James Lawson may refer to:
- James Lawson (activist) (born 1928), theoretician and tactician of nonviolence within the American Civil Rights Movement
- James Lawson (Australian doctor) (born 1934), Australian public health doctor and scientist
- James Lawson (footballer) (born 1987), English professional footballer
- James Lawson (swimmer) (born 1995), Zimbabwean swimmer
- James Earl Lawson (1891–1950), Canadian politician and lawyer
- James Anthony Lawson (1817–1887), judge of Queen's Bench, Ireland
- James Lawson Drummond (1783–1853), Irish physician, naturalist and botanist
- James R. Lawson (1918–1985) American anti-Imperialist activist and black nationalist
- James Raymond Lawson (1915-1996), African-American physicist and president of Fisk University
- James S. Lawson (1828–1893) Assistant to the Coast Survey, Pacific Coast
- Jim Lawson (comic book writer) (born 1960), American comic book artist
- Jimmy Lawson (born 1947), English professional footballer
- Jim Lawson (sports executive), Canadian businessman and lawyer who is Chairman of the Canadian Football League Board of Governors and Chairman of the Jockey Club of Canada.
- Jim Lawson (American football), (1902–1989), college and professional football player in the 1920s.
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