James Gunn

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James Gunn
James Gunn (28557194032) (cropped).jpg
Gunn at the 2016 San Diego Comic-Con
James Francis Gunn Jr.

(1966-08-05) August 5, 1966 (age 53)
EducationLoyola Marymount University
Saint Louis University (BA)
Columbia University (MFA)
OccupationFilmmaker, musician
Years active1989–present
Jenna Fischer
(m. 2000; div. 2008)

James Francis Gunn Jr.[1] (born August 5, 1966)[2][n 1] is an American filmmaker and musician. He began his career as a screenwriter in the mid-1990s. He then began working as a director, starting with the horror-comedy film Slither (2006). He subsequently wrote and directed the web series James Gunn's PG Porn (2008–09), the superhero film Super (2010), and the Marvel Cinematic Universe film Guardians of the Galaxy (2014) and its sequel, Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (2017).

Early life[edit]

Gunn was born in St. Louis, Missouri[3] to parents Leota[6] and James F. Gunn, an attorney.[5] He was raised between St. Louis and Manchester, Missouri.[7][8] He has five siblings: actor Sean, actor and political writer Matt, screenwriter Brian, Patrick, and Beth.[9][10][11] He is of Irish[12] and Jewish[13] heritage. Gunn has stated that his family's surname was originally the Irish name MacGilgunn and that it means "sons to the servants of the god of the dead"; it means "son of the brown one".[14][15][16]

Growing up, Gunn was influenced by low-budget films such as Night of the Living Dead and Friday the 13th. He read magazines like Fangoria and attended genre movie screenings, including the original Dawn of the Dead at the Tivoli Theatre in St. Louis. At the age of 12, he began making 8 mm zombie films with his brothers in the woods near their home.[17]

Gunn and his brothers all attended the Jesuit St. Louis University High School, where he graduated in 1984.[4][5] He went on to earn a Bachelor of Arts from Saint Louis University.[18] While at Saint Louis University, Gunn created political cartoons for the school's student weekly, The University News.[19] Gunn said that, at an unspecified time in his college education, "I went to two years undergraduate film school at Loyola Marymount in Los Angeles. But I was pretty screwed up at the time, and had to leave. Years later I went to graduate school at the Columbia University School of Fine Arts but I studied prose writing, not film writing."[20] He earned a Master of Fine Arts from Columbia University in 1995.[21]



While living in St. Louis, Gunn founded a band, The Icons, in 1989, serving as lead vocalist. The group released the album Mom, We Like It Here on Earth in 1994, and its songs "Sunday" and "Walking Naked" were featured in the film Tromeo and Juliet. The Icons disbanded in the mid-1990s.[22] Gunn has continued to work in music, composing songs for Scooby-Doo, Scooby-Doo 2: Monsters Unleashed, and Movie 43.

Film and television[edit]

Gunn in 2014

Gunn began his career in filmmaking with Troma Entertainment in 1995, for which he wrote the independent film Tromeo and Juliet. Working alongside his mentor Lloyd Kaufman, the co-founder of Troma, Gunn learned how to write screenplays, produce films, scout locations, direct actors, distribute films, and create his own poster art.[17] After contributing to several other Troma films, Gunn in 2000 wrote, produced and performed in the superhero comedy The Specials, directed by Craig Mazin and featuring Rob Lowe, Thomas Haden Church, Paget Brewster, Judy Greer and Jamie Kennedy.

Gunn's first major Hollywood screenplay was Scooby-Doo in 2002. In 2004, he wrote the screenplays for the remake of Dawn of the Dead and the sequel Scooby-Doo 2: Monsters Unleashed. With these films, Gunn became the first screenwriter to have two films top the box office in consecutive weeks.[23] That same year, he executive produced and starred in the mockumentary LolliLove, directed by and starring his then-wife Jenna Fischer. His film directorial debut was the 2006 horror-comedy Slither, which was included on Rotten Tomatoes' list of the 50 Best Ever Reviewed Horror Movies.[24]

Gunn's next projects included the comedy short film "Humanzee!" which was originally intended exclusively for the Xbox Live's Horror Meets Comedy series of short comedy films by horror directors, it was replaced with "Sparky and Mikaela" which debuted on Xbox Live on December 31, 2008. In an April 2009 interview on The Jace Hall Show, Gunn described "Sparky and Mikaela" as being "about a human [and] racoon crime fighting team and they fight crime in both the forest world, among the furry animals, and in the human world".[25] Gunn also has a short-form web series for Spike.com titled James Gunn's PG Porn.

In 2008, Gunn was a judge on the VH1 reality television show, Scream Queens where 10 unknown actresses compete for a role in the film Saw VI, where he directed contestants during acting challenges.[26]

In 2009, Gunn announced he was going to write and direct Pets, a comedy about a man who is abducted by aliens who want to turn him into a household pet, with Ben Stiller, Stuart Cornfeld and Jeremy Kramer producing.[27] However, by March 2009, Gunn announced, "Pets unfortunately, is done. I'm gone. I left the project for various reasons. I hope it sees the light of day somehow, but it won't be with me attached as director."[28]

In 2010, Gunn released Super, a dark comedy and superhero satire starring Rainn Wilson and Ellen Page. Gunn co-wrote and directed the Marvel Studios adaptation of Guardians of the Galaxy, which was released on August 1, 2014.[29] His brother, Sean, has a role in the film. Gunn has appeared as an actor, mostly in smaller roles or uncredited appearances in his own projects. Dan Gilroy and Jack Black separately lamented the proliferation of superhero films,[30] Gunn responded in a Facebook post, saying in part:

[P]opular fare in any medium has always been snubbed by the self-appointed elite. ... What bothers me slightly is that many people assume because you make big films that you put less love, care, and thought into them then people do who make independent films or who make what are considered more serious Hollywood films. ... If you think people who make superhero movies are dumb, come out and say we're dumb. But if you, as an independent filmmaker or a 'serious' filmmaker, think you put more love into your characters than the Russo Brothers do Captain America, or Joss Whedon does the Hulk, or I do a talking raccoon, you are simply mistaken.[31]

Gunn wrote and produced the horror film The Belko Experiment, which was released in 2017.[32] In 2016, he directed three Stan Lee cameo scenes in one day, for the film Doctor Strange and two unrevealed projects.[33][34][35]

Gunn wrote and directed Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (2017).[36][37][38] Gunn was slated to direct Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3, but in July 2018, Disney fired Gunn as the director amid controversy over off-color jokes he had tweeted.[39] Gunn was rehired in March 2019.[40]

In October 2018, Gunn was hired to write a completely new script for The Suicide Squad, with the intention of also serving as director, after its original director Gavin O'Connor left due to scheduling issues.[41][42]

Other media[edit]

Gunn wrote a novel in 2000, The Toy Collector, a story of a hospital orderly who steals drugs from the hospital which he sells to help keep his toy collection habit alive. In 1998, he and Troma's President Lloyd Kaufman co-wrote All I Need to Know about Filmmaking I Learned from The Toxic Avenger, about his experiences with Kaufman while working at Troma.

He wrote the story for Grasshopper Manufacture's video game Lollipop Chainsaw, working with game designer Suda 51.[43]

Firing from Disney and reinstatement[edit]

In July 2018, in reaction to Gunn's public criticisms of Donald Trump, alt-right conspiracy theorist Mike Cernovich drew attention to tweets that Gunn wrote between 2008 and 2012, joking about topics like rape, child abuse, and pedophilia.[44]

Amid criticism of the tweets, Disney severed ties with Gunn. He was fired as director of the upcoming Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3 film;[45] he was also dismissed from a role to help lead Marvel's planned "Cosmic Universe".[46] Gunn responded: "I have regretted [those jokes] for many years since. [...] Regardless of how much time has passed, I understand and accept the business decisions taken today. Even these many years later, I take full responsibility for the way I conducted myself then. All I can do now [is offer] my sincere and heartfelt regret [...] To everyone inside my industry and beyond, I again offer my deepest apologies."[45][47]

Walt Disney Studios' decision received criticism from several entertainers and journalists, including actors Dave Bautista, Selma Blair, Patton Oswalt, David Dastmalchian, Michael Ian Black, Mikaela Hoover, Mike Colter, Alex Winter, David Hasselhoff, directors Joe Carnahan and Fede Álvarez, comics artist Jim Starlin, musician Rhett Miller, comedian Jim Jefferies, Rick and Morty creator Justin Roiland, journalist David A. French, and Troma Entertainment founder and president Lloyd Kaufman.[48][49][50] Bobcat Goldthwait, who worked as a voice actor on the 1997 Disney film Hercules, responded to the incident by asking Disney to remove his voice from an upcoming park attraction based on the film.[51]

A number of media outlets openly criticized Disney's decision, including Collider, Cartoon Brew, The Daily Dot, The Independent, National Review, MovieWeb, and Vulture.[44][49][52] An online petition urging Disney to re-hire Gunn received over 400,000 signatures.[48][53]

On July 30, 2018, Guardians of the Galaxy cast members Chris Pratt, Zoe Saldana, Dave Bautista, Bradley Cooper, Vin Diesel, Sean Gunn, Karen Gillan, Pom Klementieff, and Michael Rooker released a joint statement through social media expressing their support for Gunn.[54]

Because of this, Sony Pictures decided to not promote the horror film Brightburn, which Gunn produced, at the 2018 San Diego Comic-Con.[55] However, when the first trailer for the film was released on December 8, 2018, Gunn's name was prominently featured. The film opened in May 2019.[56]

In March 2019, Gunn was reinstated by Disney as director of the film after meeting with Alan Horn, chairman of Walt Disney Studios, on multiple occasions. Gunn will start production on the film once his work on The Suicide Squad has been completed.[40]

Personal life[edit]

Gunn married actress Jenna Fischer on October 7, 2000, in an event that Gunn's hometown paper reported was officiated by Lloyd Kaufman,[5] but which Gunn later clarified had not been: "They said I was married by Lloyd Kaufman, which is not true. He was at my wedding and he gave a speech."[35] Gunn and Fischer had originally met in the St. Louis area through Gunn's brother Sean, who had acted in plays alongside Fischer in high school.[17] After seven years of marriage, Gunn and Fischer announced their separation in a joint statement on September 5, 2007,[57] divorcing in 2008.[58] In 2010, Fischer persuaded Gunn to cast Rainn Wilson, her co-star on The Office, in Gunn's film Super.[17]

Gunn has been in a relationship with actress Jennifer Holland since 2015.[59]

Gunn was raised in a Roman Catholic family and has mentioned how prayer continues to play an important role in his life,[60] but has also said that he is "in some ways, anti-religion".[61] Gunn explained his views in detail in 2016:

My personal take is that there is a role for spirituality in some people's lives and I think that a belief in God can be a good thing for a great amount of people [...] I do not like any sort of faith or religion that is based on exclusivity, meaning any sort of religion that says you're damned to hell or you're not going to be saved because you don't believe the same thing I do. I believe faith and spiritual belief is a very, very personal thing and if I started applying what I believe to everybody else it would be unfair to everybody's individuality and I really hate that.[62]



Year Title Director Writer Producer Notes
1996 Tromeo and Juliet Associate Yes No
2000 The Specials No Yes Yes
2002 Scooby-Doo No Yes No
2004 Tube No Yes No
Dawn of the Dead No Yes No
Scooby-Doo 2: Monsters Unleashed No Yes Yes
LolliLove No Uncredited Executive
2006 Slither Yes Yes No Feature film directorial debut
2010 Super Yes Yes No
2014 Guardians of the Galaxy Yes Yes No
2016 The Belko Experiment No Yes Yes
2017 Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 Yes Yes No
2018 Avengers: Infinity War No No Executive Additional dialogue[63][64]
2019 Avengers: Endgame No No Executive [65]
Brightburn No No Yes [66]
2021 The Suicide Squad Yes Yes No Post-production[67]
TBA Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3 Yes Yes No [68]

Short films

Year Title Director Writer Producer Notes
1997 Hamster PSA Yes Yes No
2008 Sparky & Mikaela Yes Yes Yes Web short
Humanzee! Yes Yes Yes
2013 Beezel Yes Yes No Segment of Movie 43

Acting Roles

Year Title Role Notes
1996 Tromeo and Juliet Found a peanut father
2000 The Specials Minute Man
Citizen Toxie: The Toxic Avenger IV Doctor Flem Hocking
2003 Doggie Tails, Vol. 1: Lucky's First Sleep-Over Riley Direct-to-video
The Ghouls
Melvin Goes to Dinner Scott
2004 LolliLove James
2006 Slither Hank Uncredited
2008 Humanzee! James Web short
2010 Super Demonswill
2014 Guardians of the Galaxy Maskless Sakaaran, Baby Groot Also CGI actor in end-credits scene[69]


Year Title Director Writer Producer Notes
1997–2000 The Tromaville Cafe Yes Yes No Also creator
2008–2009 James Gunn's PG Porn Yes Yes Executive Web series

Acting Roles

Year Title Role Notes
1997 Sgt. Kabukiman Public Service Announcement Insane Masturbator TV short
1997–2000 The Tromaville Cafe Mike the Crazy Boom Guy
2008–2009 James Gunn's PG Porn Various roles
2013 Holliston John Anguish Episode "Honesty"
2015 Con Man Raaker 2.0 Web series[70]

Video games[edit]

Year Title Director Writer Producer Actor Role
2012 Lollipop Chainsaw No Yes No No
2013 LocoCycle[71] No No No Yes Big Arms Chairman

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Category Title Result
2005 Bram Stoker Award Best Screenplay Dawn of the Dead Nominated
2006 Chainsaw Award Highest Body Count Slither Won
2007 Saturn Award The Filmmakers Showcase Award Won
2014 Golden Raspberry Award Worst Screenplay (shared with co-writers) Movie 43 Won
Worst Director (shared with co-directors) Won
2015 Writers Guild of America Awards Best Adapted Screenplay (shared with Nicole Perlman) Guardians of the Galaxy Nominated
Hollywood Film Awards Blockbuster of the Year Won
Critics' Choice Awards Best Action Film Won
Saturn Award Best Comic-to-Film Motion Picture Won
Best Director Won
Best Writing Nominated


Year Title Notes
1998 All I Need to Know about Filmmaking I Learned from The Toxic Avenger with Lloyd Kaufman
2000 The Toy Collector
2003 Make Your Own Damn Movie: Secrets of a Renegade Director Introduction only


  1. ^ While many sources give a birth year of 1970,[3] Gunn graduated from St. Louis University High School in 1984,[4] making 1970 questionable.[5]


  1. ^ "Songwriter/Composer: Gunn, James Francis Jr". Broadcast Music Inc. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  2. ^ "A Star Is Born: James Gunn turns 51 today". Los Angeles Times. August 5, 2017. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  3. ^ a b "James Gunn Biography". Tribute. Toronto, Canada. Retrieved November 7, 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Notable Alumni: SLUH". St. Louis University High School. Archived from the original on September 19, 2015. Retrieved December 6, 2014. James Gunn '84, filmmaker and screenwriter; Brian Gunn '88, screenwriter; Matt Gunn '90, writer for HBO show Real Time with Bill Maher; Sean Gunn '92, actor.
  5. ^ a b c d Williams, Joe (July 31, 2014). "St. Louis director James Gunn goes galactic". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Archived from the original on August 20, 2014. Retrieved December 6, 2014. Gunn graduated from SLUH in 1984. (Several sources, including IMDb.com, say he was born in 1970, but you do the math.)
  6. ^ Lovece, Frank (May 4, 2017). "James Gunn says 'Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2' a family affair". Newsday. New York City / Long Island. Archived from the original on May 5, 2017. Retrieved May 5, 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)Additional on May 5, 2017.
  7. ^ Babka, Allison (August 1, 2014). "5 Weird Things about STL Native and Guardians of the Galaxy Director James Gunn". Riverfront Times. St. Louis, Missouri. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  8. ^ James Gunn (September 1, 2010). "Facebook Page". Facebook.
  9. ^ Gunn, James (July 5, 2015). "My brother Brian's dream about..." Twitter. Retrieved November 7, 2015.
  10. ^ Patrick Gunn profile, qualiacapital.com; accessed December 4, 2014.
  11. ^ Gunn, James (December 21, 2014). "My sister Beth gave me..." Twitter. Retrieved November 7, 2015.
  12. ^ https://twitter.com/JamesGunn/status/812059184787165185
  13. ^ https://twitter.com/JamesGunn/status/736640431031779329
  14. ^ Interview with James Gunn (April 4, 2012). The 404 Podcast episode 1047
  15. ^ "Mac Giolla Dhuinn – Irish Names and Surnames". Library Ireland. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  16. ^ MacLysaght, Edward (1988). The Surnames of Ireland (Sixth ed.). Irish Academic Press. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
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  22. ^ "The Icons". Discogs. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
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  24. ^ "RT's 50 Best-Reviewed Horror Movies". Rotten Tomatoes. October 24, 2008. Archived from the original on July 13, 2008. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
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  26. ^ "A Search For Authenticity on the Set of 'Scream Queens' Season 2". BloodyDisgusting. Retrieved December 4, 2014.
  27. ^ Michael Fleming (September 20, 2007). "New Regency adopts 'Pets' pitch – James Gunn to write and direct comedy". Variety. Retrieved January 3, 2009.
  28. ^ James Gunn (March 31, 2009). "Re: A Few Things." Retrieved August 5, 2010.[permanent dead link]
  29. ^ Lesnick, Silas (September 18, 2012). "James Gunn Confirmed to Direct and Rewrite Guardians of the Galaxy". Superherohype.com. Archived from the original on September 18, 2012. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
  30. ^ Sneider, Jeff (February 22, 2015). "Superhero Movies Dissed at Oscars Despite 9 Acting Nominees With Comic Book Roles". TheWrap.com. Archived from the original on January 6, 2016. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
  31. ^ Gunn, James (February 23, 2015). "I didn't really find the Jack Black superhero jokes offensive". James Gunn verified Facebook page. Archived from the original on March 21, 2015. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
  32. ^ Lowe, Kinsey (June 6, 2015). "Brent Sexton Signs Up For 'The Belko Experiment'". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on September 26, 2015. Retrieved November 7, 2015.
  33. ^ While Doctor Strange director Scott Derrickson believed Gunn directed four cameos, Gunn said on social media, "To be honest, I think I only did THREE cameos — one was shot by someone else. And my third probably isn't what you think it is….": "James Gunn directed the next four Stan Lee Marvel cameos". Entertainment Weekly. October 29, 2016. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
  34. ^ "And it was definitely one of the most fun times I've ever had on set ..." James Gunn verified Facebook page. October 29, 2016. Archived from the original on April 20, 2017. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
  35. ^ a b Lovece, Frank (May 4, 2017). "James Gunn says 'Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2' a family affair". Newsday. New York City/Long Island. Archived from the original on May 5, 2017. Retrieved May 5, 2017. And while he directed the Stan Lee cameo in director Scott Derrickson's Doctor Strange, he did not direct the Marvel Comics impresario's cameos in the upcoming Thor: Ragnarok or Spider-Man: Homecoming. But, he reveals, 'I did do one that I can't talk about.'CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)Additional on May 5, 2017.
  36. ^ "Marvel announces 'Guardians of the Galaxy' sequel". yahoo.com. July 26, 2014.
  37. ^ Rosen, Christopher. "James Gunn comments on directing Stan Lee Marvel cameos". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  38. ^ "James Gunn". ew.com.
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  40. ^ a b Fleming Jr., Mike (March 15, 2019). "Disney Reinstates Director James Gunn For 'Guardians Of The Galaxy 3'". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on March 15, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  41. ^ Flameing Jr, Mike (October 9, 2018). "James Gunn Boards Suicide Squad 2 To Write And Possibly Direct". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  42. ^ Gonzalez, Umberto; Verhoeven, Beatrice (October 9, 2018). "James Gunn in Talks to Write Suicide Squad 2 for DC, Eyed to Direct (Exclusive)". TheWrap. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  43. ^ Johnny Cullen (August 1, 2011). "Warner to publish Grasshopper's Lollipop Chainsaw". vg247.com. Retrieved August 1, 2011.
  44. ^ a b Knoot, Joseph (July 21, 2018). "Disney appeased the alt-right by firing James Gunn—here's why that's a big problem". The Daily Dot. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  45. ^ a b Kit, Borys; Couch, Aaron. "James Gunn Fired as Director of 'Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  46. ^ "James Gunn Was Supposed To Shepherd Marvel's Cosmic Universe". We Got This Covered. July 23, 2018. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
  47. ^ Briers, Michael. "50,000 sign petition for Disney to rehire James Gunn for Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  48. ^ a b Cavna, Michael (July 23, 2018). "#WeAreGroot: How Hollywood is reacting to James Gunn's Disney firing". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  49. ^ a b Norkey, Trevor (July 20, 2018). "I Think Disney Firing James Gunn Is Ridiculous & Hypocritical". MovieWeb. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
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  51. ^ Chmielewski, Dawn C. (July 23, 2018). "Bobcat Goldthwait Rises In Support Of James Gunn, Asks Disney To Remove His Voice From Park Attraction". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
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  54. ^ Lopez, Alex; Stedman, Ricardo (July 30, 2018). "'Guardians of the Galaxy' Cast Says It 'Fully Supports' James Gunn". Variety. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
  55. ^ Kupfer, Lindsey; Hood, Bryan (July 20, 2018). "Sony avoids mentioning James Gunn at Comic-Con presentation". Page Six. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  56. ^ "BRIGHTBURN – Official Trailer (HD)". YouTube. December 8, 2018. Retrieved March 10, 2019.
  57. ^ Reuters (September 12, 2007). "'Office' actress Fischer, husband separate". Reuters. Retrieved January 3, 2009.
  58. ^ Trowbridge, Cecily (April 30, 2016). "James Gunn Shares Post on Ex Jenna Fischer, Says Not All Failed Relationships Make Enemies". Zimbio.com. Archived from the original on October 20, 2017. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  59. ^ Farrell, Paul (July 21, 2018). "Jennifer Holland, James Gunn's Girlfriend: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". Heavy. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
  60. ^ "'Guardians of the Galaxy' director defends Chris Pratt's tweet to Kevin Smith after backlash".
  61. ^ "The Indoor Kids #58 — Everything with James Gunn (NSFW)", The Indoor Kids, The Nerdist Podcast, event occurs at 49:42 to 52:56, August 13, 2012, archived from the original on March 4, 2016, retrieved October 23, 2016
  62. ^ Morgan, Sam (n.d.). "Exclusive Interview With 'Super' Writer/Director James Gunn". Hollywood.com. Archived from the original on October 19, 2015. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  63. ^ Holmes, Adam (April 3, 2018). "James Gunn Reportedly Even Wrote Dialogue For Avengers: Infinity War". Cinema Blend. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  64. ^ Gunn on Facebook Live as transribed by Mueller, Matthew (February 5, 2017). "James Gunn directed the next four Stan Lee Marvel cameos". ComicBook.com. Archived from the original on April 20, 2017. Retrieved February 6, 2017. Am I going to have any involvement with Infinity War, yes, I'm an executive producer on Infinity War.
  65. ^ Schmidt, JK (March 30, 2019). "James Gunn Officially Listed as 'Avengers: Endgame' Executive Producer". ComicBook.com. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  66. ^ Couch, Aaron; McClintock, Pamela (October 8, 2018). "Sony Pushes Back James Gunn Horror Movie to 2019". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  67. ^ Mancuso, Vinnie (January 30, 2019). "James Gunn to Direct 'Suicide Squad 2′ for Warner Bros". Collider. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  68. ^ Fleming Jr, Mike (March 15, 2019). "Disney Reinstates Director James Gunn For 'Guardians Of The Galaxy 3'". Deadline. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
  69. ^ Marvel Guardians of the Galaxy Official Motion Picture Soundtrack ZinePak. ZinePak. p. 45.
  70. ^ McNary, Dave (March 11, 2015). "'Firefly' Stars Alan Tudyk, Nathan Fillion Reunite for Crowdfunded 'Con Man' Series". Variety. Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  71. ^ "Twisted Pixel Games: We Make Awesome". Twistedpixelgames.com. Retrieved December 6, 2014.

External links[edit]