery web site. Archived from the original on October 29, 2010. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  18. ^ "Hawaiian Princess, Kalanianaole Dies; Ruler Over Phantom Kingdom Was Descendant of Long Line of Monarchs. I Romance Marked Career: She Succeeded Her First Husband as Congressional Appointee in the Rehabilitation of Her Race". New York Times. February 20, 1932. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 

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