James Henley Thornwell
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James Henley Thornwell (December 9, 1812 – August 1, 1862) was an American Presbyterian preacher and religious writer.
Born in Marlboro County, South Carolina, on December 9, 1812, Thornwell graduated from South Carolina College at nineteen, studied briefly at Harvard, then entered the Presbyterian ministry starting at the Waxhaw Presbyterian Church. He became prominent in the Old School Presbyterian denomination in the south, preaching and writing on theological and social issues. He taught at South Carolina College, eventually served as its president, and went on to teach at Columbia Theological Seminary. He was a contemporary of Charles Hodge and represented the southern branch of the Presbyterian church in debates on ecclesiology with Hodge.
Thornwell founded the Southern Presbyterian Review, edited the Southern Quarterly Review, and had a prominent role in establishing the Presbyterian Church in the Confederate States of America. Thornwell preached the first sermon and wrote the first address for the new denomination. He died on August 1, 1862, after a long struggle with tuberculosis. Thornwell is buried in Elmwood Cemetery, Columbia, Richland County, SC.
Thornwell, in the words of Professor Eugene Genovese, attempted "to envision a Christian society that could reconcile-so far as possible in a world haunted by evil-the conflicting claims of a social order with social justice and both with the freedom and dignity of the individual."
- Appletons' annual cyclopaedia and register of important events of the year: 1862. New York: D. Appleton & Company. 1863. p. 669.
- Thornwell, James Henley. The Collected Writings of James Henley Thornwell, 4 vols. Edited by John B. Adger and John L. Girardeau, 1871-1873.
- Palmer, B.M. The Life and Letters of James Henley Thornwell, 1875.
The Rev. Charles Hodge
|Moderator of the 59th General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America (Old School)
The Rev. Alexander T. McGill
- The Collected Writings of James Henley Thornwell, Volume 1——Theological. (678 pdfs)
- The Collected Writings of James Henley Thornwell, Volume 2——Theological and Ethical. (634 pdfs)
- The Collected Writings of James Henley Thornwell, Volume 3——Theological and Controversial. (830 pdfs)
- The Collected Writings of James Henley Thornwell, Volume 4——Ecclesiastical. (648 pdfs)
- James Henley Thornwell and the Theological Defense of Slavery (1851-54) by Erik Grayson, History and Religious Studies Major, University of South Carolina. Vimeo video (10:01 minutes). A pdf of the text is avaible here.
- The Rights and Duties of Masters: A Sermon ... by James Henley Thornwell. (1850, 56 pdfs)