James G. Boswell II
After a stint in the Navy during World War II, Boswell attended Stanford University, earning a degree in economics. During his career he sat on various corporate boards, including that of General Electric.
Boswell inherited the J. G. Boswell Co. from his uncle James Griffin Boswell. Boswell grew the acreage more than three times to a peak of more than 200,000 acres (810 km2). In addition to increasing the size, Boswell focused on developing more productive cultivars and other technological advances to increase output and efficiency. Among his innovations was using lasers to level fields, resulting in more efficient water use.[who?]
Boswell used the company's influence to successfully lobby for advantageous land and water policies in the state, including the construction of the Pine Flat Dam on the border of Kings Canyon National Park. The dam stemmed water flow to Tulare Lake, the now dry bed of which is a central part of the company's land.
During record breaking 1969 rains, local residents clamored for floodwaters from Pine Flat Lake to be diverted to Buena Vista Lake. Representation on the irrigation district board, however, was determined by the value of landowners’ land and J. G. Boswell Company owned the majority of land in the district. J. G. Boswell Co. voted to block the floodwater diversion so that its crops on the Buena Vista lakebed would not be destroyed.
Residents whose homes were destroyed by the flood sued. Limiting suffrage to landowners violated the one man, one vote guarantee in the U.S. Constitution, they alleged, because the irrigation district can levy taxes, exercise eminent domain, and decide whose land gets flooded. In 1973 a divided United States Supreme Court disagreed, finding that a private company can exercise control of the irrigation district because flood control is not an important government function.
- Hirsch, Jerry (April 6, 2009). "James G. Boswell II dies at 86; cotton magnate built family farm into agribusiness giant". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 7, 2009.
- Salyer Land Co. v. Tulare Lake Basin Water Dist., 410 U.S. 719 (1973)(J. Douglas, dissenting).
- Salyer Land Co. v. Tulare Lake Basin Water Storage Dist., 342 F. Supp. 144 (E.D. Cal. 1972).
- Salyer Land Co. v. Tulare Lake Basin Water Dist., 410 U.S. 719 (1973).
- Piper, Karen (2014). The Price of Thirst: Global Water Inequality and the Coming Chaos. University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 9780816695423.
- Arax, Mark; Wartzman, Rick (October 27, 2003). "The king who didn't want to be known". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 7, 2009.
- The King of California: J. G. Boswell and the Making of a Secret American Empire, Mark Arax and Rick Wartzman, 2003, PublicAffairs. ISBN 1-58648-281-5 (pbk)
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