James Humphries Hogan
James Humphries Hogan (20 December 1883 – 12 January 1948) was an English stained glass designer with the firm of James Powell and Sons throughout his career, rising from apprentice to be managing director of the company. He made magnificent stained glass for many of England's cathedrals, including the 100 feet high central windows of Liverpool Cathedral.
Hogan was trained in turn at the Westminster School of Art, the Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, and the Central School of Arts and Crafts. In January 1898, Hogan was apprenticed to Powell & Sons at the age of fourteen. He trained under Christopher Whitworth Whall (1849-1924), as well as under Powell & Sons designers William Aikman (1868-1959) and John William Brown (1842-1928).
Hogan continued to work for Powell & Sons throughout his career. He worked his way up in the company, becoming Chief Designer in 1913, (succeeding William Aikman), Art Director in 1928, Managing Director in 1933, and finally Chairman in 1946.
Hogan travelled throughout the United States, as primary sales agent for the firm. In the period between 1926 and 1928, he produced a ten-fold increase in the company's stained glass sales in America, effectively saving the company during difficult times. Returning from a long sales trip to the United States in late December 1947, he collapsed on 3 January 1948 and slipped into a coma. He died on 12 January 1948, without ever regaining consciousness.
Hogan designed windows for several cathedrals in England including Hereford Cathedral, Rochester Cathedral, Exeter Cathedral, Carlisle Cathedral and Winchester Cathedral. The finest of these are the two windows in the great central space of Liverpool Cathedral, where he collaborated with Giles Gilbert Scott, and the windows in Saint Thomas Church (New York City), which were fabricated between the World Wars. Also in Liverpool Cathedral, Hogan's glass designs were used to replace earlier Powell & Sons glass, designed by John William Brown, in the Lady Chapel. The chapel was rebuilt by Gilbert Scott to make good the damage from World War II bombing in 1940.
Hogan made stained glass windows for a number of churches in America, including seven memorial windows in Grace and Holy Trinity Cathedral (Kansas City, Missouri) on the life of Christ.
Honours and awards
Hogan was made Master of the Art Workers Guild in 1936.
- Grace and Holy Trinity Cathedral: My Visit with Patrick Hogan. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- Sussex Parish Churches: J.H. Hogan. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- Liverpool Picturebook: Liverpool Anglican Cathedral: Stained Glass. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- Triposo: Liverpool Cathedral: Stained Glass. Retrieved 3 November 2012.
- Dyll, Remi Spriggs. The Glassware of James Hogan and James Powell and Sons. Journal of Glass Studies; 2011, Vol. 53, p195 (behind paywall)
- Gloine, Ireland: Windows by James Humphries Hogan
- Stained Glass in Wales: James Hogan (1883-1948)