James Graham (photographer)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
James Graham
Born 1806
Died 1869 (aged 62–63)
Nationality Scottish
Known for Photographs of Jerusalem

James Graham (1806–1869) was a Scottish photographer who took some of the earliest images of the Holy Land, where he was sent as lay secretary for the London Society for Promoting Christianity Amongst the Jews.[1]:605 [2]

Graham, a former director of a Glasgow bank, having learnt the basics of photography, arrived in Jerusalem in December 1853 and stayed there for two-and-a-half years, taking lodgings in a tower on the Mount of Olives. While there he was visited by artists including Thomas Seddon and William Holman Hunt, both of whom seem to have used his photographs as reference material for their paintings.[3]

When he exhibited photographs, he would often write an appropriate quotation from the Bible on the mount.[3]

During his time in Jerusalem he taught photography to the Russian-born Mendel John Diness, who had been converted from Judaism, and baptised in 1849 by the British consul James Finn.[4]

He was the author of a pamphlet called Jerusalem; its Missions, Schools, Converts etc. under Bishop Gobat published in London in 1858.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-century Photography at Google Books
  2. ^ "Picturing Jerusalem, James Graham and Mendel Diness, photographers", ed. Nissan N. Perez, Israel Museum, 2007, ISBN 978-9652783523.
  3. ^ a b Staley and Newell 2004, p.117
  4. ^ Hisham, Khatib (2003). Palestine and Egypt Under the Ottomans: Paintings, Books, Photographs, Maps and Manuscripts. I.B. Taurus. p. 233. 
  5. ^ Jerusalem; its Missions, Schools, Converts etc. sender Bishop Gobat. 


  • Staley, Allen; Newall, Christopher (2004). Pre-Rapaelite Vision:Truth to Nature. London: The Tate Gallery.