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Sir James Gobbo
|25th Governor of Victoria|
24 April 1997 – 31 December 2000
|Preceded by||Richard McGarvie|
|Succeeded by||John Landy|
Giacomo Augustine Gobbo
22 March 1931
|Alma mater||University of Melbourne|
University of Oxford
Family and early life
Giacomo "James" Gobbo was born in Carlton, Victoria, on 22 March 1931, to Italian parents Antonio and Regina. In March 1935 the family returned to Cittadella, Italy, where a sister, Natalina, was born shortly after. Three years later the family, which also included a brother, Flavio, arrived back in Australia to take up permanent residency in North Melbourne, Victoria. Gobbo, then aged seven, spoke no English at the time of his return, and his father, who had started a café, felt the time was right for him to receive a Catholic education.
Gobbo's early schooling included St Mary's Primary School, West Melbourne and later St Joseph's CBC, North Melbourne. In 1944 he was accepted into Xavier College, where he won the 1948 APS Head of the River before studying law at the University of Melbourne during which time he lived at Newman College. In 1951 he was awarded a Rhodes Scholarship, with which he attained a Master of Arts degree at Magdalen College, University of Oxford.
In 1957 Gobbo married former librarian Shirley Lewis, and has five children. His son, James Gobbo, Jr., was the Liberal candidate for the district of Bentleigh in the 2006 Victorian state election.
After many years as a barrister and later as a Queen's Counsel, Gobbo was appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court of Victoria. He served from 18 July 1978 until he retired from the bench on 14 February 1994.
Gobbo served as Lieutenant-Governor of Victoria from 1995 until he was appointed Governor of Victoria in 1997 by Queen Elizabeth II on the advice of the Victorian premier, Jeff Kennett. He was the first Australian state governor of Italian descent.
Gobbo's term of office was to be shorter than the usual five years, due to the uncertain outcome of the looming 1999 Australian republic referendum. If a republic had come into effect, then the governorship of Victoria would have been abolished from 1 January 2001. In August 2000 the new premier, Steve Bracks, announced that Gobbo's successor would be John Landy, who would take up his post in January 2001. Gobbo immediately made it known that he had had an understanding with Kennett for an extension of his term beyond 2000, and expressed deep disappointment that this was not now to occur. However, this understanding must have been private, since Kennett's letter of appointment stated that any extension beyond 31 December 2000 would be a matter for the premier of the day. Bracks said that he had no knowledge of any such understanding.
After leaving office, Gobbo took up the position of Commissioner for Italy for the Victorian government until June 2006, and has since continued on various boards and councils.
In 2006, Gobbo was the Chair of the Council of the National Library of Australia and the Council of the Order of Australia and Chair of the Australian Multicultural Foundation.
Gobbo was appointed a Knight Bachelor in 1981; a Companion of the Order of Australia (AC) in 1993; and a Knight of Grace of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem in 1997. He was awarded the Centenary Medal in 2001 and is also a Knight of Malta.
- National Archives of Australia, Department of Immigration and Border Protection; A12508, 31/2551 Personal Statement and Declaration by alien passengers entering Australia (Forms A42)
- "Farewells – Sir James Gobbo" (PDF). Victorian Bar News. Melbourne: Victorian Bar Council. Winter 1994. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
- "Rhodes Scholarship for Newman Student". The Advocate. LXXXIV, (5030). Victoria, Australia. 20 December 1951. p. 2. Retrieved 12 May 2018 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- ABC: The World Today Archive – Victoria's new governor
- https://trove.nla.gov.au/version/172103629 James Gobbo and parents photograph
- https://trove.nla.gov.au/version/172107971 Gobbo family portrait, Italy
| Governor of Victoria
Sir John Young
| Lieutenant-Governor of Victoria