James Herbert on 18 September 2012
8 April 1943|
|Died||20 March 2013
|Genre||Horror, Dark fantasy|
|Notable works||The Rats series, The Fog|
James John Herbert, OBE (8 April 1943 – 20 March 2013) was a best-selling English horror writer who originally worked as the art director of an advertising agency. A full-time writer, he also designed his own book covers and publicity. His books have sold 54 million copies worldwide, and have been translated into 34 languages, including Chinese and Russian.
Born in London, Herbert was the son of Herbert Herbert, a stall-holder at London's Brick Lane Market. He attended a Catholic school in Bethnal Green called Our Lady of the Assumption, then aged 11 won a scholarship to St Aloysius Grammar School in Highgate. He left school at 15 and studied at Hornsey College of Art, joining the art department of John Collings, a small advertising agency. He left the agency to join Charles Barker Advertising where he worked as art director and then group head.
Herbert lived in Woodmancote, near Henfield in West Sussex,. He had two brothers: Peter, a retired market trader and John, an insurance broker. Herbert would write his drafts in longhand on "jumbo pads". In 1979 Herbert had to pay damages when it was ruled that he had based part of his novel “The Spear” on the work of another writer (The Spear of Destiny), Trevor Ravenscroft. In 2010 Herbert was honoured with the World Horror Convention Grand Master Award, presented to him by Stephen King. Later the same year he was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 2010 Birthday Honours, presented by Prince Charles.
His first two books, The Rats and The Fog, were disaster novels with man-eating giant black rats in the first and an accidentally released chemical weapon in the second. The first print run of The Rats (100,000 copies) sold out in three weeks. Herbert wrote three sequels to The Rats; Lair which deals with a second outbreak of the mutants, this time in the countryside around Epping Forest rather than in the first book's London slums; in Domain, a nuclear war means that the rats have become the dominant species in a devastated city. The third sequel, the graphic novel The City, is an adventure set in the post-nuclear future.
With his third novel, the ghost story The Survivor, Herbert used supernatural horror rather than the science fiction horror of his first two books. In Shrine, he explored his Roman Catholic heritage with the story of an apparent miracle which turns out to be something much more sinister. Haunted, the story of a sceptical paranormal investigator taunted by malicious ghosts, began life as a screenplay for the BBC, though this was not the screenplay used in the eventual film version. Its sequels were The Ghosts of Sleath and Ash. Others of Herbert's books, such as Moon, Sepulchre and Portent, are structured as thrillers, and include espionage and detective story elements along with the supernatural. The Jonah is in large part the story of a police investigation, albeit by a policeman whose life is overshadowed by a supernatural presence. The Spear deals with a neo-Nazi cult in Britain and an international conspiracy which includes a right-wing US general and an arms dealer.
'48 is an alternative history novel set in 1948 in which the Second World War ended with the release of a devastating plague by the defeated Hitler and, like The Spear, features British characters who sympathise with the Nazis. Others presents the story of a physically deformed private detective. Herbert had previously tackled the theme of reincarnation in his fourth novel, Fluke, the story of a dog who somehow remembers his previous life as a human being. Rumbo, one of the characters from Fluke also turns up in The Magic Cottage. Once... includes another reference to the character of Rumbo (along with an in-joke of elven folk having names of reversed titles of Herbert's previous novels; 'Hanoj', 'Niamod', 'Noom' etc.).
Nobody True continues the theme of life after death, being narrated by a ghost whose investigation of his own death results in the destruction of his illusions about his life. Herbert described Creed as his Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein. The character Joe Creed is a cynical, sleazy paparazzo who is drawn into a plot involving fed-up and underappreciated monsters.
The novel The Secret of Crickley Hall, originally scheduled for release in April 2006, was eventually released in October. A long novel about a haunted country house in England, it examined the relationship between religious zealotry and child abuse. One of the characters in this novel is named after a real person, who won the honour by having the winning bid in the 2004 BBC Radio 2 Children in Need Auction. Various biographical and critical pieces by and about Herbert have been collected in James Herbert: By Horror Haunted, edited by Stephen Jones, and also in James Herbert – Devil in the Dark, written by Craig Cabell.
Herbert released a new novel virtually every year from 1974 to 1988, wrote six novels during the 1990s and released three new works in the 2000s. "I am very insecure about being a writer", he stated in the book Faces of Fear. "I don't understand why I am so successful. And the longer I stay that way, the better it's going to be, because that's what keeps me on the edge, striving if you like."
"Herbert was by no means literary, but his work had a raw urgency," said Stephen King. "His best novels, The Rats and The Fog, had the effect of Mike Tyson in his championship days: no finesse, all crude power. Those books were best sellers because many readers (including me) were too horrified to put them down."
"There are few things I would like to do less than lie under a cloudy night sky while someone read aloud the more vivid passages of 'Moon,'" Andrew Postman wrote in The New York Times Book Review. "In the thriller genre, do recommendations come any higher?"
List of works
- The Survivor (1981 film)
- Deadly Eyes (1982 film adapted from The Rats)
- The Rats (1985 computer game for the Commodore 64 and Sinclair Spectrum)
- Fluke (1995 film)
- Haunted (1995 film)
- The Magic Cottage (1998 BBC Radio 4 Dramatisation)
- The Secret of Crickley Hall (2012 three-part BBC One television serial)
- Illustrated by Ian Miller.
- Collection of works and interviews, edited by Stephen Jones. See Jones 1992.
- Photographs by Paul Barkshire.
- "Maurice and Mog", about a man living in his nuclear shelter with a cat, was originally a chapter excised from some editions of Domain. In: Williamson 1987, 1988 & 2001 and Jones 1992.
- "Breakfast", about a woman who continues with her chores after the armageddon, was originally a chapter excised from some editions of Domain. In: Masterton 1989 and Jones 1992.
- "Halloween's Child" was an original story first published in the Daily Mail. In Etchison 1991a & 1991b and Jones 1992.
- "They Don't Like Us". In: Jones 1992 and Francis & Upton 1996.
- "Extinct". In: Cabell 2003.
- "Cora's Needs" is the restoration of a chapter of Sepulchre that was edited down before publication. In: Cabell 2003.
- Spark, Alasdair. "Horrible Writing: the Early Fiction of James Herbert." in Clive Bloom, ed, Creepers: British Horror & Fantasy in the Twentieth Century. London and Boulder CO: Pluto Press, 1993, pp. 147–160.
- Williams, Charlotte. "James Herbert Dies". Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- Plint, Alec (21 March 2013). "20 things you didn't know about James Herbert". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 21 March 2013.
- Cabell 2003, p. 3.
- Holland, Steve (21 March 2013). "James Herbert obituary". Guardian.co.uk (London). Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- Daily Mail Weekend Interview. 14 July 2012, p6
- "Sussex writer honoured – Heart Sussex News". Heart.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-03-21.
- Kugler, Oliver (7 April 2006). "Kugler's people: Peter Herbert". Guardian G2: 14–15.
- "Miasma, madness and mutants". Sydney Morning Herald. 21 March 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- Schudel, Matt (22 March 2013). "James Herbert, Britain’s Stephen King, dies at 69". The Washington Post. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- The London Gazette: . 12 June 2010. Retrieved 11 June 2011.
- Katy Rice (19 October 2012). "Spooky behaviour". The Argus.
- "Obituary: James Herbert". The Daily Telegraph (London). 21 March 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- "James Herbert: UK horror author dies aged 69". BBC News. 20 March 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- "Rats author James Herbert left £8million in his will when he died two years ago, aged 69". Daily Mail. 17 May 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
- Weber, Bruce (24 March 2013). "James Herbert, British Horror Novelist, Dies at 69". The New York Times.
- Cabell, Craig (2003). James Herbert: Devil in the Dark. United Kingdom: John Blake Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84358-059-1.
- Etchison, Dennis, ed. (1991a). Masters of Darkness III. New York City: Tor Books. ISBN 978-0-8125-1766-8.
- Etchison, Dennis, ed. (1991b). The Complete Masters of Darkness. United States: Underwood-Miller. ISBN 978-0-88733-116-9.
- Francis, Clare; Upton, Ondine, eds. (1996). A Feast of Stories. London: Macmillan Publishers. ISBN 978-0-333-65340-1.
- Jones, Stephen, ed. (1992). By Horror Haunted. London: Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 978-0-450-53810-0.
- Masterton, Graham, ed. (1989). Scare Care (Tor horror). New York City: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-93156-8.
- Williamson, J.N., ed. (1987). Masques II: All-New Stories of Horror and the Supernatural. Baltimore: Maclay & Assoc. ISBN 978-0-940776-24-1.
- Williamson, J.N., ed. (1988). The Best of Masques. New York City: Berkley Books. ISBN 978-0-425-10693-8.
- Williamson, J.N., ed. (2001). Dark Masques. New York City: Pinnacle Books. ISBN 978-0-7860-1455-2.