James Lloyd (Massachusetts politician)

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James Lloyd
United States Senator
from Massachusetts
In office
June 9, 1808 – May 1, 1813
Preceded by John Quincy Adams
Succeeded by Christopher Gore
In office
June 5, 1822 – May 23, 1826
Preceded by Harrison Gray Otis
Succeeded by Nathaniel Silsbee
Member of the Massachusetts Senate
In office
Member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
Born December 1769
Boston, Massachusetts
Died April 5, 1831(1831-04-05) (aged 61)
New York City, New York
Political party Federalist
Alma mater Harvard College
Occupation Merchant

James Lloyd (December 1769 – April 5, 1831) was a Federalist United States Senator from Massachusetts during the early years of the United States.


James Lloyd was born in Boston, Province of Massachusetts Bay, to James Lloyd, a medical doctor, and Sarah (Curwin) Lloyd. Lloyd was educated at Boston Latin School and Harvard College, where he received a BA in 1787 and an MA in 1790. He got a job as a merchant clerk, in which capacity he traveled to Russia in 1792.

In 1800 Lloyd was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives, and in 1804 he won election to the state senate. In 1808, he defeated United States Senator John Quincy Adams for the term beginning in 1809, and then was elected to the unexpired term when Adams resigned. He served until his resignation on May 1, 1813. On June 17, 1812, he voted against declaring war on Britain. Upon the resignation of Senator Harrison Gray Otis in 1822, he was again elected and reelected, serving until his resignation on May 23, 1826. He died in New York City and is buried in King's Chapel Burying Ground in Boston.

On February 28, 1812, Lloyd gave a speech in the Senate of the United States on the Bill "Concerning the Naval Establishment".

Lloyd was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1811[1] and a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1820.[2]


  1. ^ "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter L" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved September 7, 2016. 
  2. ^ American Antiquarian Society Members Directory

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

United States Senate
Preceded by
John Quincy Adams
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Massachusetts
Served alongside: Timothy Pickering, Joseph B. Varnum
Succeeded by
Christopher Gore
Preceded by
Harrison Gray Otis
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Massachusetts
Served alongside: Elijah H. Mills
Succeeded by
Nathaniel Silsbee