James Halliday McDunnough

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James Halliday McDunnough
Born(1877-05-10)May 10, 1877
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
DiedFebruary 23, 1962(1962-02-23) (aged 84)
Alma materKaiser Wilhelm Institute for Biology
Scientific career
Author abbrev. (zoology)Barnes & McDunnough, McDunnough

James Halliday McDunnough (10 May 1877, Toronto – 23 February, 1962, Halifax, Nova Scotia) was a Canadian entomologist best known for his work with North American Lepidoptera, but who also made important contributions about North American Ephemeroptera.

He didn't start out to be an entomologist, but went to Berlin to be trained as a classical musician, studying under the great violinist Joseph Joachim. After a season as a violinist in a symphony orchestra in Glasgow, Scotland (presumably what is now the Royal Scottish National Orchestra), he decided to change careers. In 1904 he went back to study in Berlin, receiving his doctorate in zoology in 1909.

Returning to North America, he worked briefly at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts and married Margaret Bertels, from Berlin. He soon learned of an important opportunity: a wealthy surgeon in Decatur, Illinois named William Barnes needed an entomologist to serve as curator and researcher for his private collection of North American lepidoptera - probably the best in existence at the time.

From 1910 to 1919 McDunnough produced, with Barnes credited as co-author, an impressive volume of research on the taxonomy of North American lepidoptera, including the first four volumes of the privately published Contributions to the Natural History of the Lepidoptera of North America, the 1917 Check list of the Lepidoptera of Boreal America, Illustrations of the North American Species of the Genus Catocala, and numerous journal articles, 67 papers in all. He also published nine articles solely under his own name during this period.

Although Barnes was interested and involved in the work of his curators, he apparently did little or no actual research, but was given co-author credit as a courtesy that was due to one whose generosity in both money and access to his collections made the research of his curators possible.

In 1918, McDunnough spent a summer helping with the Canada National Collection of Insects (now the Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes) by arranging the microlepidoptera part of the collection. This led to his leaving the job with Barnes in 1919 and heading the newly created Division of Systematic Entomology within the Entomological Branch of the Canadian Department of Agriculture. He remained there until 1946.

During those 28 years, he oversaw the development of the Canadian National Collection into a world-class repository of insect and other arthropod specimens along with an extensive library of entomological publications, did faunal surveys throughout Canada, and published 199 taxonomic papers.

Over the same period, he also was editor for the Entomological Society of Canada's journal, The Canadian Entomologist, from 1921 to 1938.

After retirement, he was appointed a research associate at the American Museum of Natural History, working there from late 1946 to 1950.

In 1950, after the death of his wife, he moved to Halifax, Nova Scotia, where he became a research associate for the Nova Scotia Museum of Science, while still publishing papers through the AMNH. His last paper was published the year of his death at the age of 84.