|Born||21 September 1952|
In 1978, Gilkes was denied a world record for the 4x200 m relay; while the Tobias Striders team he was a member of broke the old world record with a time of 1:20.23, but this was rejected as a record because the team members were from different countries. The other members of the team were: Guy Abrahams, Panama; Michael Simmons, USA; and Don Quarrie, Jamaica.
The team from the University of Southern California (Joel Andrews, James Sanford, William Mullins and Clancy Edwards) that finished second in the same race also broke the old world record: their time of 1:20.26 was accepted as the new world record.
In 1979 he took 3rd place in the "Golden sprints" in Zurich.
Gilkes would have been a medal favorite in the 200 m (which Don Quarrie won) at the 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal, but Guyana joined the African boycott over New Zealand's rugby team's tour of apartheid South Africa. He applied to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) for permission to run as an individual under their flag but was denied the request. He also went to the 1980 Olympic Games where he reached the semi-finals of both the 100 and 200 metres before he was eliminated.
His personal best time for the 200 metres was 20.14 seconds, achieved in September 1978 in Ingelheim.
Gilkes studied first at Fisk University then moved to the University of Southern California (USC). He was an important member of the track team at both colleges. As of 2012, Gilkes was still ranked in the top 10 all-time performers for the USC Trojans at 100 and 200 m, joint 8th and 4th respectively.
- 1974 (for Fisk) – 6th in 100 y; 1st in 220 y
- 1975 (for USC) – 2nd in 200 m
- 1976 (for USC) – 3rd in 100 m; 2nd in 200 m.
Gilkes joined Fisk University when it started a student transfer program with his native country of Guyana in 1972. Gilkes remained at Fisk University until 1974 when he transferred to USC. He has stated he was not unhappy at Fisk but did not enjoy the Tennessee weather and preferred the sunnier climes of California.
Gilkes when in the United States was eligible at that time to compete in the USA National Track and Field Championships. He achieved the feat of finishing second in the 200 m five years running.
- Hymans, Richard; Matrahazi, Imre, eds. (2015). Progression of IAAF World Records – 2015 edition (PDF). IAAF Athletics. p. 141. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
- "Guyana: Olympic Tradition". nbcolympics.com. Archived from the original on 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
- Anderson, Dave (1976-07-26). "James Wilkes deserved to compete in Olympics (sic)". Lethbridge Herald. p. 12. Retrieved 2019-09-28 – via Newspaper Archives.
- "James Gilkes: A lost opportunity". Stabroek News. 2008-08-15. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
- "USC All-Time Top-10 Performances". USC Athletics. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
- "100 Metres, A History of the NCAA Championships" (PDF). Track and Field News.
- "200 Metres, A History of the NCAA Championships" (PDF). Track and Field News.
- "Hayes's Record Falls At South Carolina Track Meet". Jet. Vol. 46 no. 6. 1974-05-02. p. 50. ISSN 0021-5996.
- Dexon, John (1975-02-21). "Trojans '75 NCAA Track Contenders". Press Telegram. p. 38. Retrieved 2019-09-28 – via Newspaper Archives.
- Kausch, Gary (1975-06-03). "Fisk? Gilkes couldn't leave fast enough". Press Telegram. p. 23. Retrieved 2019-09-28 – via Newspaper Archives.
- "World Rankings Index--Men's 100 meters" (PDF). Track and Field News.
- "World Rankings Index--Men's 200 meters" (PDF). Track and Field News.
- "A History Of The Results Of The National Track & Field Championships Of The USA From 1876 Through 2003". Track and Field News. Archived from the original on 2013-06-09.
|| Flagbearer for Guyana