James Joynton Smith
Sir James Joynton Smith
|48th Lord Mayor of Sydney|
1 January 1918 – 31 December 1918
|Preceded by||Richard Meagher|
|Succeeded by||John English|
|Alderman of the Sydney City Council|
1 December 1915 – 30 November 1918
|Member of the Legislative Council of New South Wales|
23 July 1912 – 22 April 1934
|Appointed by||Lord Chelmsford|
4 October 1858|
London, United Kingdom
10 October 1943 (aged 85)|
Coogee, New South Wales, Australia
|Children||Jeffrey Joynton Smith|
Sir James John Joynton Smith KBE, JP (October 1858 - 10 October 1943), commonly referred to simply as Joynton Smith, was an Australian hotelier, racecourse and newspaper owner, and Lord Mayor of Sydney.
Born James Smith (he added the Joynton later) in Bishopsgate, London, Smith had only the use of one eye and went to work as a cabin boy aged ten until 1874, when he settled in Wellington, New Zealand. In 1884 he organised the Seamen's and Firemen's Union of Wellington, and was first president and secretary of the Cooks' and Pantrymen's Union of New Zealand. He went on to run the Prince of Wales Hotel, then the Post Office Hotel and marrying in 1882. However, according to his memoirs, he gambled away his fortune during a brief return to London in 1886.
Around 1890 he arrived in Sydney and in 1891 re-entered the hospitality industry, starting with the Grand Central Coffee Palace, a temperance hotel. In 1896 he took over lease of the Imperial Arcade Hotel in Pitt Street, renaming it the Arcadia and transforming it into a highly profitable residential hotel. He eventually acquired a string of hotels in Sydney and the Blue Mountains, including the Log Cabin in Penrith, the Imperial in Mount Victoria and the Carrington in Katoomba. The Carrington was notable for having its own power plant - its chimney can still be seen to this day - which also supplied electricity to parts of Katoomba. Earlier he had established the Imperial Arcade Electric Light Co, which later formed the nucleus of Sydney City Council's electricity system. In October 1913, it was reported that Smith had bought the Hydro Majestic in Medlow Bath for £60,000.
In 1901, Smith's interest in sports led to him taking out a lease at Brighton racecourse at Rockdale, and later the Forest Lodge racecourse in Glebe, which eventually became Harold Park. In 1908 he opened the Victoria Park racecourse at Zetland, turning it into a showplace for horse and pony racing and trotting.
After failing in an attempt for the Legislative Assembly seat of Moruya in the 1901 election, Smith was appointed for life to the Legislative Council in 1912.  He was never active in the upper house and retired when it was re-formed in 1934. Smith also served as president of the New South Wales Rugby Football League. From 1916 to 1918 he was an independent alderman of Sydney Municipal Council for Bligh Ward. He served as Lord Mayor of Sydney in 1918.
After losing his council seat in the 1918 elections, Smith helped Clyde Packer and Claude McKay to launch the newspaper Smith's Weekly (1919–50), for which he is perhaps best remembered, investing £20,000 in its formation. The tabloid, initially printed in the basement of the Imperial Arcade, was aimed squarely at supporting the rights and welfare of returned servicemen, with whom it proved popular. Knighted in 1920, chiefly for his work raising war bonds during World War I, Smith remained chairman of Smith's Newspapers until 1939 and was granted retention of the "Honourable" title in 1936 for his long service in the Legislative Council. Noted for generous support of patriotic and hospital charities, he was instrumental in the establishment of Royal South Sydney Hospital. He was a director of Sydney Hospital (1911–1932), Royal Prince Alfred Hospital (1911–1932), the Wentworth Falls Convalescent Home, and was first president of the Picton Lakes T.B Soldiers and Sailors' Settlement at Thirlmere.
Unusually for a man whose fortune was largely built on hotels, he was a teetotaller. He was a keen billiards player and played against John Roberts during a visit by Roberts in 1910 at Smith’s Arcadia Hotel in Sydney. He was also involved in the development of professional rugby league football in its early years, having put up the money to back the breakaway code in Australia.
Later life and legacy
Smith died at his residence from 1912 (and former residence of Sydney Mayor in 1867, Charles Moore), Hastings House, in Baden Street, Coogee, on 10 December 1943 and was cremated at Northern Suburbs Crematorium the following day. He was survived by his third wife and a daughter and a son (his eldest child, Thayre, died in 1938, aged 31). His estate, valued at £326,000, was the subject of a long and expensive litigation. Joynton Ave in Zetland, New South Wales and Joynton Smith Drive in Canberra were named for him.
- "Sir James John Joynton SMITH, K.B.E (1858 - 1943)". Former Members. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- "James Joynton Smith". Sydney's Aldermen. City of Sydney. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- Blaikie, p. 4.
- Blaikie, p. 5.
- Smith, Sir James John Joynton (1858 - 1943) Australian Dictionary of Biography, Online Edition. Retrieved 16 January 2008.
- Green, Antony. "NSW Elections – Moruya 1901". NSW Elections Index. Parliament of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 26 August 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- "Government Gazette Notices". Government Gazette Of The State Of New South Wales (44). New South Wales, Australia. 30 March 1912. p. 2093. Retrieved 16 March 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- Masters, Roy (24 April 2014). "Kangaroos who enlisted in World War I were in a league of their own". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- "MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS". Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales (218). New South Wales, Australia. 3 December 1915. p. 7309. Retrieved 16 March 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- "No. 34357". The London Gazette. 5 January 1937. p. 81.
- "No. 32090". The London Gazette. 19 October 1920. p. 10095.
- Ricketts, Andrew. Walter Lindrum: Billiards Phenomenon. ISBN 0-949742-48-1.
- Headon, David (October 1999). "Up From the Ashes: The Phoenix of a Rugby League Literature" (PDF). Football Studies Volume 2, Issue 2. Football Studies Group. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-08-10. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
- Sharpe, Alan; Lawrence, Joan (1999). "Coogee's Historic Houses". Pictorial History Eastern Suburbs. Sydney: Kingsclear Books Pty Ltd. p. 127. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- Sydney Morning Herald, 7 January 1939.
- "LEAVE TO APPEAL". The Sydney Morning Herald (34,376). New South Wales, Australia. 25 February 1948. p. 4. Retrieved 16 March 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- "RISE OF JOYNTON SMITH FROM PANTRY TO UNTOLD RICHES". Truth (3098). New South Wales, Australia. 5 June 1949. p. 13. Retrieved 16 March 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Lady Joynton Smith loses trusteeship". The Sun (12,273). New South Wales, Australia. 30 May 1949. p. 8 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved 16 March 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- Blaikie, G. (1967) Remember Smith's Weekly, Angus & Robertson, London.
- Smith, Joynton (Sir) (1927) My life story, Cornstalk Publishing, Sydney.
| Lord Mayor of Sydney