James Gleason

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the politician, see James P. Gleason.
Not to be confused with people named James Gleeson.
James Gleason
James Gleason in Meet John Doe trailer.jpg
in Meet John Doe (1941)
Born (1882-05-23)May 23, 1882
New York City, U.S.
Died April 12, 1959(1959-04-12) (aged 76)
Woodland Hills, California, U.S.
Years active 1914–59
Spouse(s) Lucille Gleason (1905-1947) (her death)
Children Russell Gleason (son)

James Austin Gleason (May 23, 1882 – April 12, 1959) was an American actor born in New York City. He was also a playwright and screenwriter.[1]

Career[edit]

Gleason was born in New York City, the son of Mina, nee Crolius, (1858-1931) and William L. Gleason (1850-1909).[2][3] Coming from theatrical stock, as a schoolboy he made stage appearances while on holiday. He began earning his living at the age of thirteen, being a messenger boy, printer's devil, assistant in an electrical store and a lift boy. He enlisted in the United States Army at age 16 and served three years in the Philippines.

On discharge, he began his stage career, later taking it up professionally. He played in London for two years and following his return to the United States, he began in films by writing dialogue for "comedies". He wrote a number of plays, several of which were performed on Broadway. He also acted on Broadway, including in a couple of his own plays. When World War I broke out, Gleason reenlisted in the United States Army and served to the end of the war.

His film debut was in Polly of the Follies (1922), starring Constance Talmadge. Balding and slender with a craggy voice and a master of the double-take, Gleason portrayed tough but warm-hearted characters, usually with a New York background. He co-wrote The Broadway Melody, the second film to win the Academy Award for Best Picture, and had a small uncredited role in it. He also co-wrote and briefly appeared as a hot dog vendor in the 1934 Janet Gaynor vehicle Change of Heart. He performed in a number of films with his wife Lucile. In The Clock (1945), he played a milk cart driver who gives lessons in marriage to the characters played by Judy Garland and Robert Walker, while Lucille played his wife. The same year, he played the bartender in the film adaptation of A Tree Grows in Brooklyn. In the Frank Capra classic Meet John Doe, he played the cynical, "hard boiled" editor brought in to pump up the newspaper that runs with the "John Doe" story. Gleason starred in two movie series, playing police inspector Oscar Piper in six Hildegarde Withers mystery films during the 1930s, starting with The Penguin Pool Murder, and Joe Higgins in the first seven of nine films about the Higgins Family, in which his wife Lucile and son Russell played Lil and Sydney Higgins. Gleason was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance as boxing manager Max "Pop" Corkle in the 1941 film Here Comes Mr. Jordan.

Gleason also performed in other media. In 1931, he co-starred with Robert Armstrong in the radio sitcom Gleason and Armstrong. His television credits include several episodes of Alfred Hitchcock Presents, the Reed Hadley legal drama The Public Defender and ABC's The Real McCoys. In "The Child", the Christmas 1957 episode of John Payne's The Restless Gun on NBC, Gleason and Anthony Caruso played Roman Catholic priests who run an orphanage. Dan Blocker, just launching his acting career, also guest starred in the episode.[4]

Family[edit]

James and Lucille Gleason had a son, actor Russell Gleason. On December 26, 1945, the younger Gleason was in New York City awaiting deployment to Europe with his regiment, when he fell out of a fourth story window in the Hotel Sutton, which the army had commandeered to house the troops, resulting in his death. Reports varied, some saying the fall was accidental, while others stating it was a suicide.[5][citation needed] Russell's most prominent role had been as Muller in the Academy Award-winning version of All Quiet on the Western Front (1930). Russell Gleason was married to Cynthia Lindsay, a former Busby Berkeley chorus girl who later wrote a biography of family friend Boris Karloff.[citation needed]

James Gleason was interred in the Holy Cross Cemetery in Culver City, California.

Partial filmography[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1922 Polly of the Follies Paul Gordon
1929 The Broadway Melody Uncredited role Dialogue co-written by Gleason
High Voltage N/A Screenplay co-written by Gleason
The Flying Fool N/A Dialogue written by Gleason
1930 Puttin' on the Ritz James "Jimmy" Tierney Also credited with writing dialogue
Mammy N/A Based on the play Mr. Bones, a Musical Comedy of Minstrel Days in Two Acts by Irving Berlin and Gleason
Dumbbells in Ermine N/A Screenplay by Gleason and Harvey F. Thew
The Fall Guy N/A Based on the play he Fall Guy, a Comedy in Three Acts, by George Abbott and Gleason
The Matrimonial Bed Gustave Corton
Rain or Shine N/A Based on the book of the musical Rain or Shine by Gleason and Maurice Marks
Her Man Steve
What a Widow! N/A Co-wrote
1931 Three Hollywood Girls N/A Screenplay by Gleason
Beyond Victory Jim Mobley
It's a Wise Child Cool Kelly
A Free Soul Eddie
Sweepstakes Sleepy Jones
The Big Gamble Squint
Suicide Fleet Skeets
1932 Fast Companions Silk Henley
Lady and Gent Pin Streaver
Blondie of the Follies Pa McClune
The Crooked Circle Arthur Crimmer
The All American Chick Knipe
The Devil Is Driving "Beef" Evans
The Penguin Pool Murder Police Inspector Oscar Piper
1933 The Billion Dollar Scandal Ratsy Harris
Clear All Wires! Lefty
Mister Mugg Comedy short
The Bowery N/A Screenplay co-written by Gleason
Hoop-La Jerry
1934 The Meanest Gal in Town Duke Slater
Search for Beauty Dan Healy
Orders Is Orders Ed Waggermeyer
Murder on the Blackboard Inspector Oscar Piper
Change of Heart Hot Dog Vendor Also credited as screenwriter
1935 Murder on a Honeymoon Inspector Oscar Piper
West Point of the Air Joe "Bags"
Murder in the Fleet N/A Uncredited screenplay by Gleason
Hot Tip N/A Co-directed with Ray McCarey
Two-Fisted N/A Based on the play Is Zat So? by Gleason and Richard Taber
We're Only Human Detective Danny Walsh
1936 Murder on a Bridle Path Police Inspector Oscar Piper
The Ex-Mrs. Bradford Inspector Corrigan
Yours for the Asking Saratoga
Don't Turn 'Em Loose Detective Daniels
The Big Game George Scott
The Plot Thickens Oscar Piper
1937 Forty Naughty Girls Inspector Oscar Piper
Manhattan Merry-Go-Round Danny the Duck
1938 The Higgins Family Joe Higgins
Army Girl Sergeant "Three Star" Hennessy
1939 My Wife's Relatives Joe Higgins
Should Husbands Work? Joe Higgins
The Covered Trailer Joe Higgins
Money to Burn Joe Higgins
1940 Grandpa Goes to Town Joe Higgins
Earl of Puddlestone Joe Higgins
1941 Meet John Doe Henry Connell
Affectionately Yours Chester Phillips
Here Comes Mr. Jordan Max Corkle Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Tanks a Million Colonel "Spitfire" Barkley
Nine Lives Are Not Enough Sergeant Daniels
Babes on Broadway Thornton Reed
1942 Hay Foot Colonel J. A. Barkley
A Date with the Falcon Inspector Mike O'Hara
My Gal Sal Pat Hawley
The Falcon Takes Over Inspector Michael O'Hara
Footlight Serenade Bruce McKay
Tales of Manhattan "Father" Joe
Manila Calling Tim O'Rourke
1943 Crash Dive Chief Mike "Mac" McDonnell
A Guy Named Joe "Nails" Kilpatrick
1944 Once Upon a Time McGillicuddy, aka the "Moke"
The Keys of the Kingdom Reverend Dr. Wilbur Fiske
Arsenic and Old Lace Police Lieutenant Rooney
1945 Captain Eddie Tom Clark
This Man's Navy Jimmy Shannon
A Tree Grows in Brooklyn McGarrity
The Clock Milk Cart Driver
1946 The Hoodlum Saint Snarp
The Well-Groomed Bride Captain Hornby
Lady Luck Sacramento Sam
1947 The Homestretch Doc Kilborne
Down to Earth Max Corkle
The Bishop's Wife Sylvester
Tycoon Pop Mathews
1948 Smart Woman Sam Corkle
The Dude Goes West Sam Briggs
The Return of October Uncle Willie
When My Baby Smiles at Me Lefty Moore
1949 Bad Boy Chief
Take One False Step Captain Gledhill
Miss Grant Takes Richmond Timothy P. Gleason
1950 Key to the City Sergeant Hogan
The Yellow Cab Man Mickey Corkins
Riding High Racing Secretary
The Jackpot Harry Summers
1951 Come Fill the Cup Charley Dolan
I'll See You in My Dreams Fred Townsend
Two Gals and a Guy Max Howard
Joe Palooka in Triple Cross Knobby
1952 We're Not Married! Duffy
The Story of Will Rogers Bert Lynn
What Price Glory? General Cokely
1953 Forever Female Eddie Woods
1954 Suddenly Peter "Pop" Benson
1955 The Night of the Hunter Birdie Steptoe
1956 Star in the Dust Orval Jones
1957 Man in the Shadow Hank James
Loving You Carl Meade
Spring Reunion "Collie" Collyer
1958 Man or Gun Sheriff Jim Jackson
Rock-A-Bye Baby Doc Simpkins
The Last Hurrah "Cuke" Gillen

References[edit]

  1. ^ Obituary Variety, April 15, 1959, page 159.
  2. ^ Mina Gleason; findagrave.com Retrieved July 19, 2015
  3. ^ Mina Crolius Gleason, Mother of actor James Gleason Retrieved July 19, 2015
  4. ^ "The Child," The Restless Gun, DVD, Timeless Media Group
  5. ^ "Russell Gleason". Find a Grave. Archived from the original on October 22, 2014. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 

External links[edit]