James Gamble (industrialist)

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James Gamble
Photo of James Gamble
Born (1803-04-03)April 3, 1803
Enniskillen, Ireland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland[1]
Died April 29, 1891(1891-04-29) (aged 88)
Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
Nationality British-American
Occupation Soapmaker and industrialist
Co-founder of Procter & Gamble
Relatives William Procter (brother-in-law)

James Gamble (April 3, 1803 – April 29, 1891) was an Irish soap maker and industrialist.[1][2] He was the co-founder and co-eponym of Procter & Gamble Company in 1837, along with William Procter.

Early life[edit]

Gamble was born near Enniskillen in present-day Northern Ireland and went to Portora Royal School.[3]

Gamble went into business with Wiliam Procter after they became related by marriage. Gamble's wife Elizabeth Ann Norris was the sister of Procter's wife Olivia Norris. The pair's father-in-law, Alexander Norris, first suggested that the two go into business together in 1837 and consequently Procter & Gamble was born.[3][4]

Gamble died on April 29, 1891 from natural causes.[2] He is interred in Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati.[5]

Procter, who preceded his partner Gamble in death, is also buried at Spring Grove Cemetery.[6]

Family life[edit]

Gamble and Elizabeth Ann (Norris) Gamble had ten children,[1][3] including James Norris Gamble (August 9, 1836 - July 2, 1932) who became Vice President of Procter & Gamble and was the chemist who devised the formula for Ivory soap.[1] James Norris Gamble married Margaret Penrose; he died in his sleep on July 2, 1932 in Cincinnati and is interred in Spring Grove Cemetery.[7][8]

Gamble's grandson William married Franzeska Wilhelmina (Fanny) Nast, the daughter of the Rev. William Nast, a German-American Methodist preacher. Fanny was the first woman to graduate from German Wallace College in Berea, Ohio.[9]


  1. ^ a b c d "James Gamble". NNDB. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "James Gamble grave burial information" (PDF). Spring Grove Cemetery. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Typhoid Mary and other curiosities in Irish biography". BBC News. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  4. ^ "James Gamble". Ohio Biography. Archived from the original on January 24, 2010. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Spring Grove Cemetery". news.cincinnati.com. Retrieved July 18, 2014. 
  6. ^ Stradling, David (Oct 1, 2003). Cincinnati: From River City to Highway Metropolis. Arcadia Publishing. p. 35. Retrieved 2013-05-25. 
  7. ^ "James Norris Gamble grave burial information" (PDF). Spring Grove Cemetery. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Spring Grove Cemetery interment information". Spring Grove Cemetery. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  9. ^ Wittke, Carl Frederick (1959). William Nast, patriarch of German Methodism. Wayne State University Press. pp. 218–219. 

External links[edit]