||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2008)|
James Kochalka at home in August 2000 in Burlington, Vermont
May 26, 1967 |
|Awards||Four Ignatz Awards,
Harvey Award, 2006
Vermont Cartoonist Laureate, 2011–2013, Eisner Award
James Kochalka (born May 26, 1967 in Springfield, Vermont) is an American comic book artist and writer, and rock musician. His comics are noted for their blending of the real and the surreal. Largely autobiographical, Kochalka's cartoon expression of the world around him includes such real-life characters as his wife, children, cat, friends and colleagues, but always filtered through his own observations and flights of whimsy. In March 2011 he was declared the cartoonist laureate of Vermont, serving a term of three years.
Kochalka grew up in Springfield, Vermont. He attended the Maryland Institute College of Art and has an MFA in painting. His first published comics work was around 1994. He has cited by cartoonist Daniel Clowes as being a key inspiration in leading him "towards a whole world of comics that [he] never knew existed". Kochalka strongly believes that simplicity is desirable in comics and says that "craft is the enemy", and has had public debates in print and online with other cartoonists who disagree with his position. Kochalka's "Craft Is the Enemy" essays were collected in the 2005 book The Cute Manifesto.
Kochalka spent six years working in a Chinese restaurant in Winooski, Vermont, before leaving to devote his full energy to cartooning and music. His song "Hockey Monkey", recorded with the band The Zambonis, was the theme song for the Fox series The Loop.
Comics and graphic novels
Comic book writer/artist Frank Miller told SuicideGirls that he is a "big fan of James Kochalka," predicting Kochalka is "going to become more important and it's going to be fun watching that happen. He reminds me of me when I was six years old and I came into my mother's kitchen with a bunch of sheets of typing paper folded over and stapled in the middle that were covered with drawings and I said 'Mom this is what I'm going to do for the rest of my life.' I've learned a lot from people like Kochalka because they do stuff that shouldn't work but does."
Kochalka is prolific in his comics work. He told an interviewer in 2002 that he had created 2,000 pages of comics by the time he completed high school. His comics have earned him four Ignatz Awards (Outstanding Minicomic 1997, Outstanding Series 2002, Outstanding Online Comic 2003 and 2004), a Harvey Award (Best Online Comic 2006), and multiple nominations for the Eisner Award. His work is characterized by a simple drawing style, bright colors, and frequent appearances by cats, robots, elves, and monkeys.
Among his most widely disseminated works is a four-page story, "Hulk vs. the Rain", that originally appeared in black-and-white in an unauthorized alternative comic called Coober Skeber. The story was later redrawn in color by Kochalka for inclusion in Marvel's Incredible Hulk 2001 Annual. The first issue of his comic SuperF*ckers sold approximately 2,500 copies through Diamond Distributing. In 2002, Kochalka said that all 5,000 copies of the first printing of the Monkey vs. Robot graphic novel had sold out. There has since been a second printing, and in an interview in August 2006 Kochalka said that over 10,000 copies of Monkey vs. Robot have been sold to date.
Kochalka created the comic Impy And Wormer, which appeared in Nickelodeon Magazine.
In July 2012 Kochalka won the Eisner Award for his book Dragon Puncher 2: Dragon Puncher Island.
Kochalka's two primary publishers are Top Shelf Productions and Alternative Comics. He has also published numerous short stories in comics anthologies, self-published his own mini-comics, and published graphic novels through other publishers such as Black Eye, Slave Labor Graphics and Highwater Books. He also makes the SpongeFunnies in the SpongeBob Comics series of comics.
Since October 26, 1998, Kochalka kept a daily diary comic strip. These strips have been published by Top Shelf Productions, first as The Sketchbook Diaries and then in collected form as American Elf. The complete archive of daily strips is now available as a webcomic, American Elf. The strip marked its tenth anniversary in 2008. Kochalka told The Onion that he wrote the first diary entry while traveling by plane to the San Diego Comic-Con. Kochalka's friend and fellow cartoonist Brian Ralph was working on his comics on the flight, and Kochalka was inspired to begin cartooning on the plane as well. Kochalka created diary strips during the week of the convention, and committed to doing a diary strip every day. The strip finally ended on December 31, 2012 after more than 14 years, with one final epilogue-style strip titled "Am I alive?" published on March 23, 2013.
Beginning in December 2007, Kochalka made all of his daily diary strip archives free for all readers; previously the archives had only been accessible to paying subscribers, with only the newest strip available for free. Under the relaunched "American Elf Supersite," all the archived strips dating back to 2002 were free for all readers, while paying subscribers receive access to other comics and MP3s. Kochalka reported on his blog that the site had received around 200,000 hits as a result of the change. Subsequently he opened the archives all the way back to the strip's beginning in 1998.
The book American Elf is a collection of Kochalka's daily diary strips, released in a large edition by Top Shelf Productions in Summer 2004, compiling five years of the daily diary strips and other supplemental material. A second volume was released in early 2007, collecting years six and seven of the daily strips in full color. A third volume followed in November 2008, collecting the years 2006 and 2007 in color.
SuperFuckers (censored as "SuperF*ckers", "SuperF***ers", or "Super'F'-ers") was published by Top Shelf Productions between 2005 and 2007. Frederator Studios approached Kochalka with the possibility of producing an animated cartoon based on the comics. After pitching the show around to various cable television networks, Frederator produced the series for distribution on its YouTube funded partner channel Cartoon Hangover. The series premiered on November 30, 2012. The first season consists of twelve five-minute episodes and follows closely to the comics. The series features David Faustino in the lead role of Jack Krak, as well as Maria Bamford, Jaleel White, Veronica Belmont, Phil Morris, and Jeff B. Davis. The series was directed by Fran Krause, written by Kochalka, and features the music of Anthony Davis and Dustin Pilkington of Best Fwends.
Glorkian Warrior is a series of books oriented at a younger audience. created by James and published by FirstSecond. The first (of three) is called Glorkian Warrior Delivers a Pizza. The second graphic novel, Glorkian Warrior Eats Adventure Pie is scheduled to be released in March 2015. The third title is forthcoming and does not yet have a release date.
The character was created by James and along with Pixeljam was made into a videogame called Glorkian Warrior: The Trials of Glork
In 2010 James and Pixeljam Games did a Kickstarter to fund James' idea for a game called Glorkian Warrior. March 13, 2014 the game, Glorkian Warrior: Trials of Glork, was released on the Apple App Store for iPad, iPhone, and iPod Touch devices. It is currently in development for Android, PC, Mac
Kochalka is an instructor at the Center for Cartoon Studies, a cartooning school in White River Junction, Vermont that was founded by cartoonist James Sturm. Kochalka is part of the "Little Idiot Collective," a group of artists assembled by the musician Moby.
Kochalka's band, James Kochalka Superstar, has released nine albums.
Spread Your Evil Wings and Fly was completed some time before its release in the fall of 2005; an online petition was launched to convince Kochalka's record label Rykodisc to release the CD. Over 500 people signed the petition demanding the album's release.
Virtually all of Kochalka's CDs come packaged with his cartoons in the accompanying pamphlets, in some cases using the pamphlet as a full-length mini-comic.
Kochalka was also in the band Jazzin' Hell, and contributed vocals as the character Frank Poole in the rock opera CD, ODYSSEY!
Kochalka lives in Burlington, Vermont with his wife Amy and their two sons, Eli and Oliver.
- 1995, The True Story of James Kochalka Superstar (CD, Dot Dot Dash, DOT 7)
- 1996, 4-Track Egomaniac (cassette, self-release)
- 1997, Monkey vs. Robot (CD & comic book, Tarquin Records, TQ-018)
- 1998, Punk Ass Bitch [with Jason Cooley] (cassette, self-release)
- 1999, Kissers (bonus CD with graphic novel, Highwater Books)
- 1999, Carrot Boy The Beautiful (CD, Sudden Shame, SS024)
- 1999, Mermaid [with R Stevie Moore] (cassette, self-release)
- 2001, Don't Trust Whitey (CD, Tarquin Records, TQ-025)
- 2002, Hot Chocolate Superstar (download-only , Dangerfive Records)
- 2002, Danger Force Five Singles Club [with Colin Clary] (download-only, Dangerfive Records)
- 2004, Punky Brewskies [as Punky Brewskies, with Jason X-12] (cassette, Icebox Records IB3-001)
- 2006, Spread Your Evil Wings & Fly (CD, Rykodisc, RCD-10840)
- 2009, Digital Elf (CD, Top Shelf)
- 2012, Beautiful Man (download-only, self-release)
- 1992, Egg Hunt [with Jazzin' Hell] (7", Thicker Records, TQ-003)
- 1996, Bad Astronaut (7", Mustard Records, MUST001)
- 2012, I Am The Beast (download-only, self-release)
- 1994, "Superstar Rastafari" b/w "2000" [The Pants] (7", Split Records, SPL-004)
Compilations and Best-Of
- 1995, "Hot Dog Hot Rod Rider" from Good Citizen Vol 1 The Soundtrack to the Zine (CD, Good Citizen)
- 1996, "Ballbuster" (Headlock cover) from "Burlington Does Burlington, Vol 1 & 2" (CD, Good Citizen)
- 1997, "President Kochalka" from "Pop Pie" (Big Heavy World)
- 2003, "Even The Clouds Get High" from Rykodisc The Anthology (CD, Rykodisc)
- 2005, Our Most Beloved (CD, Rykodisc RCD 10678) (a best-of compilation packaged with a five-video DVD)
- 2006, Why is the Sky Blue? (download-only, Rykodisc/WEA) (a best-of compilation)
- 2010, Digital Elf/Kissers (LP re-release, Señor Hernandez Records)
- Polston, Pamela. James Kochalka First State Cartoonist Laureate January 24, 2011
- Epstein, Daniel Robert. Interview with Miller, SuicideGirls.com (August 3, 2005). Accessed Dec 21, 2008.
- "About Diamond," Diamond Comic Distributors. Accessed December 21, 2008.
- Nadel, Dan. Mars Import Interview (April 2002). Accessed December 21, 2008.
- American Elf
- "American Elf vol 1 listing on Amazon". Amazon.com. Retrieved January 15, 2008.
- "14-Year Webcomic AMERICAN ELF Ends, Creator Moves Forward". Retrieved July 21, 2013.
- Faculty area of the Center for Cartoon Studies website. Accessed December 21, 2008.
- American Elf, Kochalka's webcomic
- Official SuperF*ckers website
- SuperF*ckers on YouTube
- Official Glorkian Warrior website